The Internet 2 Project Heather Boyles heatherinternet 2

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The Internet 2 Project Heather Boyles heather@internet 2. edu NCTT Technology Transfer Conference Springfield,

The Internet 2 Project Heather Boyles [email protected] 2. edu NCTT Technology Transfer Conference Springfield, MA April 8, 1999

Overview 8 History 8 Goals 8 Members 8 Applications 8 Engineering 8 Architecture 8

Overview 8 History 8 Goals 8 Members 8 Applications 8 Engineering 8 Architecture 8 Abilene 8 Technology Transfer

History 8 ARPAnet origins 81987 -- NSFnet • Privatization in 1995 8 Higher ed

History 8 ARPAnet origins 81987 -- NSFnet • Privatization in 1995 8 Higher ed planning in 1995/1996 • Are our research and education needs being met by today’s internet?

History of Internet 2 8 September 1995: Monterey Futures Conference 8 August 1996: Cheyenne

History of Internet 2 8 September 1995: Monterey Futures Conference 8 August 1996: Cheyenne Mountain Workshop 8 October 1996: Internet 2 Project formed 8 January 1997: First Internet 2 Member Meeting 8 October 1997: UCAID formed 8 April 1998: Abilene Project Announced 8 September 1998: Middleware Initiative Announced 8 January 1999: Abilene in Production

Commercialization 21 st Century Networking Privatization Sprint. Link Internet. MCI ARPAnet Active Nets wireless

Commercialization 21 st Century Networking Privatization Sprint. Link Internet. MCI ARPAnet Active Nets wireless WDM gigabit testbeds Research and Development US Govt Networks ANS Interoperable High Performance Research &Education Networks NSFNET Quality of Service (Qo. S) Internet 2, Abilene, v. BNS Advanced US Govt Networks Partnerships

Internet 2 Project Goals 8 Enable new generation of applications 8 Re-create leading edge

Internet 2 Project Goals 8 Enable new generation of applications 8 Re-create leading edge R&E network capability 8 Transfer capability to the global production Internet

Internet 2 Universities 146 Members as of March 1999 University of Puerto Rico not

Internet 2 Universities 146 Members as of March 1999 University of Puerto Rico not shown

Internet 2 Corporate Partners 83 Com 8 Advanced Network & Services 8 Ameritech 8

Internet 2 Corporate Partners 83 Com 8 Advanced Network & Services 8 Ameritech 8 AT&T 8 Cabletron Systems 8 Cisco Systems 8 FORE Systems 8 IBM 8 ITC^Deltacom 8 Lucent Technologies 8 MCI Worldcom 8 Newbridge Networks 8 Nortel Networks 8 Packet Engines 8 Qwest Communications 8 Sprint 8 Star. Burst Communications

Internet 2 Corporate Sponsors 8 Bell South 8 SBC Technology Resources 8 Storage. Tek

Internet 2 Corporate Sponsors 8 Bell South 8 SBC Technology Resources 8 Storage. Tek 8 Torrent Networking Technologies

Internet 2 Corporate Members 8 Alcatel Telecom 8 Apple Computers, Inc. 8 Applied. Theory

Internet 2 Corporate Members 8 Alcatel Telecom 8 Apple Computers, Inc. 8 Applied. Theory Communications Inc. 8 Bell Atlantic 8 Bellcore 8 British Telecommunications 8 Compaq 8 Deutsche Telekom 8 Fujitsu Laboratories of America 8 GTE Internetworking 8 Hitachi 8 IXC Communications Inc. 8 KDD 8 Litton Network Access Systems 8 Nexabit Networks 8 Nippon Telephone and Telegraph (NTT) 8 Nokia Research Center 8 Novell 8 Pacific Bell Project Oxygen, Ltd. 8 RR Donnelley and Sons Company 8 Siemens 8 Sun Microsystems 8 Sylvan Learning Systems, Inc. 8 Tele. Beam Inc. 8 Teleglobe 8 Trans. Media Communications 8 Williams Communications Group 8 World. Port Communications Inc.

Advanced Internet Benefits 8 Richer content through higher bandwidth • Video, audio • Virtual

Advanced Internet Benefits 8 Richer content through higher bandwidth • Video, audio • Virtual reality • Dynamic not static 8 More interactivity via minimal delay 8 Reliable content delivery through quality of service model

Applications and Engineering Applications Motivate Enables Engineering

Applications and Engineering Applications Motivate Enables Engineering

Internet 2 Applications “Enable new generation of applications” 8 Deliver qualitative and quantitative improvements

Internet 2 Applications “Enable new generation of applications” 8 Deliver qualitative and quantitative improvements in the conduct of: • Research • Teaching • Learning 8 Require advanced networking

Many Disciplines and Contexts 8 Sciences 8 Arts 8 Humanities 8 Health care 8

Many Disciplines and Contexts 8 Sciences 8 Arts 8 Humanities 8 Health care 8 Business/Law 8 Administration 8… 8 Instruction 8 Collaboration 8 Streaming video 8 Distributed computation 8 Data mining 8 Virtual reality 8 Digital libraries 8…

Virtual Laboratories 8 Interactive research and instruction 8 Real-time access to remote scientific instruments

Virtual Laboratories 8 Interactive research and instruction 8 Real-time access to remote scientific instruments Images courtesy of the University of Michigan

Virtual Laboratories 8 Real-time access to remote instruments 8 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Supercomputing

Virtual Laboratories 8 Real-time access to remote instruments 8 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center 3 -D Brain Mapping

Digital Libraries 8 Video and audio 8 Indiana University Variations Project

Digital Libraries 8 Video and audio 8 Indiana University Variations Project

Distributed Computation 8 Multi-site databases 8 Old Dominion University Chesapeake Bay Simulation Image courtesy

Distributed Computation 8 Multi-site databases 8 Old Dominion University Chesapeake Bay Simulation Image courtesy of Old Dominion University

Distributed Computation 8 Large-scale computation 8 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Image courtesy of

Distributed Computation 8 Large-scale computation 8 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Image courtesy of UCAR

Teleimmersion 8 Shared virtual reality 8 University of Illinois at Chicago Virtual Temporal Bone

Teleimmersion 8 Shared virtual reality 8 University of Illinois at Chicago Virtual Temporal Bone Images courtesy Univ of Illinois. Chicago

Middleware Initiative 8 Objective: a “Services Rich” Network Environment 8 Functional services available to

Middleware Initiative 8 Objective: a “Services Rich” Network Environment 8 Functional services available to users and developers • Enabling new collaborations and applications • Supported as production quality • An integrated framework 8 Scaled to the size of the research and education community

Applications: Horizontal, Vertical, Spot Solutions Standard APIs Middleware: Security, Directory, Quality of Service, Audio/Video

Applications: Horizontal, Vertical, Spot Solutions Standard APIs Middleware: Security, Directory, Quality of Service, Audio/Video Frameworks, Accounting, Collaboration Frameworks, Multicast Standard APIs Operating system and network services Interoperable Protocols

Technology Scope 8 Qo. S 8 Digital video/audio 8 Security 8 Collaboration 8 Directories

Technology Scope 8 Qo. S 8 Digital video/audio 8 Security 8 Collaboration 8 Directories 8 Multicast 8 File systems 8 Measurement 8 Remote instruments 8 IMS 8 Transaction systems 8 Meta-computing 8 Management 8 IP telephony 8 Accounting/billing 8 E-commerce 8 Object brokers 8 Search mechanisms 8 Printing

Engineering Objectives “Re-create leading edge R&E network capability” 8 It’s about end-to-end, to-the-desktop services

Engineering Objectives “Re-create leading edge R&E network capability” 8 It’s about end-to-end, to-the-desktop services • campus infrastructure • gigapop infrastructure • inter-gigapop infrastructure 8 Establish quality of service (Qo. S) 8 Support native multicast

Network Architecture Giga. Po. P One Giga. Po. P Two I 2 Interconnect Cloud

Network Architecture Giga. Po. P One Giga. Po. P Two I 2 Interconnect Cloud Giga. Po. P Three Giga. Po. P Four “Gigabit capacity point of presence” an aggregation point for regional connectivity

Giga. Po. Ps, cont. University A I 2 Interconnect Cloud E. g. v. BNS,

Giga. Po. Ps, cont. University A I 2 Interconnect Cloud E. g. v. BNS, Abilene Giga. Po. P One Regional Network University B University C Commodity Internet Connections

Internet 2 Giga. Po. Ps

Internet 2 Giga. Po. Ps

Abilene Project 8 Provide advanced network testbed 8 Support Internet 2 applications development 8

Abilene Project 8 Provide advanced network testbed 8 Support Internet 2 applications development 8 Demonstrate next generation operational and quality of service capabilities 8 Create facilities for network research

Abilene Network February 1999 Seattle NGIX North Startap New York NGIX West Sacramento Chicago

Abilene Network February 1999 Seattle NGIX North Startap New York NGIX West Sacramento Chicago Denver Kansas City Cleveland D. C. Indianapolis Los Angeles Atlanta Peering Point Abilene Router Node Operational January 1999 Planned 1999 Houston NGIX East

Abilene Characteristics 82. 4 Gbps (OC 48) among giga. Po. Ps, increasing to 9.

Abilene Characteristics 82. 4 Gbps (OC 48) among giga. Po. Ps, increasing to 9. 6 Gbps (OC 192) 8 Connections at 622 Mbps (OC 12) or 155 Mbps (OC 3) 8 IP over Sonet technology 8 Access Po. Ps very close to almost all of the anticipated university giga. Po. Ps

For UCAID Members 8 Involvement in the decisions 8 Responsive to continuing needs 8

For UCAID Members 8 Involvement in the decisions 8 Responsive to continuing needs 8 Driven by member research 8 Potential for increasing connectivity for all UCAID university members wanting to participate in Research Goals.

Now I know what it is -- but why should I care? “Transfer capability

Now I know what it is -- but why should I care? “Transfer capability to the global production Internet” 8“Coming Soon!” 8 Technology Transfer • Regional community role • Industry role

Internet 2 <--> NGI Relationship 8 Similar technical objectives 8 Focused on different, but

Internet 2 <--> NGI Relationship 8 Similar technical objectives 8 Focused on different, but complementary communities • NGI: Federal Mission agencies • UCAID/Internet 2: university research and education community 8 Working to interconnect, make interoperable federal research networks and Abilene

Internet 2 International Collaborations 8 Building peer to peer relationships 8 Looking for similar

Internet 2 International Collaborations 8 Building peer to peer relationships 8 Looking for similar goals/objectives and similar constituencies 8 Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding 8 Signed: CANARIE, Stichting SURF, NORDUnet 8 In process: TERENA, Sing. AREN, JAIRC, APAN and others

More Information 8 Me: Heather Boyles • heather@internet 2. edu • +1 202 331

More Information 8 Me: Heather Boyles • [email protected] 2. edu • +1 202 331 5342 8 Internet 2 • www. internet 2. edu