- Slides: 22
THE INNER AND OUTER PLANETS
The Inner Planets Terrestrial High temperatures Closer to the Sun Closer to each other
Mercury Closest to the Sun Only 88 days to orbit Many craters Temperature extremes 400 C during day, -180 at night Basically no atmosphere
Mercury is not the hottest planet even though it is the closest to the Sun
Venus Earth’s sister planet Morning and evening star Thick atmosphere of CO 2 and Sulfur Longer day than year Spins opposite than other planets Over 500 C all the time Hottest planet in solar system
Venus The atmosphere of Venus contains a high percentage of carbon dioxide that holds heat in the planet's atmosphere. The atmosphere of Venus is made of thick clouds of sulfuric acid and carbon dioxide, which makes it very hot.
Earth Home sweet home Only planet with sustained life Hydrosphere (water) Atmosphere made up of N, O, CO 2 Comfy temps
Earth has fewer craters than other terrestrial planets because of its atmosphere (upper) which destroys meteorites.
Mars Frozen polar CO 2 caps Smaller than Earth Slightly longer day and year Very cold Largest mountain in solar system Olympus Mons Thin atmosphere
Mars has frozen polar ice caps and is known as the most like Earth.
Asteroid Belt Separates the inner and outer planets Possibly an annihilated planet Most asteroids hang out here
Outer Planets Gas giants No solid surface, just thick atmosphere All very large Very far apart from each other All have rings
Jupiter Could hold 1300 Earths Almost big enough to be a star 12 EY = 1 Jovian year 1 Jovian day = 12 EH Huge storms Great red spot “hurricane” larger than Earth Some moons may have water
Jupiter is largest planet in the solar system. Jupiter can fit all of the other planets inside this gas giant and there would still be space left over.
Saturn 29 years to orbit Large rings made of ice and dust 10 hour day Possibly still forming Tilts itself
Saturn is known for its’ rings and is the least dense planet. It would float in a swimming pool if we had one big enough to put this planet into.
Uranus Blue in color due to methane gas 84 years to orbit Rotates sideways Very cold -250 C
Uranus also has rings, but lies on its side so the rings go around it vertically.
Neptune Methane atomosphere 164 years to orbit -250 c temps 30 times farther from the sun than Earth
Neptune is blue because it is mostly made of a gas called methane
Pluto is a draft planet, because of its size and irregular orbit.