SWBAT ID explain the contributions and achievements of

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SWBAT: ID & explain the contributions and achievements of Ancient China? HW: rd. pgs

SWBAT: ID & explain the contributions and achievements of Ancient China? HW: rd. pgs 36 -40 Q # 3 -5 October 7, 2015

III. The Rise of China Introduction… Add Ban Po A. The Geography of China

III. The Rise of China Introduction… Add Ban Po A. The Geography of China 1. Rivers: Yellow & Yangtze River 2. Terrain: Gobi Desert; Tian Shan & Himalayas 3. Monsoons 4. Effect: Middle Kingdom

I. Geography

I. Geography

Early Dynasties Xia Dynasty (2205 -1750 B. C. E. ) (shyah) Shang Dynasty (1750

Early Dynasties Xia Dynasty (2205 -1750 B. C. E. ) (shyah) Shang Dynasty (1750 -1045 B. C. E. ) Zhou Dynasty (1045 -256 B. C. E. ) (Joh)

III. The Rise of China B. Xia Dynasty * Yu the Great… Strong Royal

III. The Rise of China B. Xia Dynasty * Yu the Great… Strong Royal Authority… Violent period… walled towns… * Contributions 1. Assembled armies 2. Carved jade 3. Worked w/ bronze 4. Primitive pictographs… evolve into Chinese script 5. May have designed first calendar

Shang Dynasty Capital: Anyang. N. of Yellow River

Shang Dynasty Capital: Anyang. N. of Yellow River

The Shang Dynasty A. Aristocracy a) Largely agricultural b) Aristocracy rule- wealth/power based on

The Shang Dynasty A. Aristocracy a) Largely agricultural b) Aristocracy rule- wealth/power based on land i. War was a concern ii. Built city walls B. Political & Social structures a) Divided into territories lead by military leaders - warlords b) King controlled large armies.

A. Religion & Culture A. Polytheistic B. Nature Spirits C. Dead ancestors helped the

A. Religion & Culture A. Polytheistic B. Nature Spirits C. Dead ancestors helped the living D. buried their dead with worldly possessions E. Sacrifices B. Oracle bones A. Early form of writing

Shang Contributions Written Chinese… pictographs & ideographs Work w/ bronze: masks, weapons, utensils, sculptures

Shang Contributions Written Chinese… pictographs & ideographs Work w/ bronze: masks, weapons, utensils, sculptures Horse drawn chariots Astronomers: studied movements of planets & recorded eclipses of the sun Developed an accurate calendar w/ 365 ¼ days Developed how to make silk thread from cocoons of silkworms

Zhou Dynasty What contributed to the success & longevity to Zhou rule? A. Zhou

Zhou Dynasty What contributed to the success & longevity to Zhou rule? A. Zhou Dynasty a) Political System- similar to Shang i. Territories governed by aristocratic families under the authority of the King B. Mandate of Heaven a) King- link between Heaven & Earth b) Basic principle of Chinese gov’t c) Lasted into the 20 th century.

C. The Dao a) The way b) Kings expected to rule with goodness &

C. The Dao a) The way b) Kings expected to rule with goodness & efficiency D. Dynastic Cycles a) Rise to power, successful rule, decline in power, rebellion. E. Military Technology a) Iron weapons, crossbows, horses F. Filial Piety

Zhou Contributions *Book of Documents… Book of Songs… calendar… silk. . . Irrigation… iron

Zhou Contributions *Book of Documents… Book of Songs… calendar… silk. . . Irrigation… iron plow 6. Fall of Zhou “Period of Warring States”