The Medieval Church Christianity Pope helped spread Christianity

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The Medieval Church

The Medieval Church

Christianity • Pope helped spread Christianity • Sent missionaries, – people who try to

Christianity • Pope helped spread Christianity • Sent missionaries, – people who try to convert others to a new religion • Some missionaries traveled great distances to spread Christianity.

Saint Patrick • Priest, Missionary • Traveled alone to Ireland, 400 s • taught

Saint Patrick • Priest, Missionary • Traveled alone to Ireland, 400 s • taught Christianity • converted Irish

Monks • Word means “alone” • Religious men who devoted their lives to God

Monks • Word means “alone” • Religious men who devoted their lives to God and avoid sin • Lived in monasteries – Isolated communities • Lived the Monastic life for many reasons – Escape war, avoid sin, education, better serve Christians • Monasteries were found all over Europe

 • Take the sacrament of Religious orders- a person dedicated to prayer and

• Take the sacrament of Religious orders- a person dedicated to prayer and bound by vows (follow rules) • Dedicate themselves to religion and follow common rules • Vowed to: – Remain a monk/nun until death – Poverty – Chastity – Obedience (to the church) – Never marry – No worldly possessions

St. Benedict • Developed monasticism – in which a person fully devote one's life

St. Benedict • Developed monasticism – in which a person fully devote one's life to spiritual work • Followers called Benedictine Monks • Organized his monastery according Benedictin Rule – Work, study, prayer • Became model for all Monastic life

 • 2: 30 am Wake up • 3 am Prayed with • 2

• 2: 30 am Wake up • 3 am Prayed with • 2 pm eat daily meal Singing • 245 pm work • 5 am Studied • 415 pm prayers • 6 am prayers • 615 pm prayers • 7: 30 am Studied • 7 pm Bed • 8 am Mass • 945 am worked in garden or workshops • 12 pm prayers Daily Life

Monasteries • Contained a Scriptorium, Refectory, dormitory, Church • Collected Ancient writings from Greece/Rome.

Monasteries • Contained a Scriptorium, Refectory, dormitory, Church • Collected Ancient writings from Greece/Rome. • Self-sufficient communities – Cooked, Build, Raised their own livestock, sewed own clothes • Produced cheese, beer, wine as a source of income • Some were hospitals, sheltered homeless and travelers

New religious orders • Order: an organization of people united by a social goal

New religious orders • Order: an organization of people united by a social goal • New order of monks developed 1200 s • Friars- Wandering monks, helped common people directly • Helped poor, built schools and churches

St. Francis of Assisi • Italian born 1181 • Gave up wealth • Wandering

St. Francis of Assisi • Italian born 1181 • Gave up wealth • Wandering monk • Began the new order of monks Franciscans Friars –Dedicated to the poorest people

St. Dominic • Began another order of Friars called Dominicans • Devoted to education

St. Dominic • Began another order of Friars called Dominicans • Devoted to education • Believed education made better Christians • Built schools • Teachers

Universities • Created by churches and students 1110 s • Teachers were clergy •

Universities • Created by churches and students 1110 s • Teachers were clergy • Taught religion, math, law, medicine in Latin (language) • Many of our customs from here (wearing caps and gowns, class schedules, classrooms) • New ideas developed that will lead to changes in society

St. Thomas Aquinas • • Born in Italy Dominican Friar Famous Teacher at University

St. Thomas Aquinas • • Born in Italy Dominican Friar Famous Teacher at University of Paris Wrote Summa Theologica – Argued that science and religion are related – argued that science can be used to prove that God existed.

The Church and Art • Religion influenced art and architecture • Church’s were Art

The Church and Art • Religion influenced art and architecture • Church’s were Art • In 1100 s Cathedrals built Gothic style • Symbol of faith

Religion in Medieval Europe: Cathedrals

Religion in Medieval Europe: Cathedrals

Church Art: illuminated manuscripts • An illuminated manuscript is a book written and decorated

Church Art: illuminated manuscripts • An illuminated manuscript is a book written and decorated by hand • written and decorated on parchment, a type of animal skin • Talented monks copied books by hand • Bibles, prayer books, ancient texts • Works of art

 • Detailed letters, and pictures were illuminated with gold leaf • Monks preserved

• Detailed letters, and pictures were illuminated with gold leaf • Monks preserved religious and ancient books • Church also preserved the Latin Language

Video clip: Medieval Manuscripts

Video clip: Medieval Manuscripts

Activity: • Worksheet: Christianity during the middle ages (Caldwell) • The Christian church drawings

Activity: • Worksheet: Christianity during the middle ages (Caldwell) • The Christian church drawings • Ppt: medieval cathedrals

PPT Cathedrals of Europe

PPT Cathedrals of Europe

Read pages: 269 -275 • Fill worksheet: The Characteristics of Life in a Monastery

Read pages: 269 -275 • Fill worksheet: The Characteristics of Life in a Monastery and questions

Finish Working on Illuminated letter or logic problem

Finish Working on Illuminated letter or logic problem