The Draft Larkspur General Plan Update Draft Health

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The Draft Larkspur General Plan Update: Draft Health & Safety Element Public Workshop April

The Draft Larkspur General Plan Update: Draft Health & Safety Element Public Workshop April 3, 2018

What is a General Plan? Why is it so important? § Serves as the

What is a General Plan? Why is it so important? § Serves as the City’s “Constitution” for future development. § Establishes goals, policies, and programs relating to the community’s physical development. § Goal: Broad objective, or “ideal future, ” based on community values and vision. § Policy: Specific course of action to implement goals. § Program: Specific procedure or action to carry out policy.

General Plan Mandated Elements Seven Elements: Larkspur’s Draft General Plan: 1) Circulation 2) Land

General Plan Mandated Elements Seven Elements: Larkspur’s Draft General Plan: 1) Circulation 2) Land Use 3) Housing 4) Conservation 4) Environmental Resources 5) Open Space 5) Community Facilities and Resources 6) Noise 7) Safety 6) Community Health and Safety 7) Community Character

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee In 2010 a Draft General Plan Update began

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee In 2010 a Draft General Plan Update began under the direction of a General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee (CAC) appointed by the City Council: Ø Initially comprised of 27 members representing a variety of residential neighborhoods as well as broad range community and business interests. Ø Held 26 meetings on specific topics and/or elements, and receiving public input. Ø Conducted tours of North Magnolia Avenue commercial area and industrial and mobile home parks east of Hwy 101.

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee In December 2011, the CAC produced a draft

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee In December 2011, the CAC produced a draft document that anticipated a 20 -year time horizon (2010 -2030). Completion of the Draft General Plan was set aside while the City focused on the Larkspur SMART Station Area Plan (SAP). Ø The SAP was expected to inform the Draft General Plan policies, but the process was terminated in 2013. Ø City subsequently focused on other planning projects, including the 2015 -2023 Housing Element Update, JADUs, and the Community Facilities Master plan.

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee The CAC Draft GP provides background, overall themes,

General Plan Update Citizen’s Advisory Committee The CAC Draft GP provides background, overall themes, and comprehensive goals, policies, and programs for prior elements. With these updates, the City can establish a new 20 -year horizon to 2040: Ø Completing technical aspects of traffic analysis and mapping. Ø Reflecting changes in regional and local conditions. Ø Addressing legal mandates required by the State. City is ready to resume process and finalize the Draft General Plan for public hearings and CEQA review.

The General Plan Update Steering Committee (GPUC): Ø Two members of the City Council

The General Plan Update Steering Committee (GPUC): Ø Two members of the City Council (Haroff & Way) and two members of the Planning Commission (Kunstler & Deignan). Ø Nine (9) Study Session Meetings and three (3) Public Workshops. Ø Assist in refining and finalizing the Draft General Plan Update through the lens of elected and appointed officials. Ø This process will build upon the existing draft documents.

The General Plan Update Steering Committee (GPUC): Several GPUSC Study Sessions on Draft Elements

The General Plan Update Steering Committee (GPUC): Several GPUSC Study Sessions on Draft Elements and Key Topics: Ø Review updated conditions and/or new mandates under state law. Ø Consider updates to policies and/or options for addressing such changes. Ø Review final language, graphics, figures, and tables. GPUSC will provide policy direction for staff to include in the Draft General Plan Update.

GPUSC Schedule 2018 Ø A defined work plan to refine the document and conclude

GPUSC Schedule 2018 Ø A defined work plan to refine the document and conclude preparation of the Draft General Plan Update in a timely and efficient manner. Ø Release Draft General Plan and conduct CEQA and Public Hearings in 2019. Ø Limited budget for continued work on the update - imperative to remain on schedule. Ø Not intended as a comprehensive review or reconsideration of draft elements prepared through the CAC process.

Community Outreach & Participation Ø Three (3) public workshops in schedule. Ø Public encouraged

Community Outreach & Participation Ø Three (3) public workshops in schedule. Ø Public encouraged to attend study session meetings. Ø Webpage for detailed background information, materials and topics, and related documents. Sign up for email notifications on GPUSC process at: http: //www. cityoflarkspur. org/General. Plan. Update Ø Staff and Steering Committee members report progress at City Council and Planning Commission regular meetings.

CAC Draft Community Health & Safety Element Purpose: To reduce the potential short and

CAC Draft Community Health & Safety Element Purpose: To reduce the potential short and long-term risk of death, injuries, property damage, and economic and social dislocation resulting from fires, floods, droughts, earthquakes, landslides, climate change, and other hazards. The CAC Draft Community Health & Safety Element adequately address most topics required under the State mandates in regard to: ØSeismic, Geologic, and Soil Hazards. Ø Hazardous Materials ØAir Quality ØNoise

CAC Draft Community Health & Safety Element Since 2011, the public perception and policies

CAC Draft Community Health & Safety Element Since 2011, the public perception and policies have shifted in regard to the issue of climate change. The State of California recognizes climate change as an immediate and growing threat to the economy, the environment, and public health. Due to the effects of warmer weather contributing to sea level rise, major storm events, and drought, it is recognized climate change is creating greater potential for wildfires and flooding.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise FEMA and Floodplain Management Ø Flood zone maps based

Flooding and Sea Level Rise FEMA and Floodplain Management Ø Flood zone maps based upon historic tidal and storm event data; Identifies Base Flood Elevation (BFEs) in special flood hazard areas. Ø Special building standards and flood-proofing requirements in flood zones. Ø Larkspur has 751 properties in flood hazard areas (17%). Ø Larkspur enforces Floodplain Management standards for development within flood hazard areas. Ø Required to comply with State flood management regulations and retain participation in National Flood Insurance Program.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Climate Change Ø Global warming is continuing at progressive

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Climate Change Ø Global warming is continuing at progressive rates; warmer and colder seasonal temperatures and patterns of more severe seasonal storm events. Ø Sea levels will continue to rise as precipitation continues to increase and ice caps continue to melt. Ø Sea level in the San Francisco Bay Area has risen eight inches in the past century, and could rise up to 60+ inches by 2100. Ø These rising sea levels well exceed BFE’s applied through current FEMA floodplain management standards.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Marin Shoreline Vulnerability Assessment Ø Bay Waterfront Adaptation &

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Marin Shoreline Vulnerability Assessment Ø Bay Waterfront Adaptation & Vulnerability Evaluation (Bay. Wave project) Ø Managed by Marin County Department of Public Works with participation of all local agencies, special districts, and utilities. Ø Initiated by the County in 2015 and funding support from California State Coastal Conservancy and completed in June 2017. Collaborative effort to identify risks and exposure of people, infrastructure, buildings and natural assets from sea level rise.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Six Scenarios: Ø Near-Term (15 Years) Ø Medium-Term (2050)

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Six Scenarios: Ø Near-Term (15 Years) Ø Medium-Term (2050) Ø Long-Term (2100) Analyzed risks of both SLR and SLR combined with 100 -year storm surge.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Near-Term Scenario: 1 Foot of Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Near-Term Scenario: 1 Foot of Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Medium-Term Scenario: 2 -Foot Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Medium-Term Scenario: 2 -Foot Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Long-Term Scenario: 5 Feet of Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Long-Term Scenario: 5 Feet of Sea Level Rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Marin Shoreline Vulnerability Assessment The Vulnerability Assessment explicitly lists

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Marin Shoreline Vulnerability Assessment The Vulnerability Assessment explicitly lists how many parcels, buildings, streets, utilities, critical buildings, recreation facilities, schools and other resources that would be affected by the six SLR scenarios. Examples: Ø Medium term, more than 150 buildings could anticipate tidal flooding, and several hundred more could anticipate impacts during a 100 -year storm surge. Ø Long term: 802 buildings (20%), could experience tidal flooding. Combined with the additional 100 -year storm surge, 1, 160, of buildings (28%) could be vulnerable to eight feet of sea level rise + storm surge.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Adaptive Strategies and Projects Currently, the county, cities, the

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Adaptive Strategies and Projects Currently, the county, cities, the state, and regional agencies and public interest groups are identifying and testing possible adaptation strategies and projects. Some examples: Ø Levee enhancement and relocation. Ø Horizontal levees. Ø Retreat and conversion of undeveloped upland diked baylands to tidal marsh Ø Tidal restoration. Ø Living shoreline beach projects – e. g. , erosion control and plantings.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Bay. WAVE Phase II A common “tool box” for

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Bay. WAVE Phase II A common “tool box” for Land Use strategies and programs to address sea level rise. Based on the additional research and project results, the County and cities will continue to develop an action plan for the near-, mid-, and long-term scenarios. As this plan is implemented, it will be monitored to gauge the success of the various approaches, where such approaches would best be implemented, and possible changes to the SLR predictions.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Ø Ø Policies and Programs Adaptation to SLR will

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Ø Ø Policies and Programs Adaptation to SLR will be a long-term process. Current efforts to assess vulnerability will inform possible adaptive responses. General Plan Update is where the City will describe its proposed actions to 2040. Collaboration with the County and other agencies and cities on shared infrastructure improvements and adaption projects that cross jurisdictional boundaries beyond the City limits. Update the Local Hazard Mitigation Plan, in conjunction with Marin County, to assist in funding for disaster recovery and for infrastructure projects to mitigate for future sea level rise

Flooding and Sea Level Rise More Immediate policies and programs: Ø Ø Incorporating the

Flooding and Sea Level Rise More Immediate policies and programs: Ø Ø Incorporating the mapping the areas of near-, medium-, and long-term SLR within the City. Study and consider modifying raising the base flood elevation (BFEs) and height limits of structure and sites within areas of sea level rise to accommodate medium and long-term impacts. Consider SLR when designing and funding capital improvement projects. Update the Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP), to include recognition of assets and hazards in relation to SLR.

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Questions & Discussion

Flooding and Sea Level Rise Questions & Discussion

Fire Hazards Many examples of historical wildfires in the Larkspur area. Increased concern about

Fire Hazards Many examples of historical wildfires in the Larkspur area. Increased concern about the risks of wildfire given the large, destructive 2017 wildfires in the North Bay and Southern Coastal areas Larkspur contains several neighborhoods particularly at risk due to vegetation, slope, weather, access, and other conditions. These areas are designated by the City as Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zones (VHFHS Zones) as well as being within the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) zone.

Fire Hazards Larkspur Wildland Urban Interface Zones

Fire Hazards Larkspur Wildland Urban Interface Zones

Requirements for Safety Elements Ø In accordance with state requirements the Larkspur updated Safety

Requirements for Safety Elements Ø In accordance with state requirements the Larkspur updated Safety Element will address wildfire hazard, including: Ø Assets at risk Ø Fire history and fire hazard conditions in the City. Ø Fire suppression resources that are available. Ø Proposed fire planning approaches (e. g. , notification, risk reduction, access, evacuation). Ø How the City will address changes in wildfire hazards from climate change.

Policy and Program Considerations City and Fire Department actions include: Ø Reduction of risk

Policy and Program Considerations City and Fire Department actions include: Ø Reduction of risk – Enforcement of WUI Ordinance and Routine Fire Inspections. Ø Fire suppression coordination between multiple jurisdictions and programs for hazard mitigations. Ø Fuel modification and reduction – MMWD, MCOSD, chipper program, and others. Ø Emergency Access – vegetation clearing along streets; develop alternate routes?

Policy and Program Considerations Community preparedness and participation through CERT, Neighborhood Response Groups (NRGs)

Policy and Program Considerations Community preparedness and participation through CERT, Neighborhood Response Groups (NRGs) and other means of public outreach: Ø Education – Fire safety and disaster preparedness. Ø Promote expansion of early notification systems– Continue to support Alert. Marin and OES; Educate citizens on how to register for emergency notifications. Ø Evacuation – Educate about neighborhood evacuation routes.

Fire Hazards Questions & Discussion

Fire Hazards Questions & Discussion

NEXT STEPS and QUESTIONS ?

NEXT STEPS and QUESTIONS ?