Systematic Theology What is theology It is a

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Systematic Theology

Systematic Theology

§ What is theology? It is a branch of science that has the study

§ What is theology? It is a branch of science that has the study of God as the focus. § Religious Studies is not the same as theology. Religious studies is the practice of religion. “Pure and undefiled religion before God is taking care of widows and keeping yourself unspotted from the world” (James 1: 27). § What is systematic theology? A systematic study of the main doctrines of the Christian faith. § Brief Introduction § “Theology”: “the logic of God” § Why should we study theology? § God has revealed himself. § God has revealed his character.

§ A. The Existence of the Trinitarian God § There are three monotheistic religions

§ A. The Existence of the Trinitarian God § There are three monotheistic religions (Christianity, Islam, & Judaism). § Even though the Christian faith expresses a belief in one God according to the creeds and the confessions, Muslims and Jews assert that Christians worship three gods. In fact, in the Quran, God, Jesus, and Mary are those three gods. Of course, that is absurd and ignorance of the trinity does not excuse one’s belief and practice. § Deuteronomy 6: 1 -5 § God is one; he is one in essence and one in nature. § Matthew 28: 16 -20 § The act of bowing down is synonymous with giving worship to an object. § “In the name”: Jesus declares that his name is comparable to the name of God and the name of the Holy Spirit.

What the Trinity is not: § The Trinity is not a multiple number of

What the Trinity is not: § The Trinity is not a multiple number of gods who have their own separate being (polytheism). § The Trinity is not one God who has three separate natures. § The Trinity is not three gods who have the same nature. § Is believing in the Trinity a fundamental article of the Christian faith? § A person needs to know the one True God in order to have eternal life: “This is eternal life: that they may know the one true God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent” (John 17: 3). § Believers are to be baptized into the “Trinitarian formula” and disciples are made by teaching them the “Trinitarian formula”: “Go therefore and make disciples from all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit”. § Various doctrines depend upon the Trinity such as salvation: The Father sends the Son, the Son accomplishes the work, the Holy Spirit sanctifies. Jesus as mediator hinges on him being God. How can sinful man atone for the sins of sinful man? § The Trinity distinguishes the Christian faith from the other monotheistic faiths.

§ What is the Trinity? § The Orthodox teaching of the Christian faith is

§ What is the Trinity? § The Orthodox teaching of the Christian faith is this: “there is one God who exists eternally in three distinct but co-equal persons: the Father, the Son, & the Holy Spirit. § How can the Triune God exist as three distinct persons? Because each person (Father, Son, and Spirit) can be distinguished from each other. In the Scripture, the Father, Son, and Spirit can be easily distinguished from the other. For instance, we know that God the Son was on the cross and not God the Father. We are distinguished from one another because we look different. The Father, Son, and Spirit are distinguished because of their roles. § How can the Triune God exist as three distinct persons but still remain one God? Because their essences are the same. § Each member of the godhead possesses all that makes him God. The three persons of the godhead are worshipped equally because their power, intelligence, and etc. are equally the same among them. If each member of the godhead had a different “essence”, then he would be a different god.

§ The Trinity in the Old Testament § The 1 st chapter of Genesis

§ The Trinity in the Old Testament § The 1 st chapter of Genesis (vv. 1 -3; v. 26). § Genesis 18: 1 -3 § Isaiah 48: 16 “The Lord God and His Spirit has sent me”. § Isa. 63: 9 -10 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them. § Proverbs 30: 4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his Son's name, if thou canst tell? § The revelation of the Trinity in the Old Testament becomes clearer through the lens of the New Testament.

§ The Trinity in the New Testament § The Great Commission (Matthew 28) §

§ The Trinity in the New Testament § The Great Commission (Matthew 28) § The Trinity is clearly revealed in the Gospel of John: (1: 1; 5: 18; 8: 58; 10: 30 -33) § A comparison of John 12 and Isaiah 6 reveals the divinity of Christ. § In Paul’s letters, he addresses, admonishes, and exhorts Christians in the name of God the Father, Jesus the Son, and in the fellowship of the Holy Spirit. § The Holy Spirit is called “God” in Acts 5: 1 -6. § The term “trinity” is not explicitly revealed in the Old Testament.

Two implications of the Trinity for our lives: § One, Jesus cannot be regarded

Two implications of the Trinity for our lives: § One, Jesus cannot be regarded as merely a teacher or a good, moral person. He is God incarnate. § Secondly, we have confidence that we will reach God’s intended purpose for our lives because, God the Holy Spirit lives and works within us.