The Brazilian Solution Communism Dictatorships and US Meddling

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The “Brazilian Solution” Communism, Dictatorships, and US Meddling in South America

The “Brazilian Solution” Communism, Dictatorships, and US Meddling in South America

Portends of Cuba • The Actions of Castro – Castro takes power in Cuba,

Portends of Cuba • The Actions of Castro – Castro takes power in Cuba, nationalizes industries, investments – Castro strikes alliance with SU, and is able to thwart coups against him • Breach in Containment – US shocked that communist country establishes in back yard – Leftist governments in South America inspired by Castro

The “Brazilian Solution” • Overthrow of Goulart – US and conservative elements in SA

The “Brazilian Solution” • Overthrow of Goulart – US and conservative elements in SA determine to defeat communists – Brazil, governed by socialist Joao Goulart, is overthrown by military • Marshall Law – Military uses Death Squads to round up dissidents, torture and kill – Forces increased industrialization and foreign investment

Sandinista Takeover • Nicaraguan Revolution – Pro-communist terrorists overthrow dictator, emulate and ally with

Sandinista Takeover • Nicaraguan Revolution – Pro-communist terrorists overthrow dictator, emulate and ally with Cuba • Iran-Contra Affair – Carter unsuccessfully attempts to negotiate with Sandinistas – Reagan begins campaign to end Sandinista rule by illegally funding Contra rebels

Failure to Persist • Loss of Public Support – Years of kidnappings, torture, executions,

Failure to Persist • Loss of Public Support – Years of kidnappings, torture, executions, and unpopular wars lead to public rejections of dictators in SA • Economic Instability – Oil crises in the 1970’s and 1980’s lead to bankruptcy and insolvency – Many countries rack up hundreds of millions in debt