- Slides: 21
The Five Themes of Geography
geography The study of Earth
1 -What two questions do geographers ask when studying the Earth? 1 -Where are things on Earth located? 2 -Why are those things there?
2 -List the Five Themes of Geography 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Location Regions Place Movement Human-Environment Interaction
3 -Why do Geographers Study Location? To find out where a place is located Geographers use both cardinal and intermediate directions to describe location.
cardinal directions north south east west
intermediate directions write this down northeast northwest southeast southwest
4 -What are the two special measurements of Earth used to describe location? 1. Latitude 2. Longitude
5 -What is the name of the line of latitude that is located 0 degrees of latitude? n The Equator
6 -What is the name of the line of longitude that marks 0 degrees of longitude? n The Prime Meridian
7 -Which way of describing location is being used when a geographer explains that a river is located 250 miles north of San Antonio? n Relative Location
latitude The distance north or south of Earth's equator, measured in units called degrees
parallel A line of latitude
longitud e The distance east or west of the Prime Meridian [0 longitude, Greenwich, England], measured in units called degrees
meridian A line of longitude
hemisphere Halves of the Earth: northern/southern or eastern/western
8 -Why is the study of the following 4 themes important to geographers? n n Regions Place Movement Human-Environment Interaction
Regions n Geographers use Regions to group places that have something in common. n A region has a unifying human or physical features such as: q q population history climate landforms
PLACE Geographers use Place to describe the features of a location that make it unique. Place includes the human and physical features of a specific location.
MOVEMENT n Geographers use Movement to explain how people, goods and ideas move from one place to another.
Human-Environment Interaction n Geographers use Human-Environment Interaction to learn how people affect their environment and how their environment affects them.