- Slides: 9
The Passive Voice: Gerunds, Infinitives And Modal Verbs PROF: SEMIAL AJDINI semial. [email protected] com
Tense Active Passive Modal can take can be taken Gerund taking being taken Bare infinitive take be taken Full infinitive to take to be taken
Read the sentences and notice the passive verbs in bold. Than answer the question below. a. b. c. Ø 1. 2. 3. I imagine being watched by cameras is not pleasant. The scientist decided to be involved in the project. The public should be told about the dangers of mobile phones. Which sentence uses: A modal verb and a bare infinitive? A full infinitive? A gerund?
THE RULES 1. We form the passive of a gerund with being + past participle. 2. We form the passive of a full infinitive with to be + past participle. 3. We form the passive of a bare infinitive with be + past participle.
More examples with modal verbs in passive voice q q q You can give money to them. (active voice) They can be given money. (passive voice) Money can be given to them (passive voice) Ø You must pay attention in class. (active voice) Ø Attention must be paid in class. (passive voice) The students can find books on the shelves. (active voice) v Books can be found on the shelves. v (passive voice) v
More examples with full infinitives in passive voice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I am expecting to be given a pay-rise next month. She is hoping to be elected president. The carpet needs to be washed. The foundation of imitation among us comes from the desire to be transported out of ourselves. The lamb is ready to be eaten.
More examples with gerund verbs in passive voice Ø He hates being photographed. Ø Her baby loves being held. Ø Being served quickly is important for customers in a restaurant.
HOMEWORK The examples B and C on page 117.