The Battle of Kadesh The Battle of Kadesh

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The Battle of Kadesh

The Battle of Kadesh

� The Battle of Kadesh � Kadesh was a famous battle between the Egyptians

� The Battle of Kadesh � Kadesh was a famous battle between the Egyptians led by Ramses II (the Great) and the Hittites. Kadesh was a city-state situated at the end of the Lebanese mountains, and had been the subject of conflict between the Egyptians and Hittites during the reign of Ramses' father Seti, after which the Hittites had retained the city. Ramses took a large army north with him to regain the city, divided into four divisions. Ten miles from the city the Egyptian army captured two Bedouin, Hittite spies, who convinced Ramses that the Hittite army was still over one hundred miles north of the city. Ramses decided to march at speed on Kadesh, thinking that the city would be vulnerable. Unfortunately, the Hittite army was already at Kadesh, and when the Egyptians were split by the river Orontes, they attacked. The first two divisions, which included that of Ramses, appear to have disintegrated under the shock attack, leaving Ramses temporarily very vulnerable. � Luckily for him, the Hittite attack was limited in scale, and the arrival of elite Egyptian forces saved him, and the remains of the Egyptian army arrived to secure Ramses' position. On the following day, some forms of negotiation appear to have happened, after which Ramses and his army returned to Egypt. For the rest of his reign, Ramses claimed Kadesh as a great victory, and details of the battle were carved on the walls of his many temples and monuments. The Hittite sources suggest a different story, with the bruised and battered Egyptian army forced to withdraw, and the Hittites victorious, and their version of the story is supported by their continued occupation of Kadesh.

Fought between the _____ and the ______

Fought between the _____ and the ______

Ankhesanum- King Tut’s widow; proposed marriage alliance with the Hittites.

Ankhesanum- King Tut’s widow; proposed marriage alliance with the Hittites.

Why did the battle take place?

Why did the battle take place?

Egyptian Chariots

Egyptian Chariots

Hittite Chariots

Hittite Chariots

Ramses II

Ramses II

Muwatalli

Muwatalli

The Battle of Kadesh �Ramses II marches his troops (______ divisions) t 0 Kadesh.

The Battle of Kadesh �Ramses II marches his troops (______ divisions) t 0 Kadesh.

Deception �Two Bedouin Traders Captured.

Deception �Two Bedouin Traders Captured.

End Results?

End Results?