The Neolithic Age
Before: Paleolithic Age ● Time frame: ● Nickname: ● 2. 6 million to 10, 000 years ago ● Old Stone Age ● Dwellings: ● Caves, huts, skin tents ● Lifestyle: ● Nomadic ● Tools: ● Chipped stone, wooden weapons ● Food: ● Whatever could be hunted and/or gathered
Agricultural Revolution: The shift from food gathering to food producing.
Agricultural Revolution? ● What kind of changes could producing crops make on society?
SOL WHI. 2 c The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution by: c)describing technological and social advancements that gave rise to stable communities. 1. Essential question: how did the beginning of agriculture and the domestication of animals promote the rise of settled communities? 2. Societies during the Neolithic Era (New Stone Age): (a) developed agriculture (domesticated plants) (b) domesticated animals (c) used advanced tools (d) made pottery (e) developed weaving skills
After: The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution ● 10, 000 B. C. E. – 3, 000 B. C. E. ● Also known as New Stone Age or (vocab) the Neolithic Age ● Change from nomadic lifestyle to settled farming life ● People could stay in one place and still have food. ● Farming villages emerge
The Neolithic Age Characteristics of societies during the Neolithic or New Stone Age: Neolithic Agricultural Revolution 1. Developed farming (domesticated plants) 2. Domesticated (tamed) animals 3. Used advanced tools of stone, wood, and animal bone 4. Sharpened tools by polishing and grinding 5. Lived in permanent settlements 6. Made pottery and developed weaving skills
Result of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution ● Major shift in lifestyle from hunter-gatherer to farmer ● Early settlements had a reliable source of water
Result of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution ● An increase in the food supply, or agricultural productivity, leads to an increase in the population. ● With a good location and a steady food supply, only some people had to farm while others could practice trades or provide services ● This is called division or specialization of labor ● Social classes begin to develop: rulers, priests, (nobles), farmers, slaves
Result of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution ● Permanent settlements lead to the rise of cities and the first civilizations (approx. 3500 B. C. )
Review ● This period of history before the invention of writing and events were recorded is known as Prehistory.
SOL WHI. 2 d The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution by: d) Explaining how archaeological discoveries are changing present-day knowledge of early peoples. 1. Essential Question: How does archaeology provide knowledge of early human life and its changes? 1. Essential Knowledge: Archaeologists study past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts. Archaeologists apply scientific tests, such as carbon dating, to analyze fossils and artifacts. • Stonehenge is an example of an archeological site in England that was begun in the Neolithic Age and completed during the Bronze Age. • Aleppo and Jericho are examples of cities in the Fertile Crescent studied by archaeologist. • Catalhoyak is an example of a Neolithic settlement currently under excavation in Anatolia.
What people think: Archaeology ● https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=_6 X-CLa. F 1 x. I
Stonehenge • Stonehenge is an archaeological site located in England. • It was begun during the Neolithic Era and completed during the Bronze Age.
Jericho and Aleppo 2. Jericho and Aleppo are two of the first cities to develop and examples of early cities in the Fertile Crescent studied by archaeologists.
SOL WHI. 2 d 3. Catalhoyuk is an example of a Neolithic settlement currently under excavation in Anatolia, which is present-day Turkey. a. site or an archaeological dig conducted by archaeologists b. Archaeologist- scientist who studies past cultures by examining their remains, such as graves and artifacts, or human-made objects (tools, weapons, jewelry, pottery, etc. )
Looking ahead: Human Ages • • • Approximate dates of Early Human Ages: Paleolithic: 2. 5 million B. C. to 8000 B. C. Neolithic: 8000 B. C. to 3000 B. C. Bronze Age: 4000 B. C. to 1000 B. C. Iron Age: approximately 1000 B. C. Agriculture (farming) began approximately 8000 B. C.