The Passive Voice amisare done amisare being done

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The Passive Voice 被动语态

The Passive Voice 被动语态

■ 动词语态的时态体现: 一般 进行 完成 现在 am/is/are + done am/is/are being + done have/has

■ 动词语态的时态体现: 一般 进行 完成 现在 am/is/are + done am/is/are being + done have/has been + done 过去 was/were + done were/was being + done had been + done 将来 will/shall be + done 过去将来 would/should be + done 体时 will/shall have been + done would/should have been + done

1. Bananas are grown in Hainan. (海南种植香焦。) 2. Many more trees will be planted

1. Bananas are grown in Hainan. (海南种植香焦。) 2. Many more trees will be planted in our school next year. (我们学校明年将种更多的树。) 3. Were the trees planted by him. 这些树是他种的吗 ? 4. Young trees must be looked after. (必须照看好小树) 5. The building is being built. (那栋楼房正在建设中。) 6. The homework has been finished yet. (家作已经做完了。)

语态转换 1. He teaches English in our school. English is taught in our school

语态转换 1. He teaches English in our school. English is taught in our school by him. 宾提前变主,主变介 by宾,被动be加done, 时态看主动

2. We planted many trees last years. Many trees were planted by us last

2. We planted many trees last years. Many trees were planted by us last year. 过去时的被动语态: was/were+P. P

3. We should plant many more trees. Many more trees should be planted by

3. We should plant many more trees. Many more trees should be planted by us. 含情态动词的被动语态: 情态动词+be +PP

4. She will teach Class 6 will be taught by her. 将来时的被动语态: Will/shall+be +PP

4. She will teach Class 6 will be taught by her. 将来时的被动语态: Will/shall+be +PP

5. Many countries have sent up satellites into space. Satellites have been sent up

5. Many countries have sent up satellites into space. Satellites have been sent up into space by many countries. 完成时的被动语: have/has+been +PP

6. She is teaching Class 6 is being taught by her. 现在进行时的被动语态: am/is/are+being+pp

6. She is teaching Class 6 is being taught by her. 现在进行时的被动语态: am/is/are+being+pp

7. She gave me a book. I was given a book by her. A

7. She gave me a book. I was given a book by her. A book was given to me by her. 如 遇双宾语,最好变间宾, 如若变直宾,间宾前to/for ( pass, lend, buy, write, bring, show, tell…)

8. He made me do the work. I was made to do the work

8. He made me do the work. I was made to do the work by him. 这些动词真奇怪,主动句中to 离开,被动句中to回 来。( feel, listen to, hear, let have, make, look at, see, watch…)

People say she knows five languages. She is said to know five languages. �It

People say she knows five languages. She is said to know five languages. �It is said that she knows five languages. We believe the book has been translated into English. The book is believed to have been translated into English. �It is believed that the book has been translated into English 带宾语从句的句子改为被动语态时,有两 种情况: 1)宾语从句的主语+be +主句谓语的过去分 词+宾语从句谓语的不定式 2)It +be +主句谓语的过去分词+that+ 原宾语从句

将下列句子变为被动语态,每空一词。 1. We can finish the work in two days. The work can _____

将下列句子变为被动语态,每空一词。 1. We can finish the work in two days. The work can _____ be _____ in two days. finished 2. They produce silk in Suzhou. Silk __ is _____ produced in Suzhou. 3. The children will sing an English song. will ____ be _______ sung An English song ____ by the children. 4. You needn't do it now. It _____ by you now. needn’t _____ be done 5. Lucy sent me a New Year Card last week. A New Year Card ____ was ____ sent____ to me by Lucy last week. 6. He made me do that for him. I ____ for him. was ____ made ____ to ______that do 7. I have given this book to the library. has ______ been ______ given to the library. This book _____

不用被动语态的动词: 1. 不及物动词(vi. ) 如: happen, take place, appear, disappear, … happened • A

不用被动语态的动词: 1. 不及物动词(vi. ) 如: happen, take place, appear, disappear, … happened • A traffic accident ____(happen) just now. 2. 连系动词(Link. v. ) 如:be, look, seem, feel, sound, smell, taste, get, turn, become… sounds (sound) beautiful. • Peking Opera ____

主动表示被动的情况 1. 当此动词表示事物的自然属性的时候: wash, write, sell, read, open, cut, lock, shut, close 等 This

主动表示被动的情况 1. 当此动词表示事物的自然属性的时候: wash, write, sell, read, open, cut, lock, shut, close 等 This type of recorder sells well. That kind of shirt washes very well The novel reads well. The door opens with difficulty. This kind of shirt cleans easily Her coat caught in the door/ on the nail The door won’t shut. The library doesn’t open.

want, need, require, deserve和be worth等词的后面可 以用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。 The book is worth reading. The coat requires

want, need, require, deserve和be worth等词的后面可 以用动名词的主动形式表示被动意义。 The book is worth reading. The coat requires mending / to be mended. The children needs looking after / to be looked after. The table wants cleaning / to be cleaned. The thief deserves punishing / to be punished.

某些作表语(expensive, cheap, difficult, fit, hard, heavy, easy 等形容词后,用不定式形式表示被动意义。 The box is too heavy to

某些作表语(expensive, cheap, difficult, fit, hard, heavy, easy 等形容词后,用不定式形式表示被动意义。 The box is too heavy to lift. She is easy to approach. The fish is not fit to eat. He is hard to please. The passage is difficult to read. The jewel is too expensive to buy.

1. Large numbers of plastic bags _____ are used (use) in the supermarkets every

1. Large numbers of plastic bags _____ are used (use) in the supermarkets every day. 2. _____(send) up another Did our country send man-made satellite last year? 3. Must the passage____(translate )into Chinese? be translated 4. Her grandma was still alive when he was taken (take) to the hospital. _____ 5. English _____(speak) in many is spoken counties.

6. Three quarters of the world’s books are written (write) in English. ______ 7.

6. Three quarters of the world’s books are written (write) in English. ______ 7. This kind of sweater _____ (sell) sells well. 8. _____ Will Lesson 50 ______ be taught (teach) next week?

Fill in the blanks using right forms: 1. All the students were _____(ask) asked

Fill in the blanks using right forms: 1. All the students were _____(ask) asked to bring a kite with them last Sunday. tried 2. Are many ways _______(try) to stop people from cutting down so many trees? 3. —What are on show in the museum? —Some photos _____(take) taken by American children. 4. This coat _____(wash) washes well. 5. Must the old people ______(speak) be spoken to politely? 6. I’m often _____(警告)not warned to copy others’ homework. disappeared(消失). 7. He couldn’t explain why dinosaurs ______ 8. I’ll have my bike _________(修理) mended/repaired tomorrow. 9. Have you found your necklace ____(偷) stolen last week? 10. The PRC was _____(成立) founded on October 1, 1949.