THE ENGINEERED FLOODPLAIN BENCH Conceptually for an incised

  • Slides: 51
Download presentation
THE ENGINEERED FLOODPLAIN BENCH

THE ENGINEERED FLOODPLAIN BENCH

Conceptually, for an incised system you can: raise the stream, lower the floodplain, or

Conceptually, for an incised system you can: raise the stream, lower the floodplain, or a little of both Lower either one or both banks of the floodplain Or, construct bankfull floodplain benches on either one or both banks

Some designs are very complex, here is a threestage channel Mini floodplain bench active

Some designs are very complex, here is a threestage channel Mini floodplain bench active channel Wet meadow Floodplain bench elevation at height of channel forming discharge

NARROW FLOODPLAIN BENCH ON THE OTTAWA RIVER, OTTAWA HILLS, OHIO

NARROW FLOODPLAIN BENCH ON THE OTTAWA RIVER, OTTAWA HILLS, OHIO

Mini floodplain bench

Mini floodplain bench

Looking DS on the Ottawa River, OH, (sand-gravel, less than 1% slope, urban, pool-riffle-pool)

Looking DS on the Ottawa River, OH, (sand-gravel, less than 1% slope, urban, pool-riffle-pool) note slower water within the veg along left bank, Ottawa River, Ottawa Hills, OH River thalweg delineated by bubble trails

Looking DS, close-up shot Ottawa River, note drag from plants vectoring thalweg away from

Looking DS, close-up shot Ottawa River, note drag from plants vectoring thalweg away from the bank (second black arrow) Dense plants on narrow floodplain bench effectively reducing nearbank flood velocities!!

Looking DS @ narrow Ottawa River floodplain bench @ low flow. Derrick-7/26/2007

Looking DS @ narrow Ottawa River floodplain bench @ low flow. Derrick-7/26/2007

HAW CREEK, PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI-TRIB TO SALT RIVER ERODING STREAM THREATENING COUNTY ROAD #107,

HAW CREEK, PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI-TRIB TO SALT RIVER ERODING STREAM THREATENING COUNTY ROAD #107, FOURTEEN FT TALL ERODING BANK WITHIN 4 FT OF THE ROAD, PROJECT CONSTRUCTED IN 1 DAY, MARCH 10, 2009 BY PIKE COUNTY PUBLIC WORKS DEPT, La. DON ATKINSON, ROAD SUPERVISOR

HAW CREEK GENERAL INFORMATION w Bank erosion is threatening county road, threatening public safety

HAW CREEK GENERAL INFORMATION w Bank erosion is threatening county road, threatening public safety w Stream wildly meandering in response to historic straightening w Decent riparian areas in places w Bed material: gravel-sand. Channel is incised w Pool-riffle-pool regime, slope less than 1% w Average width 30 -40 ft, 14 ft tall banks w Funding, equipment, and manpower provided by Pike County, MO

PRE-PROJECT PHOTOS by JAYNIE DOERR, REGULATORY, ST. LOUIS DISTRICT FEBRUARY 25, 2009

PRE-PROJECT PHOTOS by JAYNIE DOERR, REGULATORY, ST. LOUIS DISTRICT FEBRUARY 25, 2009

Looking DS @ the lower end of the project bend. The last two trees

Looking DS @ the lower end of the project bend. The last two trees undercut & fell in water PRE-PROJECT - HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY MO. PIX BY JAYNIE DOERR 2 -25 -09

Looking US @ the project bend. Road is 4 ft from 14 ft tall

Looking US @ the project bend. Road is 4 ft from 14 ft tall eroding bank. PRE-PROJECT - HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY MO. PIX BY JAYNIE DOERR 2 -25 -09

QUESTIONABLE STONE Stone used for keys & LPSTP was a sub-standard shot rock of

QUESTIONABLE STONE Stone used for keys & LPSTP was a sub-standard shot rock of questionable hardness. The amount of fine material was close to 20 -30%. This was a self-filtering stone (too many fines), but not well-graded, & not self-adjusting.

Stone is not well-graded & too many fines. The stone is selffiltering, but not

Stone is not well-graded & too many fines. The stone is selffiltering, but not self-adjusting, but only $4. 70/ton delivered. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

STONE COSTS However, the stone was extremely inexpensive. The 432 tons of rock used

STONE COSTS However, the stone was extremely inexpensive. The 432 tons of rock used in the project, at $4. 70 per ton (delivered) total cost of stone = $2032. Very cost effective for what was accomplished. Almost like we paid for hauling & they threw in the stone for free!!

HAW CREEK METHODS EMPLOYED w 110 ft of Longitudinal Peaked Stone Toe Protection (LPSTP),

HAW CREEK METHODS EMPLOYED w 110 ft of Longitudinal Peaked Stone Toe Protection (LPSTP), crest built to 4 ft above the base flow water surface elevation w Locked Logs w A vegetated floodplain bench, planted on a grid w Live Siltation w Live Willow Pole Plantings w Living Dikes w Single-Stone & Short Bendway Weirs w Vegetated & curved upstream key, straight DS key w After the fact Joint Planting in DS riprap bank

We will construct from upstream (US) to downstream (DS)

We will construct from upstream (US) to downstream (DS)

LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP)

LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP)

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Stream channel Top bank Eroding bank Road

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Stream channel Top bank Eroding bank Road

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Two fallen trees were angled downstream 30

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Two fallen trees were angled downstream 30 degrees from the bank with the root wads upstream against the eroding bank Road

LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION {LPSTP} w Description: A continuous stone dike placed longitudinally

LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION {LPSTP} w Description: A continuous stone dike placed longitudinally at, or slightly streamward of, the toe of the eroding bank. Cross-section is triangular. The LPSTP does not necessarily follow the toe exactly, but can be placed to form a "smoothed" alignment through the bend. Smoothed alignment might not be desirable from the environmental or energy dissipation points of view. Amount of stone used (2 tons/linear ft, 1 ton/ft, or less) depends on depth of scour at the toe, estimated stream forces (impinging flow) on the bank, and flood durations and stages. w Tie-backs are short dikes connecting the LPSTP to the bank at regular intervals. Tie-backs are usually the same height as the LPSTP or elevated slightly toward the bank end, and are keyed into the bank. If tie-backs are long they should be angled upstream to act as Bendway Weirs.

As-built Longitudinal Peaked Stone Toe Protection (LPSTP) After a high flow event stream has

As-built Longitudinal Peaked Stone Toe Protection (LPSTP) After a high flow event stream has scoured at the toe & some LPSTP stone has self-adjusted (armored the scour hole)

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Locked Logs are then “locked” under the

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Locked Logs are then “locked” under the Longitudinal Peaked Stone Toe Protection (LPSTP). Road

Looking US. LPSTP crest is 4 ft above base flow stage CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY,

Looking US. LPSTP crest is 4 ft above base flow stage CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Tree or shrub poles (called Live Siltation)

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Tree or shrub poles (called Live Siltation) installed on top of LPSTP Live poles laid against eroded bank Road Willow, dogwood, river birch poles can then be laid on the stone and up against the bank. Basal ends should be in vadose zone (capillary zone). Willow only used on this project.

Looking US. Class laying willow poles against eroding bank. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX

Looking US. Class laying willow poles against eroding bank. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Backfill material from point bar forms a

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) Backfill material from point bar forms a floodplain bench at the Q-2 flood elevation Road

Looking DS. Backfilling between LPSTP & bank to form floodplain bench @ the Q-2

Looking DS. Backfilling between LPSTP & bank to form floodplain bench @ the Q-2 elevation. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

Looking US. Installing Living Dikes perpendicular to high flow, Live Siltation & Live Poles

Looking US. Installing Living Dikes perpendicular to high flow, Live Siltation & Live Poles are parallel with the stream. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) At intervals, install willow Living Dikes (densely

ENHANCED LONGITUDINAL PEAKED STONE TOE PROTECTION (LPSTP) At intervals, install willow Living Dikes (densely deep-planted adventitious poles aligned perpendicular to direction of high flow)

A Living Dike (perpendicular to high flow) on the floodplain bench. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY,

A Living Dike (perpendicular to high flow) on the floodplain bench. CONSTRUCTION-HAW CREEK-PIKE COUNTY, MO. PIX BY DERRICK 3 -10 -09

ne o t S e Singl y Weir wa d n e B Flo

ne o t S e Singl y Weir wa d n e B Flo w AERIAL VIEW OF ENHANCED LPSTP WITH A FLOODPLAIN BENCH WITH VEGETATION PLANTED ON A GRID PATTERN. ne o t S e Singl y Weir wa Bend Floodplain bench planted on a grid pattern Live Poles Live Siltation Living Dikesplants perpendicular to flow

PROJECT CONSTRUCTED IN 1 DAY, MARCH 10, 2009

PROJECT CONSTRUCTED IN 1 DAY, MARCH 10, 2009

4 MONTHS AFTER PROJECT COMPLETION Looking US to DS Photos by La. Don Atkinson

4 MONTHS AFTER PROJECT COMPLETION Looking US to DS Photos by La. Don Atkinson JULY 11, 2009

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ the project bend. 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ the project bend. 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ floodplain bench 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La.

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ floodplain bench 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ the thalweg trace, LPSTP, Bendway Weirs & the floodplain

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking DS @ the thalweg trace, LPSTP, Bendway Weirs & the floodplain bench. Great growth! 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

After 4 months, great growth from the 500 willows we planted! La. Don says

After 4 months, great growth from the 500 willows we planted! La. Don says the floodplain bench has about 6 inches of sediment deposition on it (eroding bank turned into a depositional feature).

4 MONTHS AFTER PROJECT COMPLETION Looking DS to US Photos by La. Don Atkinson

4 MONTHS AFTER PROJECT COMPLETION Looking DS to US Photos by La. Don Atkinson JULY 11, 2009

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ SSBW, LPSTP & Live Siltation 4 MONTHS LATER -

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ SSBW, LPSTP & Live Siltation 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ project & road 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ project & road 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ a Living Dike on the floodplain bench 4 MONTHS

4 MONTHS LATER-Looking US @ a Living Dike on the floodplain bench 4 MONTHS LATER - HAW CREEK–From La. Don Atkinson-7 -11 -09

Haw Creek Project (5 inch rain 48 hours prior to photos) September 20, 2010

Haw Creek Project (5 inch rain 48 hours prior to photos) September 20, 2010 Two Growing Seasons After Completion Photos By Rob Gramke, Regulatory, St. Louis District, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers

Looking upstream from the downstream end of the project March 2009 -bank 4 feet

Looking upstream from the downstream end of the project March 2009 -bank 4 feet from road Sep 2010 -notice how wide the shoulder appears now

Looking downstream March 2009 September 2010

Looking downstream March 2009 September 2010

Looking downstream from left descending bank. The vegetation has almost completely grown over the

Looking downstream from left descending bank. The vegetation has almost completely grown over the rock – Sept 2010

Rock toe & short Bendway Weirs

Rock toe & short Bendway Weirs

Locked log still in place

Locked log still in place

This Power. Point presentation was developed & built by Dave Derrick. Any questions or

This Power. Point presentation was developed & built by Dave Derrick. Any questions or comments, call my personal cell @ 601 -218 -7717, or email @ [email protected] 2 d-eng. com Enjoy the information!!

CLEOPHUS & PEYTON Bad dog & sneering baby

CLEOPHUS & PEYTON Bad dog & sneering baby