Tactical Fouls: SPA & DOGSO PRESENTED BY CHRIS HUGHES
What is a ‘tactical foul’? “A deliberate act of foul play intended to bring about an advantage for the perpetrator. It usually involves a defender fouling an attacking player in order to prevent them from scoring or stopping a promising attack. The resulting free kick or penalty may offer the attacking team a lower chance of scoring than the original playing position and the defender therefore has an incentive to strategically foul the attacking player. ”
What is a ‘tactical foul’? The severity of the foul is a separate consideration. The player is penalised for the more serious offence!
DOGSO: Denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity What is an obvious goal-scoring opportunity?
Considerations D Distance between the offence and the goal D General Direction of the play D Location and number of Defenders C Likelihood of keeping or regaining Control of the ball
SPA: Stopping a promising attack What is a promising attack?
Considerations D D D C Distance between the offence and the goal General Direction of the play Location and number of Defenders Likelihood of keeping or regaining Control of the ball P Passing options when the player was fouled A Location and number of Attackers
The Penalty Area When a defender stops a promising attack or denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity inside the penalty area, we have some further considerations: • Does the defender attempt to play the ball? • Does the defender have no possibility to play the ball (in a fair manner)? • Does the defender commit an offence that cannot be carried out in a fair manner? • E. g. handball, pushing, holding, pulling
The Penalty Area “Where a player commits an offence against an opponent within their own penalty area which denies an opponent an obvious goal-scoring opportunity and the referee awards a penalty kick, the offender is cautioned if the offence was an attempt to play the ball; in all other circumstances (e. g. handball, holding, pulling, pushing, no possibility to play the ball etc. ) the offending player must be sent off. ”
Sanctions If the offending player attempts to play the ball (in a fair manner) Inside the penalty area Outside the penalty area SPA No Card Yellow Card DOGSO Yellow Card Red Card
Sanctions If the offending player does not attempt to play the ball (in a fair manner) Inside the penalty area Outside the penalty area SPA Yellow Card DOGSO Red Card
VIDEOS… Free Kick Videos None IDFK Sanction DFK Penalty No card Tactical YC RC Neither SPA DOGSO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
VIDEOS… Free Kick None Videos 1 IDFK Sanction Penalty No card YC X ` 3 X 4 X Neither SPA DOGSO X X X X 5 RC X X 2 Tactical X X X 6 X X X 7 X X X 8 X 9 X 10 X X X X