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The Declaration of Independence CHAPTER 5, LESSON 4: EQ: WHY DOES CONFLICT DEVELOP?
Academic Vocabulary (pg. 134) Chapter 5, Lesson 4 1. 2. 3. 4. (WRITE ALL WORDS) Petition Preamble Popular sovereignty (in Power. Point) Grievences
2 nd Continental Congress 1775 -1776 • Took place May 1775 in Philadelphia • George Washington becomes Commander in Chief of the Continental Army • Appointed 5 men to write a declaration stating the colonies’ reasons for independence ◦ ◦ ◦ -Thomas Jefferson -Ben Franklin -John Adams -Robert Livingston -Roger Sherman 56 delegates met and debated
Actions Taken By the Continental Congress Identify and explain the 5 actions taken by the Continental Congress. Five Actions taken by the Second Continental Congress
Actions Taken by the 2 nd Continental Congress King George III rejects the petition (request) called the Olive Branch Petition. Instead, he prepares for war!!
nd 2 Continental Congress Results Thomas Paine’s writing “Common Sense” supports independence and influenced the opinion of colonists. Second Continental Congress drafted the Declaration of Independence. July 4 1776 Declaration written by Thomas Jefferson was signed, John Hancock signed first with the largest signature Put end to ties with Great Britain
Bell Ringer: DBQ In a paragraph identify the document and explain what the following primary source mean: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed (given) by their Creator with certain unalienable (not to be denied) Rights, that are among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. ” -Written in 1776 http: //www. history. com/topics/american-revolution/the-continental-congress/videos/declaration-of-independence? m=528 e 394 da 93 ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false
Declaring Independence Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. He understood the consequences of writing a declaration of independence Wanted to make sure the document explained why the colonists wanted to separate https: //www. brainpop. com/socialstudies/ushisto ry/declarationofindependence/
Activity: Declaration of Independence Read, The Declaration of Independence (pg. 138 -39) Identify and explain the FOUR parts of the Declaration of Independence.
Declaration of Independence • Preamble (introduction) ◦ States why people choose to declare independence • Next two sections ◦ (1)List the rights that the colonists believed they should have ◦ (2) their grievances (complaints) against Great Britain • Final Section ◦ States the existence of a new nation School House Rocks: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=vr. Se. CYSnj 5 Y
Three Basic Ideas of the Declaration of Independence 1. Natural Rights: Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness 2. Popular Sovereignty: People are the source of political authority 3. Order: Importance of stability, overthrowing a government is only done when necessary. On July 2, 1776 twelve colonies voted for independence (except for New York) July 4, 1776 colonies approved the Declaration of Independence
Activity On the back of the graphic organizer: 1. Read pg. 138 -139. The Declaration of Independence. 2. Identify the grievances (complaints) and rights included in the declaration of independence.
List of Colonial Grievances (complaints) to the King 1. Dismissing colonial legislatures (assemblies) 2. Denying the colonists their right for self-government 3. Tax the colonists without their consent (agree) 4. Maintaining an army in the colonies without the consent of the legislature 5. Forcing colonists to house British soldiers in their house