SWBAT Define and provide examples for the 6

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SWBAT: Define and provide examples for the 6 Principles of the Constitution Standard: 12.

SWBAT: Define and provide examples for the 6 Principles of the Constitution Standard: 12. 1 The Constitution Includes the Bill of Rights **Get out a sheet of paper to start our next unit** Today we will do Assignment # 1

Warm-up n Why do you think the Constitution of the U. S. is so

Warm-up n Why do you think the Constitution of the U. S. is so important? n What are the main ideas it is based on?

The Constitution n The Constitution is broad, general, nonspecific and open to interpretation –

The Constitution n The Constitution is broad, general, nonspecific and open to interpretation – For Example: It says we have freedom of speech, yet that there are limitations on that freedom – It does not outline exactly what we can and cannot say. That needs to be determined by………who? ? ? Ask your partner.

Six Principles of the U. S. Consitution **The Constitution is based on Six Principles**

Six Principles of the U. S. Consitution **The Constitution is based on Six Principles** n Popular Sovereignty n Limited Government n Judicial Review n Separation of Powers n Federalism n Checks & Balances

Popular Sovereignty The power of rule lies within the hands of the people Limited

Popular Sovereignty The power of rule lies within the hands of the people Limited Government is not all powerful; has limited power

Judicial Review n The Judicial Branch (the courts) have the right and the responsibility

Judicial Review n The Judicial Branch (the courts) have the right and the responsibility to check the actions of the other two branches (executive/president & legislative/congress) to make sure they are constitutional n Determined by court case Marbury v. Madison in 1803 – the court ruled that what the president did was unconsitutional n (illegal)

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Draw one big circle map and write “The Six Principles

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Draw one big circle map and write “The Six Principles of the Constitution”. n Create a key/legend to label which principle each color represents n Draw a symbol for n – – – Popular Sovereignty Limited Government Judicial Review

Federalism (aka: Govt. power is divided into central and state governments) Some National/Federal Powers

Federalism (aka: Govt. power is divided into central and state governments) Some National/Federal Powers n. Regulate commerce n. Coin money n. Raise an army and navy n. Establish a banking system n. Acquire territory n. Control immigration n. Wage war n. Make treaties **See pg. 30 in your packet Some Concurrent (Shared) Powers n. Lay and collect taxes n. Set up courts n. Make and enforce laws n. Collect taxes Borrow money n. Improve general welfare n. Charter banks and another corporations n. Take land for public use Some State Powers n. Create school systems n. Enact marriage laws n. Establish local governments n. Protect public health n. Regulate local business n. Regulate trades and Professions n. Create state constitutions n. Conduct elections

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol for Federalism in a different color

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol for Federalism in a different color n Add this color to your a key/legend and label which principle it represents n

Separation of Powers (aka: The Three Branches) Executive ncommander in chief ngrants pardons nmakes

Separation of Powers (aka: The Three Branches) Executive ncommander in chief ngrants pardons nmakes treaties nappoints executive officials, federal judges, and ambassadors nrecommends legislation & sees that all laws are executed nsupervises government employees nestablishes foreign policy n. Vetos legislation Legislative nlays and collects taxes nborrows money nregulates foreign and interstate commerce (trade of goods & services) ncoins money nsets up inferior courts ndeclares war nraises, supports, maintains, disciplines & organizes the army & navy n. Impeach judges Judicial n. Interprets the Constitution and the laws by hearing court cases n. Settles disputes between states

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol for Separation of Powers in a

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol for Separation of Powers in a different color n Add this color to your a key/legend and label which principle it represents n

Checks & Balances Branch Action Responsible Executive Sends Troops Legislative Makes laws Branch that

Checks & Balances Branch Action Responsible Executive Sends Troops Legislative Makes laws Branch that checks Legislative n. Executive n. Judicial How action is checked Declares War Executive Vetoes laws Legislative Congress overrides veto with 2/3 vote Judicial Interprets laws Executive Suggests annual Legislative federal budget Executive Appoints executive officials, federal judges, and ambassadors n. Recommends & Vetoes laws n. Interprets laws Grants pardons Must approve budget Legislative Senate must confirm with majority vote

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol to remember for Checks & Balances

STOP, DROP & DRAW!! Now draw a symbol to remember for Checks & Balances in a different color n Add this color to your a key/legend and label which principle it represents n

Which Principle am I? [Activity] n Read each power and determine if it is:

Which Principle am I? [Activity] n Read each power and determine if it is: 1. Federalism – N, C, S 2. Separation of Powers – E, L, J *if it was a state power, you’re done! 3. Checks & Balances – Write this on your brochure! n Also, match each picture with the correct principle. Provide a brief explanation of how the picture illustrates the principle inside your brochure.

Six Principles -- Review n Individually create a tree map with six branches and:

Six Principles -- Review n Individually create a tree map with six branches and: – Write the definition of each principle. – Using your brain and your notes provide 3 examples for each – Create a symbol for each

Warm Up: Create a Tree Map Six Principles of the U. S. Constitution Checks

Warm Up: Create a Tree Map Six Principles of the U. S. Constitution Checks & Balances Judicial Review Popular Soverignty One from each branch (notes) Court Case (notes) 3 Examples (brain, life exp. ) Symbol 3 Examples Limited Government Separation of Powers Federalism 3 Examples (brain, life exp. ) 3 Examples From each branch (notes) 3 Examples From each power (notes) Symbol

Six Principles Wrap-up n Based on what you just learned about the Six Principles

Six Principles Wrap-up n Based on what you just learned about the Six Principles of the U. S. Constitution, do you agree or disagree with the Federalists that the Bill of Rights was not needed in the Constitution? They felt that the way the Constitution was designed with the 6 Principles that it was impossible for the government to abuse power? Use specific examples.

The Constitution is the ‘Law of the Land’ Who remembers how our highest legal

The Constitution is the ‘Law of the Land’ Who remembers how our highest legal document is organized? ?

Outline of the U. S. Constitution: n n n n n Preamble – Intro

Outline of the U. S. Constitution: n n n n n Preamble – Intro to Const. & states the Purposes of Government Article I – Legislative Branch II. Article II – Executive Branch III. Article III – J(g)udicial Branch IV. Article IV – Relations Among States Article V – Amendments (change) VI. Article VI – Supremacy of National Law VII. Article VII – Ratification (approve) Bill of Rights & 17 Additional Amendments (27) **LEGS Are So Red

Worksheet n ‘Recognizing the Major Parts of the U. S. Constitution’…

Worksheet n ‘Recognizing the Major Parts of the U. S. Constitution’…

Visitor From Outer Space

Visitor From Outer Space

BILL OF RIGHTS n 1 st 10 Amendments to the Constitution n Outlines our

BILL OF RIGHTS n 1 st 10 Amendments to the Constitution n Outlines our personal, individual rights and liberties **(See other PP)

Bill of Rights -- Review Amendment First Second Third Fourth Fifth Explanation Freedom of

Bill of Rights -- Review Amendment First Second Third Fourth Fifth Explanation Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, & petition Right to possess weapons Citizens are not required to house soldiers during peacetime or war Protects people from unreasonable searches & seizures Protects the rights of the accused: including required indictments, double jeopardy, selfincrimination, due process (life, liberty & property), and just compensation of property (eminient domain)

Bill of Rights – review cont. Amendment Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth Explanation Guarantees

Bill of Rights – review cont. Amendment Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth Explanation Guarantees a speedy and public trial, counsel, the confrontation by a witness and the right to call one’s own witness on their behalf Right to a jury trial in civil cases No excessive bail or cruel & unusual punishment Unenumerated Rights: Rights that are not mentioned in the Constitution the people may still have Federalism/State’s Rights: Powers not given to

Additional Important Amendments Amendment Explanation Thirteenth Outlawed Slavery Fourteenth Nineteenth Equal rights of citizens

Additional Important Amendments Amendment Explanation Thirteenth Outlawed Slavery Fourteenth Nineteenth Equal rights of citizens (gave AA citizenship) n. Equal Protection Clause n. Due Process Clause First attempt to give AA males the right to vote Gave women the right to vote Twenty-Second Presidential Tenure (2 terms) Twenty-Fifth Presidential Succession Fifteenth

Create a Constitution Book n Get 5 pieces of paper, fold them in half

Create a Constitution Book n Get 5 pieces of paper, fold them in half and staple them into a book n Include a cover page titled ‘The Consitution’ n Include one page for each of the following: – Preamble – 7 Articles – 27 Amendments

What to include on each page of your book… Title n Short Description n

What to include on each page of your book… Title n Short Description n Symbol n Example n First Amendment n Freedom of: – – – Speech Press Religion Petition Assembly

Create your own Student Bill of Rights n List 10 personal and individual rights

Create your own Student Bill of Rights n List 10 personal and individual rights you think should be each students’ God-Given rights

How to Amend/Change the Constitution CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT n 2/3 vote in each house of

How to Amend/Change the Constitution CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT n 2/3 vote in each house of Congress n ¾ of the total state legislatures =3/4 out of 50 states State National Executive Governor President Legislative State Legislature n. State Senate n. State Assembly U. S. Congress n. Senate n. House of State Supreme Court U. S. Supreme Court **State legislatures is equivalent to the state congress WATCH BILL!!! Judicial Representatives