- Slides: 8
The Coniferous Forest
Coniferous Forest • The coniferous forest gets the name coniferous because the main type of vegetation located in it is conifers such as pines. • The northern coniferous forests are called taiga or boreal forests. They cover vast areas of North America from the Pacific to the Atlantic, and range across northern Europe, Scandinavia, Russia and across Asia through Siberia and Mongolia to northern China and northern Japan.
Location • They cover vast areas of North America from the Pacific to the Atlantic, and range across northern Europe, Scandinavia, Russia and across Asia through Siberia and Mongolia to northern China and northern Japan. • Some are found in the southern hemisphere also.
Weather Conditions • Coniferous forest regions have cold, long, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers; well defined seasons, at least four to six frost-free months • The temperature is -40 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius, average summer temperature is 10 degrees Celsius. • The precipitation is 300 to 900, millimeters of rain per year.
Environment • Coniferous forests consist mostly of conifers, trees that grow needles instead of leaves, and cones instead of flowers. Conifers tend to be evergreen, that is, they bear needles all year long. These adaptations help conifers survive in areas that are very cold or dry.
Plants • There are many plants in this biome, but three dominate more than others. These are: pine, fir, and spruce trees. Mosses are also found almost anywhere.
Animals • There are many different kings of animals in the taiga biome. Among them are the wolves, deer, bears, lynx, cougars, moose, and coyotes. Many of these animals are often hunted for sport and also for food.