Structuring your thesis Structuring your thesis has been

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Structuring your thesis ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers

Structuring your thesis ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

‘Think of your report as part of your investigation, not as a duty to

‘Think of your report as part of your investigation, not as a duty to be undertaken when your work is otherwise complete. ’ Barras (1993: 136) ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Learning outcomes By the end of this session you will have: • encountered some

Learning outcomes By the end of this session you will have: • encountered some typical Ph. D structures • audited your own writing and thought about what you have already written • written your argument in the form of a hypothesis • planned a structure for your thesis. ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Overview of session • Basic structures • Write early, write often • Starting your

Overview of session • Basic structures • Write early, write often • Starting your write up • Planning and amending your plan • Creating your thesis structure ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Basic structures 5 mins On the cards provided you will find the basic structures

Basic structures 5 mins On the cards provided you will find the basic structures of two types of Ph. Ds. In groups, quickly organise them into two possible structures. You don’t have to use all of the cards and you may add in new sections if you like. ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Basic Ph. D structure • • • Copyright waiver Declaration Title page Abstract Acknowledgments

Basic Ph. D structure • • • Copyright waiver Declaration Title page Abstract Acknowledgments Table of contents Introduction Literature review/background Middle chapters Conclusions and suggestions for further work References Appendices ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Middle chapters • Could follow a very conventional IMRa. D format: IMRa. D •

Middle chapters • Could follow a very conventional IMRa. D format: IMRa. D • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion • Alternatively you may feel your topic needs a multiple IMRa. D approach or some other format more suited to your research ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Multiple IMRa. D Overview of Ph. D Literature survey(? ) Topic one Topic two

Multiple IMRa. D Overview of Ph. D Literature survey(? ) Topic one Topic two Topic three • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion Conclusion/drawing strands together ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Thematic Overview of Ph. D Literature survey(? ) Theory (? ) Methods (? )

Thematic Overview of Ph. D Literature survey(? ) Theory (? ) Methods (? ) Theme one eg class Theme two eg gender Theme three eg race Conclusion/drawing strands together ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Write early, write often ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009

Write early, write often ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Audit what you have 2 mins • As you undertake your research you should

Audit what you have 2 mins • As you undertake your research you should have been doing some writing • Make a list of everything that you have written already • Estimate how many words each piece of writing is. What is the total number of words you have written? • Don’t worry how finished each of these pieces of writing is ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Good writing tasks to complete while you are researching include: • • Research proposal

Good writing tasks to complete while you are researching include: • • Research proposal Literature survey Analysing data and detailing pilot studies Reports for your supervisor A personal journal Methodology chapters Early drafts of other chapters ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

The patchwork Methods Data Writing ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae ©

The patchwork Methods Data Writing ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Starting your write up… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009

Starting your write up… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Hypothesis ‘A proposition or principle put forth or stated (without any reference to its

Hypothesis ‘A proposition or principle put forth or stated (without any reference to its correspondence with fact) merely as a basis for reasoning or argument, or as a premiss from which to draw a conclusion. ’ OED ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Your hypothesis 2 mins Ask yourself ‘What am I trying to prove in my

Your hypothesis 2 mins Ask yourself ‘What am I trying to prove in my thesis? ’ Write it in a hypothesis format, eg • More than 60% of students skip breakfast most days. • Ethnic background has a significant impact on school choice. • The Hubble telescope will give more accurate readings of gamma radiation than earthbound telescopes. ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Write a draft structure Write your patchwork (what you already have) on to sticky

Write a draft structure Write your patchwork (what you already have) on to sticky notes Write your hypothesis across the middle of a blank piece of paper Use the sticky notes to create a rough structure ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Planning and amending your plan… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae ©

Planning and amending your plan… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Once you have a draft structure 2. Show the structure to your supervisor 3.

Once you have a draft structure 2. Show the structure to your supervisor 3. Attach a word length to each chapter Amend 1. Look at the structure of recently submitted Ph. Ds in your discipline 4. Attach a target to each chapter 5. Work out how what you have done already fits in 6. Revisit the structure after you finish each chapter ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Communicating your structure • It is key that you communicate your structure in your

Communicating your structure • It is key that you communicate your structure in your writing • Repetition and effective signposting will help you to get your message across Say what you are going to say Say it Say what you said ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Signposts • A detailed contents page • Abstract • Introduction and conclusion • Chapters

Signposts • A detailed contents page • Abstract • Introduction and conclusion • Chapters • Sub-headings • Summary paragraphs • In text, signposts, such as ‘and now it will be argued that…’ ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Creating your thesis structure… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009

Creating your thesis structure… ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.

Plan your structure • Spend a few minutes filling out the handout based on

Plan your structure • Spend a few minutes filling out the handout based on what we have looked at today ‛Structuring your thesis’ has been developed by Vitae © 2009 Careers Research and Advisory Centre (CRAC) Limited. Please refer to www. vitae. ac. uk/resourcedisclaimer for full conditions of use.