Strategy for the research program in Phase 2

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Strategy for the research program in Phase 2 (2012 -2015) 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable

Strategy for the research program in Phase 2 (2012 -2015) 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Importance of energy related research Energy research a prerequisite to • sustainable power generation

Importance of energy related research Energy research a prerequisite to • sustainable power generation in the future • educate new MSc and Ph. D at Swedish universities in the energy field • build and keep strong research nodes in the energy field • recruit qualified personnel to manufacturing industries • keep manufacturing industries in Sweden • keep competence at utilities 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Thermal turbomachines Future needs of thermal turbomachines used for electricity, fuel or for transports

Thermal turbomachines Future needs of thermal turbomachines used for electricity, fuel or for transports sectors • • • Biofuels (- CO 2 Capture) – Steam turbines/ gas turbines/compressors Nuclear power plants – Steam turbines Solar thermal power – • • Steam turbines / gas turbines Hydrogen society – Steam turbines/ gas turbines Fossil fired power plants - CO 2 Capture – IGCC – Oxyfuel STs/ – Membrane technology GTs/ – CLC Compressors 2011 -04 -14 - Fuel flexibility - Lower emissions - Integrated plants - More efficient turbomachinery - More efficient operation - Lower O&M cost Sustainable Power for the Future

Objective Phase 2 Objective of TURBO POWER - TURBO POWER will contribute to a

Objective Phase 2 Objective of TURBO POWER - TURBO POWER will contribute to a sustainable and efficient global energy system in medium term and long term view by - Reaching higher energy usage (efficiency improvements) Lower emissions Better operation economy Fuel flexibility, in particular regarding renewable fuels - This will be accomplished by building technology and competence for industry and universities within the field thermal turbomachines and processes. The program will strengthen relevant research groups at universities that are internationally recognized and also enhance the cooperation between industry and universities. - The results will be used and commercialised to strengthen the global competitiveness of the Swedish industry. 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Financing partners Underlying technologies, competence areas and partial results are of common interest among

Financing partners Underlying technologies, competence areas and partial results are of common interest among partners. Academia Swedish Energy Agency • Conversion to a sustainable energy society • Sustainable fuel • Higher efficiency • Examination Volvo Aero • Publications • Development and manufacturing of aero engines • Research quality • Development and product support for Swedish military jet engines • International positioning New partners Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery • Utilities – business through power production • Development and manufacturing of steam turbines and gasturbines • Other turbomachine developers • Complete power plants for production of electricity, steam and heat 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Research focus – Phase 2 - Thermal turbomachines are common in energy conversion processes

Research focus – Phase 2 - Thermal turbomachines are common in energy conversion processes - Research focus for TURBO POWER Phase 2 will therefore be on applied research on: – Energy systems: Processes and cycle studies on energy conversion systems involving thermal turbomachines – Thermal turbomachinery on gasturbine and steam turbine operation level such as condition monitoring, maintenance and optimisation – Turbomachinery components concepts – Methods and phenomena, in order to understand (aeroelasticity/aerodynamics, life prediction, applied combustion, heat transfer /cooling of hot components) - BUT also creating pre-studies / background information for possible pilot/ demonstration projects involving thermal turbomachines 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Technology Readiness Level - TRL TURBO POWER focus TRL 2 - 6 TRL Purpose

Technology Readiness Level - TRL TURBO POWER focus TRL 2 - 6 TRL Purpose What to be done in this phase 9 Verification of Product used successfully 8 Product development Product fully developed and qualified for usage (through testign and demonstration) 7 Product development Prototype engine in real environment 6 Technical verification, demonstration Prototype on component level demonstrated in relevant environment 5 Technical verification, demonstration Simplified prototype on component level validated in laboratory environment, all functionalities 4 Applied Research Simplified prototype on component level validated in laboratory environment, only one functionality 3 Applied Research Critical function/characteristic in concept/application shown in analysis or experimentally 2 Applied Research Technical concept / application formulated 1 Fundamental Research Fundamental principal observed and formulated 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Positioning of TURBO POWER Demonstrators & pilot application For eng jet ines 6 5

Positioning of TURBO POWER Demonstrators & pilot application For eng jet ines 6 5 4 For stea gas an m tu d rbin es For sys energy tem s TRL level – se previous picture 3 2 Fundamental och generic research 1 Focus for TURBO POWER Applied research Method / Application Component / Module Phenomena 2011 -04 -14 Engine Sustainable Power for the Future Energy system

Possible Energy related Research Programmes 2012 - 2016 GENERIC APPLIED • Key competencies •

Possible Energy related Research Programmes 2012 - 2016 GENERIC APPLIED • Key competencies • Systems / Operation • Pilot scale test • Technology gaps identified • Components • Functions • Demonstration of components / systems • Methods • Utilities Materials and Mechanical integrity TURBO POWER Combustion Fluid dynamics and Heat transfer Fundamental Research 2011 -04 -14 Thermal Turbo Machines and Processes Phase 2 DEMONSTRATION Integrated plant Biofuel Oxyfuel Solar Applied Research Sustainable Power for the Future Demonstration

Funding contribution to reach objective Methods Application Component / Module Energy system Engine 75%

Funding contribution to reach objective Methods Application Component / Module Energy system Engine 75% 15% - Division between areas as in Phase 1 - Operation / power processes / cycles / concepts 10% Main interest for OEM’s and academia - Contributions to running pilot- and demonstrator projects and prestudies for future demonstrator projects Interest from OEM’s, academia and some utilites 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future Interest from utilities

Levers to reach objective (1) • Strong interest from all funding partners – Vital

Levers to reach objective (1) • Strong interest from all funding partners – Vital for successful execution – From method to application – Currently many common interests on generic method / phenomena level • Applied research – Focus on areas where results giving a technology advantage can be seen compared to competitive technologies – TURBO POWER programme will include pre-studies, background information and will give recommendation for demonstrators / pilot plants – Allow up to 25% of funding, if possible, for demonstrator / pilot concept analysis – Funding of demonstrators is outside the scope of the TURBO POWER programme 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future

Levers to reach objective (2) • Innovation strategy to commercialise knowledge – Testing possibilities

Levers to reach objective (2) • Innovation strategy to commercialise knowledge – Testing possibilities inside and outside TURBO POWER – Development of competent persons • Internationally competitive research – Continuity and endurance in efforts (10 -15 years to go from method to pilot) – Focus on strong nodes, not on individuals – Critical size of node to maintain competitive edge – Focus on results, not Ph. D. projects – Need a good balance with overlap and continuity – Attract international funding to the areas where TURBO POWER are present 2011 -04 -14 Sustainable Power for the Future