SUPREME COURT CASES SUPREME COURT CASES Foldable Marbury

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SUPREME COURT CASES

SUPREME COURT CASES

SUPREME COURT CASES Foldable • Marbury v. Madison Court Case #1 • Mc. Culloch

SUPREME COURT CASES Foldable • Marbury v. Madison Court Case #1 • Mc. Culloch v. Maryland Court Case #2 • Gibbons v. Ogden Court Case #3 • Worcester v. Georgia Court Case #4 • Dred Scott v. Sandford Court Case #5

MARBURY V. MADISON • 1803 • Jefferson ordered Madison not to deliver Adams’ last

MARBURY V. MADISON • 1803 • Jefferson ordered Madison not to deliver Adams’ last -minute judicial appointments • Law that Marbury used to sue Madison for delivery of his appointment was unconstitutional • Establishes judicial review; makes the Supreme Court an equally powerful branch of government JUDICIAL REVIEW/ UNCONSTITUTIONAL Court Case 1

MCCULLOCH V. MARYLAND • 1819 • Maryland wanted to tax its branch of the

MCCULLOCH V. MARYLAND • 1819 • Maryland wanted to tax its branch of the national bank • States cannot claim to have power over the federal government • Federal government is upheld as the supreme law of the land Elastic Clause- stretch the power of the gov’t (skinny jeans vs. loose jeans) Court Case 2

GIBBONS V. OGDEN • 1824 • Steamship operators fought over shipping rights on Hudson

GIBBONS V. OGDEN • 1824 • Steamship operators fought over shipping rights on Hudson River in both New York and New Jersey • Only the federal government has power to regulate interstate commerce • Federal government’s power reinforced TRADE / TRANSPORTATION Interstate Commerce Court Case 3

WORCESTER V GEORGIA • 1832 • Eager for land to raise cotton, white settlers

WORCESTER V GEORGIA • 1832 • Eager for land to raise cotton, white settlers pressured the federal government to acquire Indian Territory • The Court stated that the Cherokee had the right to self-government, and declared Georgia's extension of state law over them to be unconstitutional • The state of Georgia refused to abide by the Court decision, however, and President Jackson refused to enforce the law CHEROKEE / INDIAN REMOVAL / TRAIL OF TEARS Disregards judicial review Court Case 4

DRED SCOTT V. SANDFORD • 1857 • Born a slave, Dred Scott traveled to

DRED SCOTT V. SANDFORD • 1857 • Born a slave, Dred Scott traveled to the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin and claimed he was free • Chief Justice Roger Taney declared that all blacks had no freedoms as people (a. k. a. citizens) and were therefore property • This basically did away with the idea of “free states” since slave owners could take their “property” wherever they pleased DRED SCOTT / SLAVES You are Not a citizen you are Property Court Case 5