- Slides: 13
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson Birth: April 13, 1743 in Albemarle County, Virginia Parents: Peter Jefferson- prosperous Virginia Farmer Jane Randolph Jefferson-member of old and distinguished Randolph family of Virginia Schooling: 1760 Attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA Studied mathematics, science, and law Family: Married Martha Wayles Skelton Had 6 children but only two survived Martha died 1782
Political Accomplishments: Member Continental Congress 1775 -76 Governor of Virginia 1779 -81 American Minister to France 1784 -89 Secretary of State 1790 -93 Vice President 1797 -1801 President 1801 -09
Other Accomplishments: Drafted the Declaration of Indepence 10, 000 volume library became Library of Congress Founded the University of Virginia Writings: A Sumamry View of the Rights of British America 1774 Attacked colonial authority of Parliament His Notes on the State of Virginia Most important American political and scientific book of the age. Reveals his major beliefs.
Other interesting facts: * Invented a plow that revolutionized farming * Excellent horseman * Violinist * Architect: neoclassical design Virginia State House, his home Monticello, and University of Virginia * Wore shoes with shoelaces because buckles were too undemocratic. * Refused to have his face on currency * Shaped public schools * Proposed decimal system for pennies, dimes and dollars * Commissioned the Lewis and Clark Expedition * Founded what became known as the Democratic Party * Elected to Institute of France Experimented in agriculture, paleontology, geography, botany *President of the American Philosophical society for 18 yrs
As President, his greatest triumph was the Louisiana Purchase in 180. *doubled the size of the US and controlled the Mississippi River His life was devoted ot assert the idea of man’s inalienable rights. Known as: politician, statesman, artist, scientist, inventor, literary stylist, and public servant. He died July 4, 1826 -50 years after the Declaration of Independence was adopted.
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE • Four parts • 1. Preamble 2. Description of the rights of man 3. Grievances against the king 4. Official declaration of war
PREAMBLE • The Preamble is the first part of the Declaration of Independence and serves as an introduction. The Preamble outlines the purpose and rationale for the enactment of the Declaration of Independence. This document was drafted during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson. He wanted to separate the 13 colonies from the ruling hand of Britain. Jefferson used the Preamble to explain his rationale for wanting to establish the 13 colonies as an independent nation
PART II THE RIGHTS OF MAN • The Preamble is followed by a section outlining the rights of all people. This section affords citizens basic human rights, including the rights of equality, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. These rights, according to the Declaration, are vested in the American public and cannot be taken away.
KING GEORGE III
PART III GRIEVANCES AGAINST THE KING • The third section lists grievances under the king. • Example: • He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: • (Others in this context means Parliament)
SIGNING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
PART IV DECLARATION OF SEPARATION AND INDEPENDENCE • The document concludes with the assertion that the 13 colonies are free states and independent from British rule. • “We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; “