The Five Pillars - Sawm 2/22/2021 • Learning objectives: To understand the importance of Sawm to Muslims Starter: Make a list of everything you ate or drank yesterday (during daylight hours!) Keywords: Sawm Ramadan
What is Ramadan? Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and a time when Muslims across the world will fast during the hours of daylight. https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=q. FU 9 C b 0 D 6 lo&index=19&list=PLcv. Ecrs. F_9 z. Jx. D HG 9 Jtc. Cmi. Agw. VFRW 3 u. K
What does it celebrate? The time when the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to Muhammad (pbuh). This time begins on the night the first verses were revealed, a night known as 'The Night of Power which falls within the last 10 days of the month. ’
What do Muslims do during Ramadan? Ramadan is a time for spiritual reflection, prayer, reading the Qur’an, doing good deeds and spending time with family and friends. The fasting helps teach Muslims self-discipline, selfrestraint and generosity. It also reminds them of the suffering of the poor.
How does it end? Each day it is common to have one meal just before sunrise and another, directly after sunset. Because Ramadan is a time to spend with friends and family, the fast will often be broken by different Muslim families coming together to share in an evening meal. At the end of the month a big celebration takes place known as 'Eid-ul-Fitr', the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast. During this celebration Muslims dress in their finest clothes, give gifts to children and spend time with their friends and family.
Tasks: In sentences: 1. What is Ramadan? 2. What do Muslims do during Ramadan? 3. Complete the following table showing the problems Muslims might face during Ramadan. Problem How others could show understanding 4. Which people do not have to fast? Choose one of the following: Imagine that you are 12 year old Muslim. Write a letter to a non Muslim friend explaining what Ramadan is all about, and why you are looking forward to your 1 st Ramadan. Design a card to send to someone congratulating them on his or her first successful Ramadan. Include on your card the things you think they will have gained from Ramadan.