- Slides: 33
History of Tennis: § Earliest Form of tennis was called Le jeu du paume, which means “game of the palm” § First restricted to the nobility only § Racquets were introduced soon to the game, played indoors § End of 17 th century very popular and was called court tennis § Tennis came from crocket and badminton § 1877 All England Croquet Club and Lawn Tennis developed and devised new rules for what is now know as Tennis.
Regulations The Court § 21 Feet between baseline and fence at each end § 12 feet of room at each side court § 12 foot fence all around court § Court 78 feet long baseline to baseline § http: //www. expert-tennistips. com/tennis-courtdimensions. html
Tennis Court § 27 Feet wide on baseline singles match § 36 feet wide for a doubles match § Court divided by a net § Net suspended by cord or metal cable and be attached to two net posts at a height of 3½ft
Tennis Court § Net needs to be made of mesh- ball should not fit through it § Net height is 3 ½ ft at the center and held down by a strap § Maximum width of the center strap is 2 in
Tennis Court Lines § Lines at end of court are the baselines § Lines at side of the court are sidelines § Service line is drawn 21 feet away form net and divided into 2 equal squares called the service boxes § From the Center service box line draw an imaginary line from the net to the baseline and make an 2 in wide line separating the baseline into two parts- deuce and add sides
Equipment Men’s Shorts Women’s Dress Men’s Shirt Racket Bag Shoe Racket
Tennis Equipment Ball Grip Ball Machine String Hat
Rules of tennis: § The court: § § § 78 feet long and 27 ft wide Rectangle shaped Net- cuts court in half Height of Net 36 inches Net held down by a strap § The Ball: § Approved for play under Rules of Tennis
§ Permanent Fixtures: § § § § Net posts Singles sticks Cord or metal cable Strap Band All referees and fans are permanent fixtures
§ Clothing: § Surfaces: § USPTA, USTA or IFT Certified § Special Shoes Tennis court shoes only § Shirt on all times § Shorts, skirt, or dress § Check Tournament standard or Limitations of clothing § § § Rebound Ace Clay- red, grey Grass Hard Website list different types of tennis courts § http: //www. itftennis. c om/technical/equipm ent/courts/courtlist. as p
§ Racket: § Hitting surface has to be flat and have a crossed stings connected to frame and alternately interlaced or bonded where they cross § Frame not exceed 29 inches in length § Frame of racket not exceed 12 ½ inches in overall width § Hitting surface not exceed 15 ½ inches overall length and 11 ½ inches in overall width § Handle be attached to frame § No devices of any sort that will improve performance is allowed on the racket § Only one set strings on racket § Vibration devices on racket
§ Server and Receiver: § Players stand on opposites sides of net, Player that delivers the first ball is the Server and other is Receiver § Choice ends and Service: § Coin toss determines who chooses what end you want or who serves the ball § Foot Fault: § When the Foot goes over line before contact with the ball is made on the serve § Delivery of Service: § Start on right side (Deuce side ) of court and serve to opposite box to the retuner
§ Delivery of Service: § Start on right side (Deuce side ) of court and serve to opposite box to the returner § Serve has to land in the service box § If the serve hit’s the line inside the service box (Except the doubles alley and sideline ) then the ball is in § Ball cannot be bounced and the hit as a serve § Overhead or Underhand serve is allowed § Service Fault: § When the ball is outside the service box, in a doubles alley , hit’s the net § Two chances to get the serve into play before the opponent wins the point § When to Serve:
§ When to Serve: § When the receiver is ready, if server is not ready ( If their back is turned or bending to tie their shoes and the Server serves the ball then it is replayed § The Let rule: § During the serve if the ball hit’s the net and lands in the appropriate service box then the serve is replayed as the first serve § If the ball hit’s the net and lands outside service box then a second serve is played § No limit on amount of lets in a game § A let is called during play if another courts ball or opponent is on your court and is a distraction then you call a let and replay the point out
§ Score system: § The server calls their score first then opponents before each point unless you are on T. V. then the umpire says the score: § 0 = love § 15 § 30 § 40 § Deuce § Advantage in = Server § Advantage out= Receiver § To End a game you have to reach 40 and win the next point § Sets: § The first to win six games, except they must win by a margin of two games, § Play best 3 of 5 sets § If games are tied 6, 6 then you play a tie breaker § Tie breaker- first to win seven points, if lead by 2 points= score has to be 7 -5 to win the tiebreaker
§ To win a Point: § Server or receiver hit ball out of court, into the net or miss the ball § Double fault § If the ball bounces twice § Player uses fowl or unethical court conduct will loose points, games, sets, and get kicked out of tournament § If You show up late to an match after 15 min you loose an game, eventually disqualified § IF a ball touches an permanent fixture besides the net, posts, sticks, cord or metal cable strap, if ball hits the umpire and goes into play you the player who hit the umpire looses point
§ When Players change ends: § Players change ends at end of 1 st, 3 rd and every subsequent alternate game of each set § End of each set if the total of games are not even § Officials: § USTA certified Junior and Adult tournaments are based on Honesty system, no officials, call the ball out by signals § Honesty signals: Out= hold finger up or say out § Shot is in= palm down and or say good shot § Let= say let § Depending on size and code of tournament a roaming umpire is around, to settle a disputes.
Professional Tennis § Professional Matches have officials: Chair umpire, Ball boys and girls, line judges and an Official in the office above the court, computers and sensor machines help with line calls.
Coaches § No coaching during match in USTA Certified tennis event § Coaching Allowed in NCAA (College), and Davis Cup Team § Coaches can watch match and take notes, if caught giving signals to student in match thrown out of tournament
Type of Coaches § § § § Fitness Coach Personal Trainer Tennis Professional-Your coach Hitting Coach/ Partner Strength and Condition Coach Sport Nutritionist Sport Psychologist
Strategy § Write In Tennis Journal Notes of how opponents play - strength and weakness § Watch Film or matches of opponents/ take notes in a tennis journal § Use your strengths to your advantage § Have a game plan before go on court § Mentally prepared to play match § End of match write down strength and weakness of your opponent and devise a new game plan on how to beat them if you lost or won § Environmental conditions
§ During Warm Up Observe opponent § 1. Are they right or left handed § 2. Do you know their weakness and strengths § 3. Where do the hit the ball § § A. down the line, cross court, in middle court, B. Deep or shallow C. Forehand or Backhand is it weak or strong D. Good cross court shot or passing shot § 3. How are their Volleys § § § A. Weak B. Strong C. Are they comfortable at the net
§ 4. How do they approach a short ball § A. good or bad § B. is it uncomfortable for them § 5. Serve § A. Where do they place the Serve on Deuce side § B. Where do the y place it on the Add out Side § C. Second Serve- good bad § D. Can you attack the second serve and go on the offensive § E. Placement of Second serve is where
§ Watch Film or matches of opponents/ take notes in a tennis journal § Use your strengths to your advantage § Have a game plan before go on court § Mentally prepared to play match § End of match write down strength and weakness of your opponent and devise a new game plan on how to beat them if you lost § Write down what type of player they Are- they an all court, serve and volley, baseline player
Psychomotor Skills § Forehand- Hold racket in dominant hand, with proper grip, turn and pivot your shoulders and feet to right for right hander, proceed to a downward swing, let the racket drop to about knee level, followed by upward swing till contact with ball is made, racket face should be vertical at impact, follow through and catch the racket with non dominant hand by opposite shoulder.
§ Backhand § one handed or two handed -Same as above, just different grip, and turn to your left for a back hand groundstroke. § Video Forehand Backhand-slow motion § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Emzm Bp_Zdw 4&mode=related&search=
§ Serve- Hold racket in dominant hand with proper grip, feet should line up at opposite net post, non dominant hand should toss the ball, now rotate your hips till your head face sideline and toss the ball out to the side of your body and to the right, racket should make contact with ball about four of five inches inside the court, racket should follow through to opposite side of your body, Your no dominant hand racket should make an X on the finish. §
§ How fast can you serve the Ball. § The fastest recorded serves in tennis history: Andy Roddick, U. S. , 150 mph, 2004 Davis Cup Andy Roddick, U. S. , 149 mph, 2003 Queen's Club Greg Rusedski, Britain, 149 mph, 1998 Indian Wells Taylor Dent, U. S. , 144 mph, 2001 Wimbledon Mark Philippoussis, Australia, 142. 3 mph, 1997 Dusseldorf Gilles Elseneer, Belgium, 140 mph, 2003 Basel Julian Alonso, Spain, 140 mph, 1997 Long Island Women’s serve: Venus Williams 124 mph, Serena Williams 121 Mph
Serve Video § Roddick Serve Power. Ade Commercial and in Slow Motion § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=m. EUl. D Lwh 90 o § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=hnf. Ax. F 5 a 8 a. E&mode=related&search=
§ Lob § Slice § Video Justine Back hand slice shot § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Gz. W 401 yri 4&mode=related&search= § § § Approach shot Drop volley Volley- either a forehand or backhand § http: //www. vicbradentennis. com/tennis-tippast. html
Video of Tennis Matches Roger Feeder and Andy Roddick § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=2 Hp. EAr. V 6 s 8&mode=related&search= § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=O 1 ZUd 4 QI 5 d 8& feature=Play. List&p=986717 F 5 A 35233 BF&index=5 § Longest point played § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=b. Txk. DWu. JKC 4 &NR § Serena and Venus Williams § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Iq 9 Zg 9 Dh. TKc& mode=related&search=
Source- Web Sites § www. uspta. com § http: //www. itftennis. com/technical/ § http: //www. vicbradentennis. com/tennis-tippast. html § http: //www. expert-tennis-tips. com/tennis-courtdimensions. html § http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=O 1 ZUd 4 QI 5 d 8&feature=Play. List&p=986717 F 5 A 35233 BF&i ndex=5