- Slides: 25
TALES AND LEGENDS
Tales and legends are old stories. Tales are not real. They are stories about events, animals, good or bad people , imaginary characters like faries, giants and monsters. Legends tell us about history, traditions, brave and helpful people. They are sometimes true, but sometimes not true. How do we know old stories? The first people on earth told stories in pictures. They drew picture stories on rocks. Later, old people told stories and young people listened when they came together. People travelled and the stories travelled, too. Stories passed from person to person , from generation to generation. They were sometimes the same , sometimes different. The people invented writing and they wrote the stories. More people learned them. ‘’ When you say a word, it flies away, When you write a word , it’s always there. ’’
A)Legents are never true. ( ) B)The stories were not always the same. ( ) C)First people wrote stories on papers. ( ) D)A lot of people learned stories after the invention of writing( ) A)Not real……………. B)People of the same period……………. .
tradition giant monsters brave fairies imaginary
*Robin Hood *Ergenekon *Köroğlu *William Tell *Gulliver’s Travels *Nareddin Hodja *Cindirella *King Arthur *Hansel and Gretel *Köroğlu *……………….
Nasreddin Hodja was a very clever Turkish character. There are usually lessons in his stories. He was from Sivrihisar, but his tomb is in Akşehir. His stories are in many languages and they are popular in a lot of countries. Hodja was on the riverside and he was half asleep. A man from the opposite side of the river shouted at him: -Hey, how do I get across the river? He said: -You are across.
Murat is a Turkish boy and he is a seventh grade student. He has a friend from Denmark for the’’Children’s Day’’Her name is Rikkie and they are talking about stories. Murat: Do you like listening the stories, Rikkie? Rikkie: Yes, I love stories. My mother tells us very good stories. Murat: My grandmother tells stories , too. I’m sorry , but she isn’t here. Rikkie: Oh, really? Could you tell me a Turkish story? Murat: I can’t tell stories very well, but I have a very good story book. It’s about Turkish legends. If you want , I can read you a story. Rikkie: Yes, I’m ready to listen. Murat: It’s a very famous Turkish folk story. The name of the story is ‘’Köroğlu’’
Many many years ago , there was a bad man in Bolu. People called him ‘’Bolu Beyi’’. He was very rich and powerful. Bolu Beyi liked horses very much. There was a good man and his name was ‘’Yusuf’’. Yusuf worked in his stable and looked after the horses. One day, Bolu Beyi wanted a good horse from Yusuf. He found a young white horse , but Bolu Beyi didn’t like it. Bolu Beyi was angry and he said’’Make this stable man blind. This horse is too weak’’
Yusuf became a blind man. He went back to his village with the young but weak horse. Yusuf’s son Ruşen Ali was very sorry. He and his father trained the horse. Later, the weak white horse became a very strong white horse. People called the horse ‘’Kırat’’ and they called Ruşen Ali ‘’Köroğlu’’because his father was a blind man. Köroğlu lived in Çamlıbel in Bolu. He was brave and powerful. He had a group of brave men around him. He helped the poor and the weak people. He protected them against Bolu Beyi. He played’’saz’’, a Turkish folk music instrument and sang songs. He said ’’People invented the gun and bravery died’’
MAGIC BRUSH Farid was the sunof a wood-cutter and they lived in the forest. He liked painting picures. He painted pictures of flowers, birds and treesçHis pictures were beautiful but they were not real. ’’You can not take them in your hands. ’’he thought. He was sad. One night he was in bed. He thought ‘’I don’t have any money. I cannot buy good brushes and paints. I can’t make my pictures real’’Then the window opened and there was a light in the room. There was an old man near his bedçHe had a nice face. He gave him a brush and some paints. The old man said’’You can paint real pictures now. ’’Next morning he painted a picture of a bird and the bird jumped up, and flew to the top of the tree. ’’Oh, it’s a magic brush’’shouted Farid. He painted a lot of things and they were all real. The king heard about the magic brush and Farid. He wanted a picture of pieces of gold, a beautiful palace and clothes. Farid said’’’’No, you are rich. I will not paint for you ‘’ The king was angry and he put him in a small room. Farid had his brush with him. He painted a window and a ladder. Three days later the king came into the room but Farid wasn’t there. Farid painted a nice house and a beautiful girl. They got married and lived happily.
A)Köroğlu’s horse’s name was………… B)Köroğlu’s real name was…………………. C)Stable men work in the………………. . D)Blind people can’t …………. A)What did the old man give Farid? ………………………… B)Did he draw a palace for the king? …………………………… C)What kind of brush did Farid have? …………………………… D)Why was the king angry? …………………………
( )when he saw Ferhat’s dead body on the rocks. ( )and he loved her ( )but the Sultan said: ’’No’’ ( )because they heard the sound of water FERHAT AND ŞİRİN Ferhat was a young painter. He was handsome. He painted the palaces. One 1 day, he saw the sister of the Sultan of Amasya……………………. Her name was Şirin. She was a beautiful girl. She was dark and she had long curly hair. Ferhat wanted to marry Şirin, …………………He said’’If Ferhat brings water to 2 the city from the mountains, he can marry my sister’’The water was far away, but Ferhat worked very hard. He broke up the rocks and dig up the mountains with his pickaxe. People were happy……………. far away. Sultan make 3 a plan. A witch went to the mountain and talked to Ferhat. She said’’Why are you working hard? Şirin died and here is her ‘’halva’’. It is for you ‘’Ferhat said ‘’I can’t live if Şirin doesn’t live. ’’He threw his pickaxe, but it fell on his head. He died. Şirin heard the bed news She jumped down the rocks 4 ………………. She died , too. People were sorry because Ferhat brought water to the city, but he died. If you go to Amasya , you can see the water canals on the mountain.
Dede Korkut was the father of Turkish legends. He had another name ‘’Korkut Ata’’. He told folk tales and legends to a lot of people. He played ‘’Kopuz’’ an old Turkish musical instrument
p. 1 Han Boğaç Han , the son of Dirse Bayındır Han organizes a big festival for his people every year. They prepare three big tents for the guests. One white tent, one red tent and one black tents. If people have sons, they stay in the white tents. If people have daughters, they stay in the red tents. If people haven’t gor any children they saty in black P. 2 tent. Bayındır peoplehave with children. Dirse Han comes to the Festival with his forty. Han manlikes. He doesn’t any children. So he must stay in the black tent. He doesn’t like this rule. He goes back and talks to his wife and he is very angry with his wife because she doesn’t give any chilren to him. His wife is a clever woman. She says: ’’Let’s organize a big meal, help poor people and solve their problems’’ P. 3 His people are very happy and they pray for Dirse Han. They say : ’’Please God!Give him a child’’Later Dirse Han has a healthy son and they call him Boğaç Han. When Boğaç Han grows up, he goes and wrestles with Bayındır Han’s bull. He fights with his P. 4 fists and kills the bull with one fist. Boğaç Han’s father Dirse Han is very happy. He gives him presents. Dirse Han’s forrty men are bad people. They say bad words about Boğaç Han to his father. They organize a ‘’hunting. ’’Dirse Han shoots Boğaç Han. But his mother comes and helps him. She understands the bad people’s game. He makes Boğaç Han ‘’the head
A FABLE Fables are short stories. There is a lesson in every fable. The characters in the fables are usually animals. Here is a story of four animals. They catch a fish and the fish can talk. Fish: If you put me in water again, your one wish will be true. Elephant: I want a smaller trunk I want to be more beautiful with a smaller trunk. Crocodile: I want longer legs. I want to be taller with longer legs. Giraffe: I want a shorter neck. I don’t want to look at the tops of trees. Owl: Oh, dear fish. Don’t change me. I don’t want any changes. Fish: Abracadabra!!!Puffffff! Their wishes are true now. But only one animal is happier than the other animals. Which animal is it?
Here is the answer: The elephant is not happy now because it cannot spray water on its back. The giraffe is unhappy now because he cannot eat leaves from the tree tops. The crocodile is sad because he cannot hide in water. He is tall. Only the owl is happy about his wish.
1)What did you do in your free time? ___________________ 2)What were your daily routines? ___________________ 3)What were your hobbies? ___________________ 1)Was life more difficult in the past? _______________ 2)Is life easier now? ______________ Many years ago now
*I came home at four o’clock. It’s seven o’clock now. *I came home three hours ago. *He gave me a story book yesterday. *He gave it to me a day ago.
A)Today is Thursday. What day was it three days ago? ________ B)It is September now. What month was it five months ago? _________ C)How old were you eight years ago? _________
Cinderella lived with her stepmother and two stepsisters, who were jealous of her and treated her very badly. She had to spend all day, every day doing work around the house.
One day an invitation arrived from the prince, who was having a ball. Cinderella had to help her stepmother and stepsisters make beautiful dresses for the ball, and on the night they went off and left the poor girl alone.
She was very sad, but suddenly her Fairy Godmother appeared and turned Cinderella’s old clothes into a beautiful gown. She turned a pumpkin into a golden coach and some mice into lovely black horses and a rat into a coachman. So Cinderella went to the ball, but her Fairy Godmother warned her that she had to leave the ball by midnight.
When the prince saw Cinderella he thought she was so beautiful that he danced with her all evening. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, and Cinderella remembered what her Fairy Godmother had told her. She ran out of the palace and was in such a hurry that one of her glass slippers came off as she was racing down the stairs.
The prince found the slipper and ordered his servants to go out into his kingdom and make every girl try the slipper on until they found its owner. Eventually they arrived at Cinderella’s house and discovered that the slipper fitted her.
They took her back to the palace and she married the prince and they lived happily ever after.