SW Asia Arab Spring Arab Spring Arab Spring

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SW Asia Arab Spring

SW Asia Arab Spring

Arab Spring �Arab Spring- a series of rebellions that occurred throughout Southwest Asia and

Arab Spring �Arab Spring- a series of rebellions that occurred throughout Southwest Asia and Africa in 2011. �Social media like Twitter and Facebook played a large role in organizing and spreading the word of rebellion. �This started a democratic revolution against corrupt governments that has rolled its way through Bahrain, Egypt, Yemen, Libya, and now Syria.

Major Protests Government overthrow Armed Minor Protests

Major Protests Government overthrow Armed Minor Protests

Tunisia � It all started in Tunisia when a small produce seller lit himself

Tunisia � It all started in Tunisia when a small produce seller lit himself on fire to protest the government taking away his job. � The government was overthrown on Jan. 14, 2011. President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali flees into exile. � Elections for a Constituent Assembly held on Oct. 23, 2011.

Egypt � The government was overthrown on Feb. 11, 2011. � President Hosni Mubarak

Egypt � The government was overthrown on Feb. 11, 2011. � President Hosni Mubarak steps down, faces charges of killing unarmed protesters. � Elections were held on Nov. 28, 2011. � Protests continue in Tahrir Square. � Egypt’s two most powerful forces the military and the Muslim Brotherhood moved toward a showdown over who would control the country. � Raise concerns about the role an Islamist Egypt might play in the region

Libya � Libya: Anti-government protests begin on Feb. 15, 2011, leading to civil war

Libya � Libya: Anti-government protests begin on Feb. 15, 2011, leading to civil war between opposition forces and Moammar Gadhafi loyalists. � UN placed sanctions on Gadhafi � UN declared a “no-fly” zone to protect protestors from Gadhafi’s troops � NATO troops get involved � Tripoli was captured and the government overthrown on Aug. 23. Gadhafi was killed by transition forces on Oct. 20. � US ambassador killed 9/11/12.

Syria � President Bashar al-Assad, launched a violent crackdown last year on activists demanding

Syria � President Bashar al-Assad, launched a violent crackdown last year on activists demanding more economic prosperity, political freedom and civil liberties. � Nationwide uprising and eventually a civil war with armed rebels, many of whom defected from the military. � More than 17, 000 people, mostly civilians, killed. � 170, 000 refugees have fled

Syria Continued… � Syrian government has referred to the opposition as terrorists trying to

Syria Continued… � Syrian government has referred to the opposition as terrorists trying to destabilize the country. � Opposition leaders say that's just the regime's way of justifying attacks. � U. S. and many other global leaders have called on al. Assad to give up the power his family has held since 1970. � They've also imposed economic sanctions on Syria as they try to find a diplomatic solution to the crisis. � United States is providing only non-lethal aid and humanitarian assistance

Syria Continued… � Saudi Arabia and Qatar, two Sunni-led countries in the Middle East,

Syria Continued… � Saudi Arabia and Qatar, two Sunni-led countries in the Middle East, are believed to be sending arms to the opposition. � Most Syrians are Sunni � al- Assad is Alawite � Alawite -branch of Shia’s Islam � Iran is supporting al-Assad and the Syrian regime, as is Lebanon-based Hezbollah, another Shia ally.

Other Countries �Other nations: Protests and uprisings related to the Arab Spring also took

Other Countries �Other nations: Protests and uprisings related to the Arab Spring also took place in other countries as well, including: Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and Oman. �Arab Spring Protest Interactive Timeline