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Supportive Housing and Justice-Involved Women Ann L. Jacobs, Director Prisoner Reentry Institute John Jay College of Criminal Justice www. jjay. cuny. edu/pri [email protected] cuny. edu 646. 557. 4532
Supportive Housing and Justice. Involved Women Supportive housing for women with criminal justice involvement makes sense because it: • Addresses risks for future criminal activity • Promotes family stability and positive outcomes for children • Saves money
Why Focus on Women? • More than 1, 000 women are currently involved in the criminal justice system (1 out of every 109 adult women) and now account for 7% of state and federal prison populations. • The number of women in prison has increased at nearly double the rate of men since 1985 (404% versus 209%). The Sentencing Project (May 2007); NCCD (July 2007)
At the end of 2009, there were 105, 197 women incarcerated in State or Federal prisons. 2464 of those women were incarcerated in New York State. These numbers do not include approximately 900, 000 women in local jails or under correctional supervision in the community (probation, parole, alternative to incarceration programs).
Men and Women in State Prisons Estimated percent of sentenced prisoners under State jurisdiction, by offense and sex, yearend 2004 60% 53% 50% 40% 34% 31% Percentage Inmates Incarcerated 30% 29% 20% 19% Property Offenses Drug Offenses 20% 10% 0% Violent Offenses Offense Type Bureau of Justice Statistics (2007). Prisoners in 2006. Washington D. C. : U. S. Department of Justice Male Female
Women in the Criminal Justice System: who are they? • • • Early 30 s Drug-related crimes Under-educated/unskilled Poverty Unemployed Disproportionately women of color • Mothers to minor children • Victims of physical and/or sexual abuse • Substance abuse problems • Health problems • Mental health issues Bloom, B. , Owen, B. , & Covington, S. (2003).