Tourism. • Tourism is the world’s fastest growing industry (More money and more leisure time have helped this increase) • There is some form of tourism in nearly every country in the world • It gives many LEDCs the chance to improve their economies • Better transport networks have opened up the world
Tourism can help bring money to less well off countries. . Foreign visitors attracted Extra food needed Local farmers grow more food Spend money (eg. hotels, on trips, souvenirs) Growth of construction industry – hotels, roads, airports etc. Jobs created Local people with higher wages spend more money Industry grows to meet demand More wealth generated from taxes to pay for hotels, roads, airports etc.
So Tourism can help an economy grow, but there is a negative side too. • Only 45% of revenue from tourism reaches the host country (kept by foreign tour operators) • Tourism can grow so large and popular that it destroys the environment the tourists come to see. • Tourist may not respect or even disturb the local cultures.
So tourist can end up destroying the very things that they came to see Benidorm in 1963 Benidorm today
So what is the alternative Sustainable Tourism People have an enjoyable holiday while still respecting the place people and culture Local people are involved in the decisions and get a fair share of the earnings There is as little damage as possible to the environment This may take the form of Ecotourism or Community tourism
Ecotourism This is when tourist travel to natural areas to understand the natural world and culture. They are careful not to alter the ecosystem whilst at the same time producing economic opportunities that benefit the local people.
Community Tourism In community tourism, small groups of tourist stay with local people in their villages. They eat local food ad see how they live. They learn about their culture and customs and the money they pay for food, accommodation and guides goes straight to the locals.
Your Task Use your worksheet to list the benefits and problems of tourism Find an example of a company that offers sustainable tourism and design a poster to advertise it – highlighting the positive aspects it brings to both the tourists and the locals