The Observational Mode
The Observational Mode 1. Observational Documentaries attempt to simply and spontaneously observe lived life with a minimum of intervention 2. In its purest form that voice-over commentary, music external to the observed scene, intertitles, reenactments, and even interviews are completely eschewed. 3. The Films aimed for immediacy, intimacy, and revelation of individual human character in ordinary life style situations.
CINEMA – VERITE Observational MODE 1. Cinema Verite is phrased “Truthful Cinema” - 1960’s , The technological developments -”Mobile Lightweight Camera & Portable Sound Recording - Synchronized sound 2. Style of documentary filmmaking, combining naturalistic techniques that emphasizing appearance of real life 3. The techniques give every indication of having been carved from the historical world rather than fabricated as a fictional mise-enscene.
The Observational Mode Frederick Wiseman’s films, e. g. High School (1968) https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=H 7 Cj. Ju. EBats
The Expository Mode
The Expository Mode • It speaks directly to the viewer, often uses voice of god, which is the use of voiceover or titles, proposing a strong argument and point of view. • It has a purpose, it wants to teach us something. It tries to be objective and persuasive while telling the story. • Historical documentaries in this mode deliver an ‘objective’ account and interpretation of past events. • Some of the documentaries in this mode may introduce a level of counterpoint, irony, satire, or surrealism to the text.
• It may be a style that is commonly seen in TV documentaries. • Strange juxtapositions and poetic modes of exposition in this mode qualify or contest the commonplaces and make what has grown familiar strange. • For instance, the films of Brunel and Franju may challenge our tendency to describe other cultures within the morally secure framework of our own.
The Expository Mode Inside Job / Trailer (2010) https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Fzr. Burl. JUNk
The Interactive Mode
• Interactive documentary is a documentary production that differs from the more traditional forms—video, audio, photographic—by applying a full complement of multimedia tools. • The biggest difference from traditional documentary is its interactivity. • The audience from the passive viewer into a part of the creator, while the text will become uncertain and not unique.
• Interactive documentary stresses images of testimony or verbal exchange and images of demonstration (images that demonstrate the validity, or possibly, the doubtfulness, of what witnesses state). • In the interactive documentary, various forms of monologue and dialogue (real or apparent) predominate. • Interaction often revolves around the form known as the interview.
Interactive Documentary Interview - Overdetermined structure - Takes material from space and time - Carries out implications and potential political charge -No specified agenda
Pseudomonologue • highlighting a sense of equity between discussants and preestablished sequence of exchange • highly formalized institutional context • an evidentiary witness and visible absence of filmmaker • spread thoughts , impressions, feelings and memories • it can work to acknowledge the hierarchical difference