Stigma Discrimination and Legal Barriers to Effective HIV

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Stigma, Discrimination and Legal Barriers to Effective HIV Response in Indonesia Ajeng Larasati @LBHM.

Stigma, Discrimination and Legal Barriers to Effective HIV Response in Indonesia Ajeng Larasati @LBHM. id @LBHMasyarakat @lbhmasyarakat www. lbhmasyarakat. org

HIV and Human Rights “Health is a fundamental human rights indispensable for the exercise

HIV and Human Rights “Health is a fundamental human rights indispensable for the exercise of other human rights” STIGMA and DISCRIMINATION human rights violations • Denial of the right to health • Access to justice/fair trial impeded • Freedom of assembly/expression infringed AIDS responses: • Triple ZERO • 90 -90 -90 Because Every Human Matters

Underlying Problems Intersecting with gender and other status of discrimination STIGMA and DISCRIMINATION Lack

Underlying Problems Intersecting with gender and other status of discrimination STIGMA and DISCRIMINATION Lack of awareness • Government/public officials • Media • Public Weak accountability mechanisms • Remedy • Legal aid Discriminatory laws/regulations • National • Bylaws Because Every Human Matters

Media monitoring and documentation (2016): media reporting on HIV Actors identified through the media

Media monitoring and documentation (2016): media reporting on HIV Actors identified through the media monitoring No. Perpetrators Total 1 Public 5 2 Health Agency 4 3 Health Services 3 4 Lawmakers 2 5 Private Companies 2 6 Health Workers 2 7 NGO 2 8 Media 2 9 BPJS 1 10 Local Government 1 11 Law Enforcement 1 12 Religious Leaders 1 Total 26 Because Every Human Matters

Documenting human rights violations (2017): On people living with HIV • October 2016 to

Documenting human rights violations (2017): On people living with HIV • October 2016 to August 2017, in 17 cities/districts in Indonesia: incl. Jakarta, Medan, Surabaya, Sorong. • Total 387 cases documented in the research: 75% (184 cases) experienced by people living with HIV. • 138 of 184 (75%) categorised as human rights violations. • Top three violations: – Right to health: 73 cases, – Right to privacy: 26 cases, – Right to free from discrimination: 14 cases Because Every Human Matters

What should we do? Creating An Enabling Environment Sensitization of lawmakers, service providers, and

What should we do? Creating An Enabling Environment Sensitization of lawmakers, service providers, and public figures Increasing access to justice Synergy in doing advocacy movement Effective campaign/ communication strategy Because Every Human Matters

“ access to justice for people living with HIV, gay, transgender and sex workers,

“ access to justice for people living with HIV, gay, transgender and sex workers, is as important as access to condoms and treatment

Terima Kasih @LBHM. id @lbhmasyarakat @LBHMasyarakat www. lbhmasyarakat. org

Terima Kasih @LBHM. id @lbhmasyarakat @LBHMasyarakat www. lbhmasyarakat. org