The Census of Marine Life Jesse H Ausubel

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The Census of Marine Life Jesse H. Ausubel Alfred P. Sloan Foundation http: //www.

The Census of Marine Life Jesse H. Ausubel Alfred P. Sloan Foundation http: //www. coml. org

Census of Marine Life research program to assess & explain diversity, distribution, & abundance

Census of Marine Life research program to assess & explain diversity, distribution, & abundance of marine organisms 2. an international program involving experts in a variety of fields around the globe 3. feasibility studies initiated in 1997 with potential users, funders, performers: resource managers, fishers, environmentalists, navies, scientists 4. to culminate in 2010 5. can prototype global ocean observing system for marine life 1.

The Census of Marine Life Why Now? Environmental obligations • UN Convention on Biodiversity

The Census of Marine Life Why Now? Environmental obligations • UN Convention on Biodiversity - requires signatories to collect information on living resources • • Marine Protected Areas Sustainable Fisheries Habitat Loss and Pollution Global Climate Change

The Census of Marine Life Why Now? State of current knowledge largely limited to

The Census of Marine Life Why Now? State of current knowledge largely limited to -- 200 commercially important species -- Based on catch statistics by fishers -- Near-shore areas -- 95% of oceans unexplored biologically -- NO synchronous surveys of everything that lives in the water column, i. e. , no “ecosystem” surveys

Census of Marine Life Why Now - New Technologies • • Active & passive

Census of Marine Life Why Now - New Technologies • • Active & passive acoustics: “Every fish is a submarine” Optical sensors Tags (animals doing surveys themselves) Vehicles: unmanned, remotely operated Genetics Data Management & Communication • Satellite communications for real-time observations from fixed and floating platforms • Data Analysis • On-line image libraries, recognition • Modeling & simulation for population estimates

TOPP Project: To infer what must live in the ocean from behavior of wide-ranging

TOPP Project: To infer what must live in the ocean from behavior of wide-ranging species • • Tag about 10 species Total of 5000 animals Follow for 1 -2 years North Pacific prototype

TOPP Bioprobe Coverage

TOPP Bioprobe Coverage

The Census of Marine Life Component Programs • • • History of Marine Animal

The Census of Marine Life Component Programs • • • History of Marine Animal Populations What did live in the oceans? New Field Projects What does live in the oceans? Future of Marine Animal Populations What will live in the oceans? • Data assimilation framework Ocean Biogeographic Information System

Chemosynthetic (Ch. Ess) Ecosytems A-G = Vent; H-K = Seep & Vent; Number =

Chemosynthetic (Ch. Ess) Ecosytems A-G = Vent; H-K = Seep & Vent; Number = Fauna ID’d

Salmon Monitoring Lines: Fish “EZ Pass”

Salmon Monitoring Lines: Fish “EZ Pass”

Ocean Biogeographical Information System • • • Vision: Click on maps of the ocean

Ocean Biogeographical Information System • • • Vision: Click on maps of the ocean & bring up data on what has been reported to live there Goal: Next generation info infrastructure for marine biology & living marine resource mgmt Technical progress: • Portal, interoperable databases on growing list of species groups (fishes, squids, jellies, corals, molluscs, mammals, turtles, seabirds…); standards & protocols • Institutional progress: • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) marine associate (July 2001) • International Federation established, more than 100 partners in more than 20 countries so far

Census of Marine Life Education & Outreach • Outreach to learners of all ages

Census of Marine Life Education & Outreach • Outreach to learners of all ages • Consortium of aquariums (150 million visitors/yr), natural history museums • Web sites • Video, magazines

Census of Marine Life Institutional arrangements • International Scientific Steering Committee • International Secretariat

Census of Marine Life Institutional arrangements • International Scientific Steering Committee • International Secretariat • Geographically distributed Program HQs Kyoto, Vancouver, Monterey Bay, New Brunswick (Canada), Southampton (UK), Bergen (Norway), Esbjerg (Denmark), Concepcion (Chile)… • Regional & National Committees: Western Pacific, S. America, Australia, Canada, European Union, Southern Africa… • International group of funding agencies (form in ’ 02)

Partnerships & Mechanisms International Intergovernmental • Atlantic International Council for Exploration of the Seas

Partnerships & Mechanisms International Intergovernmental • Atlantic International Council for Exploration of the Seas (ICES), Pacific…PICES • UN: IOC, FAO; World Bank/GEF? • GBIF Non-governmental • ICSU (SCOR, Diversitas, IABO); POGO • Industries: eg Oil & Gas (IPIECA, OGPA) • Environmental: Conservation Int’l…

Census of Marine Life What’s known What’s unknowable An ancient dream, a real possibility

Census of Marine Life What’s known What’s unknowable An ancient dream, a real possibility A here-and-now test for partnerships and mechanisms for sustainable development