TEKS 8 C Calculate percent composition and empirical

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TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women's Rights 1865–

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women's Rights 1865– 1920

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Objectives • Describe

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Objectives • Describe how women won the right to vote. • Identify the new opportunities that women gained during the Progressive Era. • Explain how the temperance movement gained strength during the early 1900 s.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People • Carrie Chapman Catt – leader of the women’s movement who devised a strategy to win suffrage • suffragist – person who worked for women’s right to vote • Alice Paul – suffragist who worked for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Terms and People (continued) • Frances Willard – president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union • prohibition – a ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. How did women

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. How did women gain new rights? At the turn of the century, women gained new rights by laboring in fields and factories, working as reformers, and petitioning the government for equality.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women continued to

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women continued to struggle for equality in the professional world. Slowly, more and more women gained the advanced degrees needed to enter a profession. By 1900, there were: • 1, 000 women lawyers • 7, 000 women doctors

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women made important

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Women made important contributions as reformers, tackling many difficult issues of the day. • Raised money for libraries, schools, and parks • Demanded pure food and drugs • Pressed for laws protecting women and children • Boycotted goods produced by children • Investigated conditions in sweatshops • Worked to end segregation and violence against African Americans

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Many women took

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Many women took a leading role in the temperance movement, favoring prohibition. They hoped to convince others of what they believed were the moral evils of alcohol.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Frances Willard, the

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Frances Willard, the president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, called for states to ban the sale of alcohol. Carrie Nation took more violent actions, storming into saloons and smashing liquor bottles.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In 1917, Congress

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In 1917, Congress passed the Eighteenth Amendment, enforcing prohibition. Eighteenth Amendment • The amendment was ratified by the states in 1919.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. By far, however,

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. By far, however, the most important goal of women reformers was women’s suffrage. The Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 marked the start of an organized women’s movement, which continued after the Civil War. National Woman Suffrage Association • Founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1869 • Pushed for a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In the West,

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In the West, where women worked alongside men, women won the right to vote before 1900. As more and more women began to work outside the home, support for women’s suffrage grew across the nation.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Though some women

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Though some women could vote in state and local elections, many still could not vote in federal elections. Calls continued for an amendment allowing women in all the states to vote in all elections. Most politicians, however, opposed women’s suffrage.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In the early

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In the early 1900 s, a new generation of suffragists such as Carrie Chapman Catt took up the campaign to win the vote. She and her supporters devised a plan to win suffrage state by state.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. One by one,

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. One by one, states in the West and Midwest gave women the right to vote.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The suffragist Alice

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The suffragist Alice Paul took her protests to the White House. President Wilson eventually pledged his support.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Finally, in 1919,

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Finally, in 1919, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote. Nineteenth Amendment • The amendment was ratified by the states in 1920.

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Nineteenth Amendment

TEKS 8 C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Nineteenth Amendment doubled the number of eligible voters. Some people saw women’s suffrage as the final victory, while others saw it as one step on the road to full equality.