- Slides: 45
The Ancestral Pueblo People: The Anasazi
Who were the Anasazi? Their tribes evolved from the nomadic Paleo Indians to sedentary They are the ancestors of the modern- day Pueblo Indians.
Who were they? • These tribes developed in the four corners area around 1 A. D. and lasted until 1300 A. D. • At that time they abandon the great pueblos and went to live by the Rio Grande River • Creating the Pueblo People of NM today • They created over 36 separate pueblos throughout NM
G-Geography of the Anasazi Where were they? • Lived in the four corners area or the south west of the U. S • 20 different tribes spread out in CO, NM, AZ, and UT
What was the Climate like Where they lived? • It was hot and dry with only 12 inches of rain a year
Vegetation? • Desert Scrub Vegetation which means: cactus, yucca, shrubs, things that are close to the ground
What adaptations did the Anasazi make to survive in their environment?
Lack of wood or trees • Since there are not that many trees in the four corners area Anasazi adapted by building their homes our of adobe. • Adobe-a mixture of clay, dirt, and straw that they molded into bricks
Had abundance of yucca in the area…and no cotton • So made clothing and wove things made from yucca fibers
R- Religion • They believed in many gods all of which were represented in nature: sun god, mother earth, rain god • They believed these gods controlled everything • Example: If they did not get rain they would pray to the rain god with ceremonies in hopes of rain
• Held ceremonies, dances, and rituals in kivas • Only men could go into the kivas
Anasazi Religious Ceremonies • Religious concepts/events linked with seasonal tasks- farming (in spring and summer), hunting (in fall and winter) • Animal figures pecked or painted on rockpossibly prayer/rituals for successful hunting. • Public and Private Ceremonies were held.
Achievements and Art of the Anasazi • Had cities throughout the four corners area that had apartment style buildings that could house hundreds of people and they were in the sides of cliffs
Mesa Verde-Spruce Tree House
Had roads connected to other tribes for trade
Irrigation and dams
Created Pottery- for all kinds of things
Extreme Weaving Skills
Petroglyphs and Pictographs-one of the first writing systems in North America
Politics- • Organized into clans-a group of people related to each other • Each clan elected a clan leader called a headman • That person usually was the oldest person of the clan-could be woman or man • The headsman would meet together in councils or meetings and make a decision for the tribe with popular vote (1 st democracy) • Headman would in charge of their clan
Economy-How did they survive • For the most part they farmed corn, beans, and squash feeding up to 20, 000 • Hunted small and big game and gathered • Traded with other tribes of the SW
Trading • Anasazi would trade turquoise, pottery, copper, and jewelry to get shells, cocoa, parrot feathers and copper bells
Social Structure • Anasazi were matrilineal-meaning all the property and farmland were inherited through the mother • There were men jobs-hunting, irrigation and dams, and most of the farming work • Women cleaned, looked after children, helped with planting, cooking, weaving, pottery, and clothing making,
• Anasazi did not really have social classes everyone was pretty much equal • But the priest of the tribe was the most respected and listened to-because he spoke with the gods • Headsman were also respected and listened too
Anasazi believed in many gods, that is called?
What area is the Anasazi located in?
Most religious ceremonies took place in?
What type of jewelry did they make and trade with?
What did the Anasazi build to adapt to the lack of water in the four corners area?
What did the Anasazi build their homes out of to adapt to the lack of trees?
Clans were ran by headmen, how were headmen selected?
Name one achievement of the Anasazi?