- Slides: 21
The Five Themes of Geography A Framework for Studying the World North Carolina Geographic Alliance Power. Point Presentations from 2007 Some additions by Joe Naumann, 2016
Theme 1: Location • Where is It? • Why is It There? Two Types of Location • Absolute • Relative
Absolute Location • • A specific place on the Earth’s surface Uses a grid system Latitude and longitude A global address
North Carolina Absolute Location • North Carolina 36° N Latitude 79° W longitude • Chapel Hill 35° 55' N Latitude 79° 05' W Longitude
Relative Location • Where a place is in relation to other places and distinctive features like monuments, distinctive architecture, and special signs. • Uses directional words to describe – Cardinal and intermediate directions like go north or turn left.
North Carolina • North Carolina is bordered by Virginia on the north, South Carolina and Georgia on the south, and Tennessee on the west. • The Atlantic Ocean forms North Carolina's east coast. • North Carolina is one of the Southeastern States
What about a street address with a zip code? • 12 St. Daniel Court, • Florissant, MO • 63031 Well, it isn’t as precise as latitude and longitude; however, it isn’t expressed in relation to any landmarks or directions. So. . . It comes closer to being absolute location; It does limit it to a particular state, town, city, zipcode, and street name and house number. That is rather absolute.
Theme 2: Place Physical Characteristics • Land Features • Mountains, plains, and plateaus • Climate • Bodies of Water
North Carolina: Physical Characteristics Photos above: Steve Pierce http: //www. wetmaap. org/Cape_Hatteras/ch_tm_2. html
Theme 2: Place Distinctive Human Characteristics • Cultural – – People – features & dress Language Religious expression Style of Buildings, Landmarks, and Artifacts – Cities: particularly the layout and placement of features
North Carolina: Human Characteristics http: //www. rivinus. com/camerastuff/charlotte_nc. htm National Geographic Magazine Top right: http: //graphics. fansonly. com/photos/schools/unc/nonsport/school-bio/unc-oldwell 2 -lg. jpg
Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction http: //www. fotosearch. com/comp/corbis/DGT 119/BAG 0017. jpg How People Function Within Their Environment People. . . Depend on Their Environment so The: • Adapt to Their Environment – Wear a coat in cold weather • Alter or Modify Their Environment – Connect two rivers with a canal
North Carolina: Human Environment Interaction These are mostly pictures of alteration of the environment. http: //aam. wcu. edu/grant/images/Fontana%20 Dam%20 Shirley. jpg http: //www. dukemagazine. duke. edu/dukemag/issues/091002/images/mallc. jpg http: //www. ee. duke. edu/~sag 8/Duke/02 -03/Pi. KA/Fall%20 Break/Fall_Break_02. htm
Theme 4: Movement The transfer or people, objects, energy, or information from one location to another. The Mobility of • People • Goods • Ideas How Places are linked to one another and the world Material Movement: transfer of people, animals, or objects Non-material Movement: transfer of ideas, information, energy, etc.
North Carolina: Material Movement http: //www. marad. dot. gov/Gallery/Morehead. City/pages/Ming%20 Europe. htm http: //www. evertize. com/land/images/I-40 -64%20 interchange. JPG
Theme 5: Regions – Formal and Functional Formal regions have one or more common features. • Political Regions • Landform Regions • Agricultural Regions • Cultural Regions • Lantuage Regions
Functional Regions Outlying locations have a relationship with a central focus or provider. Example: in the late 19 th century, coal companies influenced government and economy in the area around the mine. Example: the hinterland of a city or the service area of a utility company. A school district A sewer or water district The circulation area of a newspaper Etc.
North Carolina: Formal Regions Steve Pierce http: //home. neo. rr. com/rodsphotogallery/Natural. Wonders/Sea. Sand/Images/Jockeys. Ridge. jpg http: //www. ncbbi. org/images/piedmont-nc-heartland-golf. jpg http: //www. homestead. com/pncfa/files/piedmontmap. jpg http: //www. shorebirdworld. org/fromthefield/Images/Hatteras%20 Light. JPG
Functional Regions Hinterlands