- Slides: 138
The Declaration of Independence
What is the Declaration of Independenc e? • The Declaration of Independence was a document(a paper) that declared(said) that the 13 colonies were free and did not have to listen to Great Britain anymore.
Wait… Why? The United States used to be only 13 colonies. They were owned by Great Britain was unkind to the Colonies and charged them TOO MANY TAXES(money for nothin’)
Knowledge Check! • Why did the Colonies want to leave the British? Too many taxes Not enough coffee
• The Colonies tried to be fair and tell So What did the Colonies do? Britain that they were being unkind and unfair • Britain did NOT listen • Some colonists started Boycotting(refusing to buy) things made in Britain.
Is that all? • Nope! Some colonists got into disguises and threw a lot of British tea(Like the kind Ms. R drinks) off boats and into the water. This was called the Boston Tea Party. • Britain was VERY mad about this.
Knowledge Check! What did the Colonists do to protest? Boston Tea Party Dance Off
So when did the Declaration of Independence come? Part 1 • In 1774, the first Continental Congress was formed to protest(speak out against) the Taxes and unfair treatment of the colonies by the British. • The Continental Congress declared that Taxation without Representation was wrong! • The colonies were not allowed to vote against the taxes that the British made • Is that fair? Or Unfair?
So when did the Declaration of Independenc e come? Part 2 • Finally, in 1775, the colonies began to rebel, and the British began to invade with their army. There were three important battles fought. • The Battle of Lexington • The Battle of Concord • The Battle of Bunker Hill
Knowledge Check! • What did the continental congress say in 1775? No Taxation without Representation We love doughnuts!
Knowledge Check! • What are the names of the battles that happened in 1775? Bull Run, The Bulge, Helms Deep Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill
Are we there yet? • Almost! • In 1776, congress decided that it was time to declare independence. • They picked Thomas Jefferson to write it
The Declaration of Independenc e! • On the 4 th of July (INDEPENDENCE DAY), the Declaration of Independence that Thomas Jefferson wrote was formally adopted by congress; declaring the 13 colonies free from Great Britain. • How do you think the King of Britain felt about that?
Knowledge Check! • Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Nicolas Cage Thomas Jefferson
Knowledge Check! • What holiday do we celebrate to remember the Declaration of Independence? The 4 th of July Cinco de Mayo
Lets read the Declaration of Independence • Now, we’re going to listen to the Declaration of Independence twice. • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v =4 u. E-tqe 0 xs. Q • The first time, we are just going to listen. The second time, we are going to stop and examine different parts.
Background Day! • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=32 e. KEg 65 p. Qs Liberty Kids Boston Tea Party • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=awl. Be. ITstk. E Liberty kids Common Sense https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=eccgj 5 u_Ydc Liberty kids Declaration of Independence
Liberty Kids Questions 1 • What do you think of the Boston Tea Party? • What zone were the colonists in? • How do you think the British Felt? • Who was right? Who was wrong?
Liberty Kids Questions 1 I • What do you think Common Sense? • What was the goal of the colonists? • Why did Common Sense get written?
Liberty Kids Questions 1 II • What did you think of the Declaration of Independence? • How did it make you feel? • Do you think the colonies were right to leave Britain?
Lets translate(into modern words) the Declaration!
ORIGINAL TEXT • In Congress, July 4, 1776. • The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Translation! • On July 4 th, 1776 • All 13 colonies that will make up the United States of America are declaring that sometimes in life, it’s important for some people to want to be on their own even if they were together before. • When they separate, they are still equal to their partners from before. • The people that are leaving think that it’s important to say why they are leaving.
Original Text • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness
Translation • We(the people of the Colonies) believe that some things are OBVIOUSLY true. • These things are that everybody is made equal • Everyone has these rights: Living, Freedom, ability to choose how they live.
ORIGINAL TEXT • That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, -That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
Translation • In order to make sure these rights are given to everybody, Governments are made between people. • Governments get their power because people agree to let it have power. • Whenever a government is not doing it’s job, the people have the right to change or get rid of it and try again. • The people will make a new government that is more likely to keep them safe and happy.
ORIGINAL TEXT • Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.
Translation • With luck, governments will not be changed for fun or small reasons. • Most of the time, people would rather live as they have always lived, even if it’s not the best situation. • That’s because it can be really hard to start all over and try again.
ORIGINAL TEXT • But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
Translation • But sometimes, a government is SO BAD, and is abusive and hurtful and not giving the people their rights. • Even though the intention was good, that government has turned into Despotism-absolute power being abused. • When this happens it is not only the RIGHT, but the DUTY(Job) of the people to throw away the bad government and try again so they can be safe and happy.
ORIGINAL TEXT • Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.
Translation • The colonies have been VERY patient, and now they feel like they have to change the government.
ORIGINAL TEXT • The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
Translation • The King of Britain has done a lot of really mean things, all for the reason because he just likes to be in charge and have everybody listen to him. • The King can’t stand the idea of anybody else having a say in their own lives. • Now, this will be proven by writing the facts so everyone can see.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
Translation • The king made all the colonists submit laws directly to him before they got passed. That means he could just say no to any rule the colonists wanted.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
Translation • Even when laws are important to get passed, he demanded that he gets the final say. • The King wouldn’t let many laws be enforced while he was thinking about it • But then he would forget about it and not care.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
Translation • The King has refused to pass laws for cities, unless they gave up their right to be represented and have their say in government. • That’s a move that only TYRANTS(Really bad kings) make
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
Translation • The King calls meetings of representatives at weird, uncomfortable, and far away places that are far away from where records are kept. • The King did this only to tire people out so they just agreed to whatever he said.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
Translation • The king has taken away representatives(people who vote for us) over and over again because he got mad that they were tough and said no to him.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
Translation • Whenever he threw his tantrums and took away representatives, he refused to let election happen. • The king is wrong though because you can’t actually take away the right of people to make their own government, and so people have created their own representative b ody again. • Unfortunately, because of things like this, the colonies are in danger of invasion or bad things happening inside the colonies.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
Translation • The King has done his best to stop people from coming into the colonies. • He is trying to make it harder and harder for people to start cities/colonies and move.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
Translation • Because he insists on personally approving all the laws, there aren’t enough judges or judicial powers to run the colonies.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
Translation • Judges are supposed to be independent, but the king has made it so that they aren’t allowed to get paid, or even have their jobs unless he says so. • That means the judges can’t make good and fair decisions
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
Translation • The king has made lots of new offices filled with people who have the job of bothering people by making judgements and giving out fines. • These people don’t contribute(give) anything and take our resources
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
Translation • Even when there isn’t a war, the king leaves big armies in the colonies to intimidate us without consent. • That means nobody in the colonies said it was ok for armies to be here.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
Translation • He has chosen to let the military not have to answer to anybody. • Today in the United States, the military has to answer to the people, most notably the president(elected by the people and known as the commander in chief)
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
Translation • The king has gotten together with other people to make laws for us that we didn’t agree to, that don’t make sense for us. • He agrees to the laws they make, but they are really just rules that he made up and told them to vote on.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
Translation • For forcing us to feed and take care of large numbers of armed troops.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
Translation • Even if these troops murder or hurt someone, the judges that he tells what to do don’t punish them.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
Translation • We aren’t allowed to trade or talk to anyone else except Britain.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
Translation • He makes us pay taxes that we didn’t agree to.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
Translation • A lot of the time, we aren’t even allowed to have a Trial by Jury
ORIGINAL TEXT • For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
Translation • Sometimes the king makes us cross the ocean to put us in court/trial for fake crimes he made up just to punish us.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
Translation • Because of the Boston Tea Party, the king and parliament passed 5 acts to punish an entire city. • Basically, the king took away the right of Boston to trade, the right for people to have a trial in the colonies, protected soldiers from crimes committed in the colonies, representatives couldn’t get together without written approval of the British governor, said it was ok to keep troops in people’s houses, and abolished representatives in Quebec so they could not vote on their own laws. • The British wanted to take away all free government in the colonies.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
Translation • The king took away the original rules that he agreed to for the colonies and started taking away free government.
ORIGINAL TEXT • For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
Translation • The king took away representation in the colonies, and said that he and his employees will totally be fine for deciding what laws get passed.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
Translation • Even though he says he is in charge, he gave up any right to being in charge by saying that he wasn’t going to protect us and trying to hurt us by sending soldiers to kill us.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
Translation • The king has send soldiers and ships to pirate our ships, burn our towns down, and destroyed the lives of lots of people.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
Translation • Even right now, he sends ships full of armies from other countries to kill people and enforce his rules. • This has already begun in the colonies, and these armies are cruel, mean, and dishonest. • These behaviors didn’t even happen in times before people were civilized and nice. • This is behavior that a king of a powerful and civilized country shouldn’t engage in.
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
Translation • The king’s navy kidnaps people when they’re at sea and forces them to shoot at and hurt their friends and people from the colonies. • If they don’t do this, they are executed(killed)
ORIGINAL TEXT • He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
Translation • The king tries to make us fight among ourselves, and tries very hard to get people who are known for burning down towns and killing everyone to hurt us.
ORIGINAL TEXT • In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Translation • While all this was happening, even though it was really bad we asked very politely for it to stop. • Our asking has only been answered by people trying to hurt us. • A king who acts like this is known as a Tyrant, and shouldn’t be King of anybody.
ORIGINAL TEXT • Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here.
Translation • It’s not like we haven’t tried to tell the British about the problem. • We have told them over and over that they are doing wrong. • We reminded them why we came over here in the first place(to escape persecution and start new/free lives)
ORIGINAL TEXT • We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.
Translation • We have asked the British to follow their own laws and at least be kindness. • The British have ignored justice and decency to do whatever they wanted to us.
ORIGINAL TEXT • We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
Translation • Because of all these things, we have come to understand that we have to separate from Britain and be on our own. • We will consider them enemies when we are fighting • We will consider them friends when we are not fighting.
ORIGINAL TEXT • We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
Translation • Because of all these things, our representatives that we assembled(as is our right) in front of god and everybody are writing this declaration of independence for the colonies and people inside them • We believe and declare that the Colonist should be free and independent. • The colonies no longer answer to the British and don’t owe anything to it. • As free states, we have the right to do all things that free states do. • With luck and god willing, we are betting everything on this and hope it turns out ok because we are in this together.
That’s it • We did it! That’s the declaration of independence and what it means. • What are your impressions? • Do you still think the people you thought were right at the beginning are doing what’s best? • How important do you think this is?
Key Principles of the Declaration of Independence • The Declaration of Independence is one of our foundational documents that makes up the basis of the government of the United States.
How does the Declaration Relate to Modern Government? • Many of the ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence are used elsewhere in our government; specifically our constitution. • Our constitution is the foundation for all of our laws. • Our constitution is heavily influenced by the Declaration of Independence
Ideas taken from the Declaration • Following are several ideas directly taken from the Declaration that made its way into our foundational texts.
Life, Liberty, Property* • As noted in the Declaration, all people are entitled to Life. • The constitution protects this through the following statement: • No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. • Lets break down the highlighted part
“nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” • Nobody can have their life taken away without first going through the appropriate channels. That means unlike the British, who did it however they wanted… • Americans decided that first someone has to go through being arrested, charged, and a trial by a jury of their peers to decide the appropriate punishment. This is known as Due Process, and takes its cue directly from the Declaration.
What Document based on the declaration protects Life, Liberty and Property? • The Constitution • The Magna Carta
Quartering of Troops • No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. • This means that soldiers can’t live in private homes during times of peace without the owner agreeing to it. During war, only laws can allow soldiers to live in private homes, not just military commanders. • How is this different from what the British did? Did the declaration complain about this?
The Constitution protects people’s and their homes from soldiers based on what document? • The Declaration of Independence • The 95 Theses
Freedom of Speech • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Freedom of Speech • This is important because the British put down protests and even massacred people who were protesting. The declaration specifically mentioned about how the British were killing the colonists.
The Declaration of Independence influenced the constitution by giving us what right? • The freedom of speech/assembly • Right to wear pants
Bearing of Arms • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed
Bearing Arms • This was important because the declaration specifically mentioned the right of people to overthrow the government if it wasn’t keeping them safe and happy.
Why did the consitution protect the right to bear arms? • The Declaration said it was the right of people to overthrow a bad government • People love wearing bear costumes
The Declaration of Sentiments
The Declaration of Sentiments • This is another text directly influenced by the declaration of independence. It was written in the year 1848 by a group of women to promote women’s rights.
But why? • A long time ago, women did not have the same rights that men had. • Women could not: • • • Vote Hold Public Office Had difficulty leaving bad relationships Buy and sell property independently in a marriage Sign contracts while married Make wills
So what does that have to do with the Declaration of Independence? • In 1848, a group of women got together and wrote a Declaration of Sentiments. • Lets read it and then we’ll compare.
Declaration of Sentiments • When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course.
Declaration of Sentiments • We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their powers from the consent of the governed. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these rights, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
Declaration of Sentiments • Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed, but when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.
Declaration of Sentiments • The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpation on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
Declaration of Sentiments • He has not ever permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. • He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice. • He has withheld her from rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men—both natives and foreigners.
Declaration of Sentiments • Having deprived her of this first right as a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides. • He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead. • He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.
Declaration of Sentiments • He has made her morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband. In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master—the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
Declaration of Sentiments • He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes of divorce, in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given; as to be wholly regardless of the happiness of the women—the law, in all cases, going upon a false supposition of the supremacy of a man, and giving all power into his hands.
Declaration of Sentiments • After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it. • He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.
Declaration of Sentiments • He closes against her all the avenues to wealth and distinction, which he considers most honorable to himself. As a teacher of theology, medicine, or law, she is not known. • He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education —all colleges being closed against her.
Declaration of Sentiments • He allows her in church, as well as State, but a subordinate position, claiming Apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the Church. • He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated but deemed of little account in man.
Declaration of Sentiments • He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and her God. • He has endeavored, in every way that he could to destroy her confidence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
Declaration of Sentiments • Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation—in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of these United States.
Declaration of Sentiments • In entering upon the great work before us, we anticipate no small amount of misconception, misrepresentation, and ridicule; but we shall use every instrumentality within our power to effect our object. We shall employ agents, circulate tracts, petition the State and national Legislatures, and endeavor to enlist the pulpit and the press in our behalf. We hope this Convention will be followed by a series of Conventions, embracing every part of the country.
Sentiments and Independence • How are these documents the same?
Sentiments and Independence • The Declaration of Sentiments copies directly from the Declaration of Independence. In the next few slides we will see where the documents match and how the Declaration of Independence influenced the Declaration of Sentiments.
Comparison! Declaration of Sentiments Declaration of Independence • When, in the course of human • When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course. becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Comparison! Declaration of Sentiments • We hold these truths to be selfevident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness Declaration of Independence • We hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
Comparison! Declaration of Sentiments • He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice. Declaration of Independence • He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
Comparison! Declaration of Sentiments Declaration of Independence • The history of mankind is a history • The history of the present King of of repeated injuries and usurpation on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.