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Term 3 and 4 • Term 3 and 4 Topic: Mr Daly Friday, 25 September 2020 Changing Australian Communities Human characteristics that make Australia unique Key questions Demographic characteristics: – Age structure – Distribution – Ethnic composition – Gender – Growth rates – Population size
Age structure Population size Distribution Demographic characteristics Ethnic composition Growth rates Gender
Australia’s Population 1901 - 2006 Year Population 1901 3 788 000 1921 5 455 000 1941 7 100 000 1961 10 548 000 1981 14 923 000 2001 19 413 000 Countries of Birth migrants to Australia, 2005 -6 Source regions of migrants to Australia
Australia’s Population Size The main way we measure Australia’s population size is through the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The ABS conducts a census of the Australian population. It found in March 2006 that the Australian population is growing at about 1 person every two minutes. Australia’s population growth before European settlers were have been estimated between 300, 000 to 1 million people. After European settlers arrived the population grew slowly. This was due to the harshness of the conditions, disease and the availability of food World War One, The Great Depress and World War two have also hindered Australian population growth
Australia’s Population Size Australia’s population size is growing, however it is not because Australian’s are having more babies. In fact, birth and fertility rates are actually declining Australia is increasing its population size through immigration. By letting people from all over the world move to Australia, we are increasing our population. This strengthens our economy and improves society.
Australian Population Growth Mr Daly Friday, 25 September 2020 • Much of Australia’s growth occurs in major towns or cities. • The fastest growing areas are generally on the outskirts of capital cities such as Sydney. • As the population continues to grow, other amenities such as schools, hospitals and sporting facilities are built
Country Population Size Capital City Languages Religions Life Expectancy Area GNI per capita Main Exports Australia Developed Developing Less Developed