 # Surface Area of Prisms and Cylinders Area The

• Slides: 16 Surface Area of Prisms and Cylinders Area The area of a shape is a measure of how much surface the shape takes up. Prisms & Cylinders Polyhedron – a solid bounded by polygons (a 3 D figure) Prism – a polyhedron with two congruent parallel faces called bases Cylinder – a solid with congruent circular bases that lie in parallel planes base height Lateral face (4) base radius base Prisms are classified by the shapes of their bases Rectangles The perimeter of a rectangle with length l and width w can be written as: l Perimeter = 2 l + 2 w or w Perimeter = 2(l + w) The area of a rectangle is given as: Area = lw Triangles The area of a triangle is found by multiplying the base (b) times the height (h) and dividing by 2 (or multiplying by ½): Surface Area verses Lateral Area of a Prism The lateral area of a polyhedron or prism is the sum of the area of its lateral faces (without getting the area of the bases). LA = Ph P = Perimeter of the base h = height of 3 -D shape base Lateral face (4) base Surface Area verses Lateral Area of a Prism The surface area of a polyhedron or prism is the sum of area of its faces (including the area of the bases). SA = Ph + 2 B P = Perimeter of the base h = height of 3 -D shape B = Area of the base Lateral face (4) base Example Example The circumference of a circle For any circle, The Circumference is found through the formula: C = πd Inversely, if you have the circumference, you can find the diameter through the formula: circumference diameter = π Formula for the area of a circle We can find the area of a circle using the formula Area of a circle = π × r radius or Area of a circle = πr 2 Surface Area verses Lateral Area of a Cylinder The lateral area of a cylinder is the area of its curved surface. LA = base radius height base r = radius of the base h = height of 3 -D shape Surface Area verses Lateral Area of a Cylinder The surface area of a cylinder is equal to the sum of the lateral area and the areas of the two bases. SA = base radius height base Scaling If we scale the dimensions of a prism or any other 3 D figure, we are multiplying each dimension (length, width, height, etc) by the scale factor. For example, if we have the following figure and scale it by 2, It’s new dimensions are 4 cm by 10 cm, by 20 cm Homework Page Page 16 -17, #6, 7 18, #11 A-C 22, #24 59, #8 -10 60, #11 61, #18 -20, 22, 23