- Slides: 11
The Great Gatsby Chapter Four
Summary � Gatsby visits Nick’s hose for the first time, and talks of his wartime experiences. � They travel into New York, where Gatsby introduces Nick to Meyer Wolfshiem. � Later, Jordan tells Nick about Daisy’s past, her brief love affair with Gatsby, and her subsequent marriage to Tom.
Point of View � Much of the chapter is concerned with how the point of view of the teller modifies the character of the account. � Gatsby comments that Jordan Baker would ‘never do anything that wasn’t all right’. � Yet in the previous chapter, Nick has characterised her by her dishonesty.
Meyer Wolfshiem �A criminal associate of Gatsby � His narrative recounts the violent death of Rosy Rosenthal. � This follows Gatsby’s account of his own history. � This allows Fitzgerald to present Gatsby as the heroic soldier and as the innocent lover, while hinting at his corruption.
Meyer Wolfshiem �A gambler who fixed the 1919 World Series baseball tournament. � Based on a real-life event: in 1919 the Chicago White Sox baseball team were bribed to allow the Cincinnati Reds to win the World Series. � This highlights the corrupting influence money has had on American life.
Nick’s Scepticism � He has doubts concerning Gatsby’s on version of his story. � It ‘was like skimming hastily through a dozen magazines’. � At this time in American history, illustrated magazines promoted society gossip and helped create Hollywood legends, while also serving the requirements of modern advertising. � Nick is suggesting that although an image of Gatsby’s past has become visible, the reality behind it is far from distinct.
American Ideals � The Founding Fathers of modern America signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. � They were adamant that it was to be a peaceful nation. � Ironically, the success of Major Gatsby, promoted while serving in a European was, is further evidence of the failure of fundamental American ideals.
Daisy’s Past � Her name before marriage was Daisy Fay � Fay is an old English word for fairy. � This is appropriate because, in Gatsby’s eyes, Daisy appears to be an inhabitant of an enchanted world. � Daisy suggests something delicate. However, there are suggestions that Daisy is tough and unfeeling.
Gatsby’s Love for Daisy � In 1917, he was a young lieutenant in a relationship with Daisy. � He was sent overseas, and was promoted to major. � During this time, Daisy married Tom.
Gatsby’s Love for Daisy � Understanding Gatsby’s love for Daisy, transforms him into another person in Nick’s eyes. � ‘He came alive to me, delivered suddenly from the womb of his purposeless splendour’. � Gatsby is no longer the flashy character he had taken him for, showy with no purpose other than showiness.
Nick and Jordan � Jordan is just twenty-one, but is characterised by cynicism. � Nick’s involvement with her develops during this chapter. � He presents himself as cold and detached, but he holds and kisses Jordan Baker. � Fitzgerald contrasts the reality of an attachment of someone who is materially there for Nick with Gatsby’s elevated passion for an idealised and distant object of desire.