The Seljuk Turks 1 2 3 Fold your

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The Seljuk Turks 1. 2. 3. Fold your paper in half For each slide,

The Seljuk Turks 1. 2. 3. Fold your paper in half For each slide, create a question that can be answered by the information on the slide- On one side On the other side compose your answer to the question you wrote

Origins/Geography n Seljuk Turks were: ¡ ¡ n n nomadic steppe herders : Goats/sheep/camels

Origins/Geography n Seljuk Turks were: ¡ ¡ n n nomadic steppe herders : Goats/sheep/camels Clashed with Islamic empires on northeastern frontiers 10 C began conversions and migration into the Abbasid territory Abbasid took note of their military skills

Slaves to Masters n n n Turkish children purchased for soldiers/bodyguards called Mameluks Mameluk

Slaves to Masters n n n Turkish children purchased for soldiers/bodyguards called Mameluks Mameluk forces overpowered Abassid caliph masters Abassids had hemorrhaged territory (Spain, North Africa, and parts of Persia) n n n Seljuks (mameluks named for the Persian family that owned them) captured Baghdad Marched on Byzantines 1055 and held most of Anatolia

Turks secure Persian Support n n n Seljuk rulers wisely won over the hearts

Turks secure Persian Support n n n Seljuk rulers wisely won over the hearts of their Persian conquests Named Isfahan as capital Nomadic Seljuks prized Persian learning adopting culture and language ¡ ¡ Arabic language waned Used only by religious scholars

Isfahan

Isfahan

The Crusades and the Turks n Crusades ¡ Crusaders were Christian knights and peasants

The Crusades and the Turks n Crusades ¡ Crusaders were Christian knights and peasants from Europe n n n ¡ Pope Urban II launched them to “unify” regain control of the Holy Lands? Between 8 and 11 crusades were launched over nearly two centuries First two were successful (1096 and 1099): Muslim and Jewish inhabitants massacred by the rampaging Christians

After 1187: Crusader strength dwindled n n n Seljuk empire gathered strength under Saladin

After 1187: Crusader strength dwindled n n n Seljuk empire gathered strength under Saladin to recover Jerusalem Signed a truce with Richard I: granting access to pilgrims Further Crusades called, but less successful

Saladin and Richard I

Saladin and Richard I

Impact of the Crusades was greater on Europeans than on Muslims ¡ Civilizations had

Impact of the Crusades was greater on Europeans than on Muslims ¡ Civilizations had been in contact because of trade through Spain and Italy ¡ Europeans gained: weapons, architecture, medicine, Greek learning, Arabic numerals, chess, foods ¡ Most of the exchange was one way

Mongol Armies n n Genghis Khan emerges in early 1200 s Had already conquered

Mongol Armies n n Genghis Khan emerges in early 1200 s Had already conquered China Leveled cities, Baghdad included Mongols eventually utilized Turkish/Muslim administration techniques, converting