The Book of Deuteronomy Looking to Thee From

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The Book of Deuteronomy “Looking to Thee From Day to Day”

The Book of Deuteronomy “Looking to Thee From Day to Day”

Book of Deuteronomy in the Old Testament Law (5) History (12) Wisdom (5) Prophecy

Book of Deuteronomy in the Old Testament Law (5) History (12) Wisdom (5) Prophecy (17) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1&2 Samuel 1&2 Kings 1&2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Major Prophets Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Ezekiel Daniel Minor Prophets Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi 2

Deuteronomy Among the Five • Genesis = origin of a nation • Exodus =

Deuteronomy Among the Five • Genesis = origin of a nation • Exodus = redemption of a nation • Leviticus = life of a nation • Numbers = testing of a nation • Deuteronomy = reminders to a nation 3

Time Period in OT History Creation The Flood Patriarchs Bondage in Egypt 1445 -1405

Time Period in OT History Creation The Flood Patriarchs Bondage in Egypt 1445 -1405 B. C. Wilderness Wanderings (Num. & Deut. ) Conquest of Canaan Period of the Judges United Kingdom Divided Kingdom Captivity and Exile Return and Restoration 4

Book Background • Title: “Deuteronomy” (1: 5; 4: 44; 17: 18; 29: 1; LXX

Book Background • Title: “Deuteronomy” (1: 5; 4: 44; 17: 18; 29: 1; LXX and Vulgate); “These are the words…” (1: 1; Hebrew Bible) • Authorship: Moses (Deut. 31: 9, 22, 24 -26; 20: 28; Jn. 5: 46 -47) Lk. • Date: 1445 – 1405 B. C. • Audience: Future generations of Israelites will be reminded not to follow the sins of their 5 ancestors.

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look back to what God had done • Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) – Introspective: look within to what God expects • Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) – Prospective: look ahead to what God will do • Moses’ Fourth Sermon (Deut. 31 -33) – Circumspective: look outward to what God is • Moses’ Death (Deut. 34) 6

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look back to what God had done • Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) – Introspective: look within to what God expects • Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) – Prospective: look ahead to what God will do • Moses’ Fourth Sermon (Deut. 31 -33) – Circumspective: look outward to what God is • Moses’ Death (Deut. 34) 7

Keys to the Book • Key verses: 10: 12 -13; 30: 19 -20 •

Keys to the Book • Key verses: 10: 12 -13; 30: 19 -20 • Key word: covenant / law 8

Time and Location of Events • Israel on the Plains of Moab (Deut. 1:

Time and Location of Events • Israel on the Plains of Moab (Deut. 1: 1, 5; 4: 46; 29: 1; 34: 8; Josh. 1: 2; 4: 19; 5: 6 -12) • About 1 month 9

Geographical Location of Events Deut. 1: 1, 5; 29: 1; 34: 8 10

Geographical Location of Events Deut. 1: 1, 5; 29: 1; 34: 8 10

Deuteronomy 1 Lessons for Today • Let us speak only what is commanded by

Deuteronomy 1 Lessons for Today • Let us speak only what is commanded by God (1: 3) • We must journey by the Lord’s direction (1: 6 -8) • God’s judgments are righteous and fair (1: 1: 16 -17) • Let us not rebel or murmur against the Lord’s command (1: 26 -27) • Let us not discourage or frighten our brethren into disobedience (1: 28 -29) 11

Deuteronomy 1 Lessons for Today • The Lord bares us as a son and

Deuteronomy 1 Lessons for Today • The Lord bares us as a son and guides us all the way through life (1: 31 -33) • Reward is given to all wholly follow the Lord (1: 36) • Leaders need encouragement (1: 38) • Children are born innocent (1: 39) • The Lord will punish the sin of presumption (1: 41 -46) • God is not on the side of sinners (1: 42) 12

Deuteronomy 2 Lessons for Today • We must journey through life at God’s order

Deuteronomy 2 Lessons for Today • We must journey through life at God’s order and God’s direction (2: 3, 18, 24, 37) • When we do out part, the Lord will provide all we need during our journey (2: 6 -7) • The Lord hardens hearts by allowing an occasion for one to harden his own heart (2: 30; Ex. 8: 15; 9: 12) • There is no battle is too great to win when the Lord is on our side (2: 36) 13

Deuteronomy 3 Lessons for Today • The Lord fights for his people (3: 22)

Deuteronomy 3 Lessons for Today • The Lord fights for his people (3: 22) • No one can do what God can do (3: 24) • God does not always answer our prayers with a “yes” (3: 35 -27) • Leaders need encouragement and strengthening (3: 28) 14

Deuteronomy 4 Lessons for Today • Let us obey all that God commands without

Deuteronomy 4 Lessons for Today • Let us obey all that God commands without adding to or taking from his word (4: 1 -2) • Those who follow the world into sin will be punished and those who cleave to the Lord will be rewarded (4: 3 -4) • Greatness comes by following a great God and his great law (4: 5 -8) • Keep God’s word before you at all times (4: 9 -14, 23) 15

Deuteronomy 4 Lessons for Today • Pass on God’s word to the next generation

Deuteronomy 4 Lessons for Today • Pass on God’s word to the next generation (4: 10) • Idols corrupt the nature of God and in turn corrupts the one who makes them (4: 15 -25) • Sin cause us to lose our reward (4: 25 -28) • Genuine repentance can cause us to regain our reward (4: 29 -31) • Lay to heart the greatness of God (4: 32 -40) 16

Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) Retrospective: Look Back • From Mt. Sinai to

Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) Retrospective: Look Back • From Mt. Sinai to Kadesh-Barnea (1) • From Kadesh-Barnea to Sihon King of Heshbon (2) • From Sihon King of Heshbon to the Plains of Moab (3) • Israel exhorted to observe God’s law and avoid idolatry and apostasy (4) 17

The 10 Commandments For Today Deuteronomy 5: 6 -21 1. No other gods 2.

The 10 Commandments For Today Deuteronomy 5: 6 -21 1. No other gods 2. No idols 3. No profaning God’s name 4. Remember the Sabbath 5. Honor father and mother 6. Not kill (murder) 7. Not commit adultery 8. Not steal 9. Not bear false witness 10. Not covet New Testament 1 Cor. 8: 6; Eph. 4: 6; 1 Tim. 2: 5 Gal. 5: 20; Col. 3: 5; 1 Jn. 5: 21 Eph. 4: 29; 5: 4; 1 Pet. 2: 1; 3: 10 Not commanded in the NT Eph. 6: 1 -3; 1 Tim. 5: 4 Rom. 13: 9; 1 Tim. 1: 9 Rom. 13: 9; Gal. 5: 19; Heb. 13: 4 Rom. 13: 9; Eph. 4: 28 Eph. 4: 25; Col. 3: 9; Rev. 21: 8 Rom. 13: 9; Eph. 5: 3, 5; Col. 3: 5 18

Deuteronomy 5 Lessons for Today • We must hear God’s word to learn it;

Deuteronomy 5 Lessons for Today • We must hear God’s word to learn it; we must learn God’s word to observe it (5: 1) • The Law of Moses was for the Jews, not for people of all time and place (5: 2 -4) • The “ 10 Commandments” (except the Sabbath command) are all repeated in the NT for Christians today (5: 6 -21) • When God stops, do not add to his word (5: 22) 19

Deuteronomy 5 Lessons for Today • God does speak with man (5: 24) •

Deuteronomy 5 Lessons for Today • God does speak with man (5: 24) • Let us go and hear all that the Lord says (open mind); let us speak to others all that the Lord says (open mouth); and let us hear (open ears) and do (open life) all that has been spoken to us from the Lord (5: 27, 31) • Fearing God and keeping his commandments is the whole of man (5: 29) • Life and prosperity comes to those who follow God’s 20 word and do not deviate from it (5: 30 -33)

Deuteronomy 6 Lessons for Today • Teaching leads to obedience; obedience leads to spiritual

Deuteronomy 6 Lessons for Today • Teaching leads to obedience; obedience leads to spiritual prosperity (6: 1 -3) • Loving God with all our being is the “greatest” (most fundamental) commandment (6: 4 -5; Mt. 22: 37) • God’s word must be in our heart, our house, and our hands (6: 6 -9) • When people get “full” they often “forget” God and no longer “fear” God (6: 10 -15) 21

Deuteronomy 6 Lessons for Today • Do not test or try God (6: 16

Deuteronomy 6 Lessons for Today • Do not test or try God (6: 16 -19) • When our children ask about God’s word we must be prepared to tell them where we came from, why we are here, and where we are going (6: 20 -23) • God’s law is for our good always (6: 24 -25) 22

Deuteronomy 7 Lessons for Today • Close association with worldliness will cause God’s people

Deuteronomy 7 Lessons for Today • Close association with worldliness will cause God’s people to turn away from God (7: 1 -5) • Let us remember that we are God’s possession and that he chose us out of love (7: 6 -8) • God is faithful (trustworthy) to reward the obedient and punish the disobedient (7: 9 -11) • Blessings come to all who obey God (7: 12 -16) 24

Deuteronomy 7 Lessons for Today • Do not fear the enemy with whom we

Deuteronomy 7 Lessons for Today • Do not fear the enemy with whom we battle for God is on our side and he will deliver him into our hand (7: 1724) • If we do not destroy and detest the worldliness around us, we will find our selves snared by it (7: 16, 25 -26) 25

Deuteronomy 8 Lessons for Today • Observing God’s commandments leads to spiritual life and

Deuteronomy 8 Lessons for Today • Observing God’s commandments leads to spiritual life and prosperity (8: 1) • Remember how God has cared for us (8: 2) • God gives opportunities in life that will test whether or not we will humbly trust and obey him (8: 2 -6, 16) • We cannot live without God (8: 3; Mt. 4: 4; Lk. 4: 4) • We are chastened by God like a son (8: 5; Heb. 12: 6) 26

Deuteronomy 8 Lessons for Today • Bless God for the fullness he gives us

Deuteronomy 8 Lessons for Today • Bless God for the fullness he gives us (8: 7 -10) • Beware, fullness can lead to forgetfulness (8: 11 -20) [Note the two threats facing Israel: outward influence (7: 1 -5) and inward arrogance (8: 14, 17). ] • God gives us the power to get wealth (8: 18) • God’s people will be punished like world if they are disobedient like the world (8: 20) 27

Deuteronomy 9 Lessons for Today • The Lord is greater than our greatest enemies

Deuteronomy 9 Lessons for Today • The Lord is greater than our greatest enemies (9: 1 -3) • We must guard against self-righteousness and pride (9: 4 -5) • The Lord will always keep the promises / covenants that he made years ago (9: 5) • Remembering a people’s sin and God’s anger will help keep a new generation humble (9: 6 -24) • God hears the prayers of intercession (9: 25 -29) 28

Deuteronomy 10 Lessons for Today • The 10 Commandments were laid up in the

Deuteronomy 10 Lessons for Today • The 10 Commandments were laid up in the Ark of the Covenant as a reminder of the ever-presence of God’s word in the lives of the people (10: 1 -11) • The Lord’s basic requirements are: (1) fear him; (2) love him; and (3) obey him - with all our being (10: 12 -20; 11: 13) • There is no respecter of persons with God (10: 17) • Praise the Lord for the great and mighty things he has done for his people (10: 21 -22) 29

Deuteronomy 11 Lessons for Today • There is no reason for not believing in

Deuteronomy 11 Lessons for Today • There is no reason for not believing in the power and punishment of God after witnessing the evidence of his work among the people (11: 1 -7) • Obedience to God’s word brings blessing (11: 8 -15, 2225); obedience to false gods brings cursing (11: 16 -17) • God’s word must be found in our heart, on our hands, and in our home (11: 18 -21) • God’s people have a choice: blessing or curse; conditioned upon (“if”) obedience or disobedience (11: 26 -32) 30

Deuteronomy 12 Lessons for Today • Israel was to offer up the sacrifices to

Deuteronomy 12 Lessons for Today • Israel was to offer up the sacrifices to the Lord in the one authorized placed of worship, not in every place (12: 1 -14) • Do not do what is right in your own eyes (12: 8) • Israel was authorized to eat some things (without blood) at home and other things at the place of worship (12: 15 -28) • Do not seek to learn how the nations worship idols (12: 29 -31) • Do not add to or take from God’s commands (12: 32) 31

Deuteronomy 13 Lessons for Today • Do not follow the words of a false

Deuteronomy 13 Lessons for Today • Do not follow the words of a false prophet into idolatry (13: 1 -5) • Do not follow the advice of family or friends into idolatry (13: 6 -11) • Do not follow the example of neighboring cities into idolatry (13: 12 -18) • We are tested in life to see whether or not we will cleave to the Lord (13: 3 -4, 10, 18) 32

Deuteronomy 13 Lessons for Today • We must be proactive in eliminating sin from

Deuteronomy 13 Lessons for Today • We must be proactive in eliminating sin from the camp (13: 8, 14) • The death penalty serves three purposes: it eliminates evil (13: 5); it deters others from wrong-doing (13: 11); and it turns away God’s wrath (13: 17) 33

Deuteronomy 14 Lessons for Today • God’s children should act like God the father;

Deuteronomy 14 Lessons for Today • God’s children should act like God the father; God’s people are to be holy like the holy Lord (14: 1 -2, 21) • Clean and unclean food restrictions have been removed under the NT (14: 3 -21; Mk. 7: 19; 14: 1 -12; Col. 2: 16) Rom. • Israel was to tithe as a part of fearing the Lord and supporting the Levites and other needy (14: 22 -29) 34

Feasts and Festivals of Jehovah Deuteronomy 16 Exodus Leviticus Ex. 29: 38 -42 Ex.

Feasts and Festivals of Jehovah Deuteronomy 16 Exodus Leviticus Ex. 29: 38 -42 Ex. 20: 8 ff; 31: 12 Lev. 23: 3 Feast Numbers Daily 28: 3 -8 Sabbath 28: 9 -10 New Moon 28: 11 -15 Deuteronomy Deut. 5: 12 -15 Ex. 12: 2 ff, 43 -49 Lev. 23: 4 -5 Passover 28: 16 Deut. 16: 1 -2 Ex. 12: 15 ff; 13: 3 Lev. 23: 6 -8 Unleavened B. 28: 17 -25 Deut. 16: 3 -8 Ex. 23: 16; 34: 22 Lev. 23: 9 -14 First-Fruits 28: 26 -31 Ex. 34: 22 Lev. 23: 15 -21 Pentecost Ex. 23: 16 Lev. 23: 23 -25 Trumpets 29: 1 -6 Ex. 30: 10 Lev. 16; 23: 26 ff Atonement 29: 7 -11 Lev. 23: 33 -44 Tabernacles 29: 12 -38 Deut. 16: 9 -12 Deut. 16: 13 -17 35

Feast and Fulfillment Shadow and Substance (Col. 2: 17; Heb. 8: 5; 10: 1)

Feast and Fulfillment Shadow and Substance (Col. 2: 17; Heb. 8: 5; 10: 1) Old Testament Feast ( Shadow ) New Testament Fulfillment ( Substance ) 1. Daily Sacrifices Luke 9: 23; Acts 2: 46 -47; 1 Corinthians 15: 31 2. Sabbath Rest Hebrews 4: 9 -11 3. New Moon 4. Passover Feast 1 Corinthians 5: 7 5. Unleavened Bread 1 Corinthians 5: 6 -8; 11: 24 6. Feast of First-Fruits Romans 8: 23; 16: 5; 1 Corinthians 16: 15 7. Feast of Pentecost Acts 2: 1 -5 8. Feast of Trumpets 1 Corinthians 15: 52; 1 Thessalonians 4: 16 9. Day of Atonement Hebrews 9 -10 10. Feast of Tabernacles Zechariah 14: 16 -21; Revelation 21: 3 36

Deuteronomy 15 Lessons for Today • Bless others because you have been so richly

Deuteronomy 15 Lessons for Today • Bless others because you have been so richly blessed yourself by God (15: 1 -23) • God’s blessings are conditioned upon diligent obedience to God’s word (15: 4 -6) • Remember the poor and needy and do not withold your hand from them (15: 7 -11) • Employers must treat their employees properly (15: 12 -18) • Offer up to God your first and best (15: 19 -23) 37

Deuteronomy 16 Lessons for Today • The Passover and feast of unleavened bread was

Deuteronomy 16 Lessons for Today • The Passover and feast of unleavened bread was a time to remember Israel’s deliverance from bondage (16: 1 -8): Jesus is our Passover (1 Cor. 5: 6 -8) • The feast of weeks (Pentecost) was time of Israel’s thankfulness (16: 9 -12) • The feast of tabernacles was a time to remember God’s provision for Israel in the wilderness (16: 13 -17) 38

Deuteronomy 16 Lessons for Today • Remembering one’s deliverance from bondage will help keep

Deuteronomy 16 Lessons for Today • Remembering one’s deliverance from bondage will help keep one faithful to God (16: 3, 12) • Give back to God what you are able and as you have prospered (16: 17) • God demands righteous / fair judgment (16: 18 -20) • The Lord hates idolatry (16: 21 -22) 39

Deuteronomy 17 Lessons for Today • Offer the Lord your best – anything less

Deuteronomy 17 Lessons for Today • Offer the Lord your best – anything less is an abomination (17: 1) • Idolatry is an abomination and punishable by death (17: 2 -7) • Follow the judgment given by God’s judges / priests or else be put to death (17: 8 -13) • A leader of God’s people must trust in God and read / obey God’s word (17: 14 -20) 40

Deuteronomy 17 Lessons for Today (Deut. 17: 18 -20) Writing God’s word leads to…

Deuteronomy 17 Lessons for Today (Deut. 17: 18 -20) Writing God’s word leads to… Reading God’s word leads to… Learning God’s word leads to… Keeping / doing God’s word leads to… Humility with God’s word leads to… Straight course with God’s word leads to… Prolonged days with God’s word 41

Deuteronomy 18 Lessons for Today • Support the priests because the Lord is their

Deuteronomy 18 Lessons for Today • Support the priests because the Lord is their inheritance (18: 1 -8) • Do not learn the ways of the world and follow them (18: 9 -14) • Obey the prophet that God will raise up like unto Moses (18: 15 -19): the prophet Jesus (Acts 3: 22 -23) • Prophets who lie will die (18: 20 -22) 43

Deuteronomy 19 Lessons for Today • The Lord does not want innocent blood shed

Deuteronomy 19 Lessons for Today • The Lord does not want innocent blood shed (19: 1 -10). However, the Lord does want guilty murders put to death (19: 11 -13) • We show our love for God by obeying his commandments (19: 9) • Do not remove the ancient landmarks (19: 14) • False witnesses are to be punished as a deterrent to the rest of Israel (19: 15 -21) 44

Deuteronomy 20 Lessons for Today • Do not fear your enemies in battle because

Deuteronomy 20 Lessons for Today • Do not fear your enemies in battle because the Lord is on your side to save you (20: 1 -4) • Those to fearful to fight will discourage their brethren from fighting (20: 8) • Don’t let the world teach you wrong-doing and thus sin against the Lord your God (20: 18) • Protect the environment that supports your well-being (20: 19 -20) 45

Deuteronomy 21 Lessons for Today • The Lord does not condone the shedding of

Deuteronomy 21 Lessons for Today • The Lord does not condone the shedding of innocent blood (21: 8 -9) • Treat your spouse and your children fairly (21: 10 -17) • Stubborn and rebellious children should be disciplined and are a cause of evil among the people (21: 18 -21) • The death penalty (“worthy of death”) is ordained of God (21: 22 -23) and the one hanged is accursed of God (see Gal. 3: 13) 46

Deuteronomy 22 Lessons for Today • God expects us to be kind, courteous, and

Deuteronomy 22 Lessons for Today • God expects us to be kind, courteous, and helpful to our neighbor (22: 1 -4) • God expects mankind to respect the rights and boundaries of others (22: 5 -11) • God expects his people to remember his word daily (22: 12; Num. 15: 37 -41) • God expects sexual purity to be maintained between men and women at all times (22: 13 -30; Heb. 13: 4) 47

Deuteronomy 23 Lessons for Today • The Lord wants purity when his people assemble

Deuteronomy 23 Lessons for Today • The Lord wants purity when his people assemble (23: 1 -8) • The Lord wants purity when his people camp (23: 9 -14) • The Lord wants purity when his people deal with others (23: 15 -25) 48

Deuteronomy 24 Lessons for Today • Unlawful divorce and remarriage is an abomination to

Deuteronomy 24 Lessons for Today • Unlawful divorce and remarriage is an abomination to the Lord (22: 1 -4) • Marriage is to be a joyous relationship (24: 5) • A pledge (security deposit) should not deprive one of his basic necessities (22: 6, 10 -13, 17 -18) • Human trafficking is evil in the sight of the Lord (22: 7) • Remember how God dealt with disrespect (22: 8 -9) 49

Deuteronomy 24 Lessons for Today • Do not oppress the poor (22: 14 -15)

Deuteronomy 24 Lessons for Today • Do not oppress the poor (22: 14 -15) • Each person is responsible for his own sin (22: 16; Ezek. 18: 6) • Provide for the poor (24: 19 -22) • Remembering our past blessings from God will help us to bless others today (22: 18, 22) 50

Deuteronomy 25 Lessons for Today • True judgment will always defend what is right

Deuteronomy 25 Lessons for Today • True judgment will always defend what is right and condemn what is wrong (22: 1 -3) • The laborer (man or animal) is worthy of the hire (22: 4; 1 Cor. 9: 9; 1 Tim. 5: 18) • Be willing to sacrifice for family (22: 5 -10; Ruth 4: 1 -10) • Do not exploit a man’s weakness (25: 11 -12) • Unjust business practices are an abomination to the Lord (22: 13 -16) • The Lord’s enemies are our enemies (25: 17 -19) 51

Deuteronomy 26 Lessons for Today • Offer to the Lord the first and the

Deuteronomy 26 Lessons for Today • Offer to the Lord the first and the best when we come to worship him (26: 1 -11) • Remember to support the needy (26: 12) • We must live in such a way that we can say “I” have obeyed the Lord in all things (26: 13 -14) • Blessings follow obedience (22: 15) • Honor follows obedience (26: 16 -19) 52

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 5: 6 -21 12:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 5: 6 -21 12: 1 -32 13: 1 -18 14: 1 -2 14: 3 -21 14: 22 -29 15: 1 -23 Laws Ten Commandments Offerings at “the place” Idolatry forbidden Cutting forbidden Clean / unclean animals Tithing Debt, poverty, servants, first of the flock 53

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 16: 1 -8 16:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 16: 1 -8 16: 9 -12 16: 13 -17 16: 18 -20 16: 21 – 17: 7 17: 8 -13 17: 14 -20 Laws Passover, unleavened bread Feast of weeks Feast of tabernacles Righteous judges Idolatry punished Judgment in hard matters Kings and God’s word 54

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 18: 1 -8 18:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 18: 1 -8 18: 9 -14 19: 1 -10 19: 11 -13 19: 14 19: 15 -21 20: 1 -20 Laws Support the priesthood Divination forbidden Cities of refuge Murder punished Landmarks respected False testimony punished Rules of war 55

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 21: 1 -9 21:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 21: 1 -9 21: 10 -14 21: 15 -17 21: 18 -21 21: 22 -23 22: 1 -4 22: 5 Laws Unknown murder Marriage of a captive Sons from two wives Rebellious children Hanging laws Assist your neighbor Mixed apparel is forbidden 56

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 22: 6 -7 22:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 22: 6 -7 22: 8 22: 9 -10 22: 12 22: 13 -21 22: 22 -24 22: 25 -27 Laws Animal protection Building codes Unlawful mixing forbidden Border fringes Spousal purity regulated Consensual sex regulated Forced sex regulated 57

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 22: 28 -29 22:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 22: 28 -29 22: 30 23: 1 -8 23: 9 -14 23: 15 -16 23: 17 -18 23: 19 -20 Laws Marriage to a virgin Sex with mother forbidden Assembly exclusions Unclean camp Escaped servants Prostitution / Sodomy Lending / interest laws 58

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 23: 21 -23 23:

Laws in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapters 5 -26 Location 23: 21 -23 23: 24 -25 Laws Keeping vows Hunger provided for 59

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Ten Commandments restated (5)

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Ten Commandments restated (5) • Israel exhorted to observe God’s law, warnings against apostasy, God’s law is for our good (6) • Warnings against apostasy, blessings of obedience, destroy the enemy (7) • Jehovah’s gracious dealings with Israel recalled, bless God for the prosperity, warnings against apostasy (8) 60

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Israel reminded of their

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Israel reminded of their sin at Mt. Sinai (9) • Israel called upon to fear God and keep his commandments (10) • Obedience brings blessings, disobedience brings a curse, a blessing and a curse (11) • Offerings at “the place” (12) • Idolatry forbidden (13) 61

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Cutting forbidden, clean /

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Cutting forbidden, clean / unclean animals, tithing (14) • Debts, poverty, servants, and firstlings (15) • Three feasts, righteous judgment, idolatry (16) • Idolatry, righteous judgment, king’s responsibilities (17) • Support the priesthood, divination forbidden, the true prophet (18) 62

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Cities of refuge, murder

Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) Introspective: Look Within • Cities of refuge, murder punished, landmarks respected, false testimony punished (19) • Rules of war (20) • Various rules and laws respecting all areas of life (2126) 63

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look back to what God had done • Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) – Introspective: look within to what God expects • Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) – Prospective: look ahead to what God will do • Moses’ Fourth Sermon (Deut. 31 -33) – Circumspective: look outward to what God is • Moses’ Death (Deut. 34) 64

Deuteronomy: Renewing the Covenant Between Man and Man Covenant Between God and Man Ancient

Deuteronomy: Renewing the Covenant Between Man and Man Covenant Between God and Man Ancient Treaties Description Exodus – Lev. Deuteronomy Joshua 24 Introduction Author identified Exodus 20: 1 1: 1 -5 verses 1 -2 Historical Prologue Past relations between parties Exodus 20: 2 1: 6 – 4: 49 verses 3 -13 Stipulations Obligations and duties of the people Exodus 2023, 34; Lev. 125 5: 1 – 26: 19 verses 14 -25 Document Recording Exodus 25: 16 27: 1 -8 verse 26 Curses and Blessings Obedience or disobedience Leviticus 26 28: 1 -68 verse 20 Witnesses God called None 31: 1 – 32: 43 verse 22, 27 65

Deuteronomy 27 Lessons for Today • God’s word is to be communicated plainly to

Deuteronomy 27 Lessons for Today • God’s word is to be communicated plainly to all the people (27: 1 -8) • Obedience to the Lord is a responsibility and blessing of being his people (27: 9 -10) • The Lord has two sides: a blessing side and a cursing side (27: 11 -14). Which side will you face? 66

Deuteronomy 27 Lessons for Today • The following activities are cursed by God (27:

Deuteronomy 27 Lessons for Today • The following activities are cursed by God (27: 15 -26): – Idolatry – Dishonoring parents – Removing a landmark – Mistreating the blind – Injustice – Sexual immorality with man or beast – Murder – Bribery to kill – REFUSAL TO OBEY (27: 26) 67

Deuteronomy 28 Lessons for Today • Obedience to God’s word leads to physical and

Deuteronomy 28 Lessons for Today • Obedience to God’s word leads to physical and spiritual blessings (28: 1 -14) • A blessed people of God will be noticed by the world (28: 10) • Disobedience to God’s word leads to enormous cursing, consumption, castigation, condemnation, and captivity (28: 15 -68) • Obedience to God should come from a joyful and glad heart (28: 47) 68

Deuteronomy 28 Lessons for Today • “Tender” and “delicate” men and women turn to

Deuteronomy 28 Lessons for Today • “Tender” and “delicate” men and women turn to evil in times of difficulty (28: 54 -57) • The name of the Lord is both glorious and fearful (28: 58) 69

Deuteronomy 29 Lessons for Today • God’s covenant is backed by God’s good blessings

Deuteronomy 29 Lessons for Today • God’s covenant is backed by God’s good blessings (29: 1 -9) • God’s covenant is for everyone in the family (29: 10 -13) • Sometimes God’s people copy the evil that they see in the world and they think that they will not be punished by God for their evil (29: 14 -21) • The Lord can get angry and punish sin (29: 22 -28) • God’s revelation is practical, for doing (29: 29) 70

Deuteronomy 30 Lessons for Today • Genuine repentance will lead to God’s restoration (30:

Deuteronomy 30 Lessons for Today • Genuine repentance will lead to God’s restoration (30: 1 -10) • Genuine repentance demands returning to all of God’s word with all of one’s heart (30: 2, 6, 10) • God’s word is available to all and accessible to all (30: 11 -14; Rom. 10: 6 -8) • Life is about making the right choice: obedienceblessing-life or disobedience-curse-death (30: 15 -19) • God is our life and length of days (30: 20) 71

Deuteronomy 27 -30 No Excuses For Future Generations • All of God’s word is

Deuteronomy 27 -30 No Excuses For Future Generations • All of God’s word is to be recorded and read plainly before all the people ahead of time (27: 1 -8) • All the people agree to the curses saying “Amen” ahead of time (27: 9 -26) • All the different divine blessings and curses are given ahead of time (28: 1 -68) • All the generations under God’s covenant are considered ahead of time (29: 1 -29) 72

Deuteronomy 27 -30 No Excuses For Future Generations • All genuine repentance leading to

Deuteronomy 27 -30 No Excuses For Future Generations • All genuine repentance leading to restoration is considered ahead of time (30: 1 -10) • All of God’s word is available and accessible to the people ahead of time (30: 11 -14) • All choices and their consequences are set before the people ahead of time (30: 15 -20) 73

Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) Prospective: Look Ahead • God’s law to be

Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) Prospective: Look Ahead • God’s law to be recorded and read at Ebal and Gerizim before all the people (27) • Divine blessing will be given for obedience, divine cursing will be given for disobedience (28) • God’s covenant renewed on the Plains of Moab (29) • Repentance brings restoration, God’s word is near, choose good / life over evil / death (30) 74

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look

Outline of the Book • Moses’ First Sermon (Deut. 1 -4) – Retrospective: look back to what God had done • Moses’ Second Sermon (Deut. 5 -26) – Introspective: look within to what God expects • Moses’ Third Sermon (Deut. 27 -30) – Prospective: look ahead to what God will do • Moses’ Fourth Sermon (Deut. 31 -33) – Circumspective: look outward to what God is • Moses’ Death (Deut. 34) 75

Deuteronomy 31 Lessons for Today • Men must be raised up to lead a

Deuteronomy 31 Lessons for Today • Men must be raised up to lead a new generation of God’s people (31: 1 -3) • God’s people and God’s leaders must “be strong and of courage” as they journey (31: 4 -8, 23) • God’s law must be read, learned, and observed by all people on a regular basis (31: 9 -13) • God’s word is a witness against the people of God who commit evil and fall away (31: 14 -30) 76

Deuteronomy 31 Lessons for Today • God’s people fall away because of: – Spiritual

Deuteronomy 31 Lessons for Today • God’s people fall away because of: – Spiritual harlotry / attracted to evil (31: 16, 18) – Full of self and society (31: 20 -21) – Rebellion against good (31: 27, 29) • Some people will get worse when good leadership is not present (31: 16, 27, 29) 77

Deuteronomy 32 Lessons for Today • God has demonstrated his faithfulness toward his people

Deuteronomy 32 Lessons for Today • God has demonstrated his faithfulness toward his people throughout the ages (32: 1 -14) • God’s people have demonstrated their unfaithfulness toward God throughout the ages (32: 15 -18) • God will judge and punish the unfaithfulness of his own people (32: 19 -36) • False gods (“the rock”) will not save a person from the judgment of the true God (“the Rock”) (32: 37 -43) • We are often reminded of the consequences of our sins later in life (32: 48 -52) 78

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God gives his law to his people (33:

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God gives his law to his people (33: 1 -4) • God blesses his people (33: 5 -29): – Reuben: numerous years and people – Judah: conquer enemies – Levi: righteous obedience, teaching, and worship – Benjamin: love and safe protection 79

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God blesses his people (33: 5 -29): –

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God blesses his people (33: 5 -29): – Joseph: prosperous land people – Zebulun and Issachar: joyous prosperity and trade – Gad: military power, obedience – Dan: vigorous conflict – Naphtali: favor and blessing 80

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God blesses his people (33: 5 -29): –

Deuteronomy 33 Lessons for Today • God blesses his people (33: 5 -29): – Asher: blessed with children and acceptance – Note: Simeon is not blessed in this chapter • God protects his people (33: 26 -29) 81

Deuteronomy 34 Lessons for Today • Some will get a glimpse of heaven but

Deuteronomy 34 Lessons for Today • Some will get a glimpse of heaven but will never enter into it in the judgment day (34: 1 -4; Heb. 6: 4 -6) • God keeps his word (34: 4 -5) • Will we make a genuine contribution in life that will be truly missed when we die (34: 6 -8)? • Great men need to be raised up to take the place of great leaders who have passed from this life (34: 9 -12) 82

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There will be tests

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There will be tests and trials as God’s people journey: will you be faithful to God? • There is a law of God for his people as they journey: will you obey it? • There will be worldly influences directed at God’s people as they journey: will you be warned? will you be holy? 83

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There is authorized worship

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There is authorized worship for God’s people as they journey: will you be true, sincere, sacrificial, and supportive in your worship? • There is an organized manner of travel as God leads his people on their journey: will you walk orderly? • There will be battles along the way as God’s people journey: will you fight for right? 84

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There are duties for

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There are duties for God’s people to accomplish on the journey: will you perform them faithfully? • There is one, proper leadership to guide God’s people on their journey: will you follow the leadership? • There will be those among God’s people who will rebel, disobey and fall away as they journey: will you be one of them? 85

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There will be leaders

The Wilderness Wanderings in Review Journey to God’s Rest-Land • There will be leaders who will sacrifice to take God’s people on their journey: will you be one of them? • There will be rewards (blessing) for obedience and punishment (cursing) for disobedience at the end of the journey: which one will you receive? • There is a faithful God who will take care of his people on their journey: will you reverence and trust in him? 86