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 • Take both sheets from the pick up tray. • Begin the Pre

• Take both sheets from the pick up tray. • Begin the Pre Assessment for the Industrial Revolution on your own. BELL RINGER!!!

PRE-ASSESSMENT ANSWERS… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. M N R

PRE-ASSESSMENT ANSWERS… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. M N R Q P O L K J 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) I H G F E D C B A

UNDERSTANDING INDUSTRIALIZATION How many or your mom’s or grandmother’s bake homemade cookies or candies

UNDERSTANDING INDUSTRIALIZATION How many or your mom’s or grandmother’s bake homemade cookies or candies during the holiday season? ? ? Which do you prefer? � Oreo’s or Grandma’s homemade cookies? ? ? Which is easier to obtain? Which is cheaper to buy?

UNDERSTANDING • INDUSTRIALIZATION Can you think of another example? ? ? • Turn and

UNDERSTANDING • INDUSTRIALIZATION Can you think of another example? ? ? • Turn and Tell your neighbor your example.

UNDERSTANDING INDUSTRIALIZATION Goods manufactured in a factory are made quickly. Instead of making an

UNDERSTANDING INDUSTRIALIZATION Goods manufactured in a factory are made quickly. Instead of making an item from start to finish, individual workers perform separate tasks in its production. This is called specialization. On an assembly line, a product moves from station to station as workers at each station perform a different task to help complete the product. The resulting manufactured goods are inexpensive to produce when compared to handmade goods.

Assembly Line

Assembly Line

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS The Industrial Revolution was a period of technological advancement and

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGINS The Industrial Revolution was a period of technological advancement and social change that dramatically altered the way in which people lived and worked. It began in England during the mid-1700 s with the introduction of new technology to the textile industry. A textile is a woven material, or cloth.

CONDITIONS THAT AIDED THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A number of social, political, and economic factors

CONDITIONS THAT AIDED THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A number of social, political, and economic factors created the ideal conditions for industrialization. In England, these factors were � 1) a growing and shifting population 2) an abundance of natural resources 3) a stable government 4) a large supply of capital (money for investment).

INDUSTRIALIZATION Objective: Industrialization had social, political, and economic effects on Western Europe and the

INDUSTRIALIZATION Objective: Industrialization had social, political, and economic effects on Western Europe and the World.

BELL RINGER 1 Take out your answer sheet from the take home test. Make

BELL RINGER 1 Take out your answer sheet from the take home test. Make sure you have finished the test, and pass it forward. Take out your guided notes sheet from yesterday’s lesson and be ready to finish it…

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial Revolution. What movement pushed peasant farmers out of the countryside and into the cities? What industry did the industrial revolution start in?

GROWING POPULATION During the 18 th century, agricultural advancements in Europe led to a

GROWING POPULATION During the 18 th century, agricultural advancements in Europe led to a food surplus (more than enough food). Because food was plentiful, the population grew. At the same time, advances in medicine led to a declining death rate. This also contributed to population growth. The increase in population created an increased demand for manufactured goods.

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial Revolution. What movement pushed peasant farmers out of the countryside and into the cities? What industry did the industrial revolution start in?

ENCLOSURE MOVEMENT

ENCLOSURE MOVEMENT

POPULATION SHIFT In addition to population growth, England experienced a population shift as more

POPULATION SHIFT In addition to population growth, England experienced a population shift as more people began to move from the countryside to cities. This rise in rural-to-urban migration was a result of the enclosure movement. Enclosure took place when landed aristocrats enclosed, or fenced in, common land that peasants had formerly used for farming and livestock. This made it more difficult for peasants to make their living.

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial

BELL RINGER 2 Name two reasons for population growth in England during the Industrial Revolution. What movement pushed peasant farmers out of the countryside and into the cities? What industry did the industrial revolution start in? . . . . TEXTILES!!! Let’s continue…follow along on the note sheet.

ABUNDANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES -An abundance of natural resources also contributed industrialization in England.

ABUNDANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES -An abundance of natural resources also contributed industrialization in England. -England had large supplies of coal and iron ore. -Engines and factory machines were forged from iron. -Coal was used to fuel steam engines, the source of power for the new factories.

COMPARE AND SHARE… Coal was very important to people during the Industrial Revolution. It

COMPARE AND SHARE… Coal was very important to people during the Industrial Revolution. It was their main source of energy and power. What can we compare the importance of coal with today? ? Discuss with your group… 30 seconds

STABLE GOVERNMENT In addition to the abundance of resources, England had a stable government.

STABLE GOVERNMENT In addition to the abundance of resources, England had a stable government. Since it had not had a revolution since 1688, people felt secure doing business there.

LARGE SUPPLY OF CAPITAL England’s trade and the income it derived from its colonial

LARGE SUPPLY OF CAPITAL England’s trade and the income it derived from its colonial empire gave it a strong economy. Many English people had enough money to invest in new factories and businesses. Since they felt financially secure, they were often willing to try new ideas.

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

REVIEW!!! • 5 Reasons the Industrial Revolution began in England 1. 2. 3. 4.

REVIEW!!! • 5 Reasons the Industrial Revolution began in England 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Population Growth Population Shift Natural Resources Stable Government Supply of Capital

SHARED JOURNAL… Open the folders on your group desks…each person in your group will

SHARED JOURNAL… Open the folders on your group desks…each person in your group will get one handout. They are all the same. Directions �Rounds �Goals �Understand?

ROUND ONE!! Where do you live as a peasant before the Industrial Revolution begins?

ROUND ONE!! Where do you live as a peasant before the Industrial Revolution begins? How/Why is the population growing around you? (2)

ROUND 2 Are you able to farm successfully in the country side? Is there

ROUND 2 Are you able to farm successfully in the country side? Is there a movement pushing you out of the countryside? Where will you go to find a job?

ROUND 3 Where do you work now? What industry do you work in? What

ROUND 3 Where do you work now? What industry do you work in? What is life like inside the city?

ROUND 4 How do you feel about the government? Is your country fighting at

ROUND 4 How do you feel about the government? Is your country fighting at all? Do you feel safe? Will you stay here?

AT THE BOTTOM. . . OR ON THE BACK… How did you feel while

AT THE BOTTOM. . . OR ON THE BACK… How did you feel while completing this activity? Were there any areas/rounds that you did not feel confident writing about? � If so, which areas/rounds? What was most difficult during this activity?

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

URBANIZATION-GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL CITIES

POPULATION SHIFT Enclosure became widely used in the Netherlands during the 1600 s. During

POPULATION SHIFT Enclosure became widely used in the Netherlands during the 1600 s. During the 1700 s, the practice became common in England. Enclosure resulted in more organized and more productive farming, but the loss of land forced many peasants to migrate to towns and cities in search of work. These displaced farmers eventually provided a source of labor for manufacturing and mining.