Step by Step Flexible Bronchoscopy Step by Step

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Step by Step© Flexible Bronchoscopy Step by Step© Video exercises to learn bronchoscopy skills

Step by Step© Flexible Bronchoscopy Step by Step© Video exercises to learn bronchoscopy skills Prepared By Bronchoscopy International Contact us at [email protected] org Click anywhere to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 1

Main Objectives n To learn bronchoscopic techniques using an approach similar to learning to

Main Objectives n To learn bronchoscopic techniques using an approach similar to learning to dance, play tennis or play a musical instrument. n n n To develop “muscle memory” To develop a “systematic approach” to bronchoscopic inspection. To learn how to handle the flexible bronchoscope and to accurately identify and enter lobar and segmental bronchial segments with ease. 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 2

Art of Bronchoscopy 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 3

Art of Bronchoscopy 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 3

Bronchoscopy Exercises Step 1 Nose / Mouth to Larynx Step 2 Larynx to subglottis

Bronchoscopy Exercises Step 1 Nose / Mouth to Larynx Step 2 Larynx to subglottis Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Follow the Curve to the Carina to Left Down Up Left Step 6 LMB to LUL Step 7 Step 8 5/19/2021 Carina to right Left-right neutral Down Up Right LMB to LLL RMB to RUL RMB to BI LUL L B 456 uno-dos LLL B 6 -8910 RUL RB 456 uno- dos- tres LLL pan-pan–pan BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 RMB to RLL RB 7 RLL d’ Artagnan and the 3 musketeers 4

8 steps 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 5

8 steps 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 5

Bronchoscopy exercises Group 1 Nose/mouth to Carina to left Down-up right larynx Carina to

Bronchoscopy exercises Group 1 Nose/mouth to Carina to left Down-up right larynx Carina to right Down-up left Larynx to subglottis Left right neutral Follow the curve to the carina Group 2 LMB to LLL LMB to LUL RMB to RLL RMB to BI RMB to RUL Group 3 LLL pan pan LUL uno dos LLL B 6 -8910 LB 456 RLL D’Artagnan and the three musketeers RB 456 RLL medio-basal RUL uno dos tres (D’Artagnan) 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 Larynx to RLL Larynx to LLL 6

Background A: Flexion-Extension 5/19/2021 Flexion BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 7

Background A: Flexion-Extension 5/19/2021 Flexion BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 7

Background B: Down-Neutral-Up positions Lever straight (Neutral) Lever down 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved,

Background B: Down-Neutral-Up positions Lever straight (Neutral) Lever down 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 Lever up 8

Group 1 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 9

Group 1 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 9

Step 1: nose to larynx n n The scope is advanced from the nose

Step 1: nose to larynx n n The scope is advanced from the nose to the larynx. This step includes local anesthesia. Click HERE to view video From the head Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 10

Step 2: larynx to subglottis n n n From the larynx the trachea is

Step 2: larynx to subglottis n n n From the larynx the trachea is entered to the subglottic area. If from the head: once the vocal cords are passed the scope is slightly flexed downwards. If from the front: once the vocal cords are passed the scope is slightly flexed upwards. 5/19/2021 Click HERE to view video BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 From the front Click to continue 11

Step 3: Follow the curve to the carina n n The Trachea is not

Step 3: Follow the curve to the carina n n The Trachea is not a “straight pipe”; It deviates posteriorly and slightly to the right when approaching the main carina. Click HERE to view video From the head Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 12

Step 4 a: Carina to left main bronchus n From the neutral position the

Step 4 a: Carina to left main bronchus n From the neutral position the LMB is entered just by twisting the wrist to the left and advancing for 1 -2 cm. From head Click HERE to view video Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 13

Step 4 b: Carina to right main bronchus n From the neutral position the

Step 4 b: Carina to right main bronchus n From the neutral position the RMB is entered just by twisting the wrist to the right and advancing the scope for 1 -2 cm. From head Click HERE to view video Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 14

Step 4 c: Left-right-neutral n From the neutral position the left and right main

Step 4 c: Left-right-neutral n From the neutral position the left and right main bronchi are entered alternatively just by twisting the wrist and advancing the scope for few cm. 5/19/2021 Click to continue From head Click HERE to view video BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 15

Step 5 a: Down-up-left main bronchus n The scope is slowly advanced the pulled

Step 5 a: Down-up-left main bronchus n The scope is slowly advanced the pulled back up the LMB while always keeping it in the middle of the airway lumen. From the front Click HERE to view video Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 16

Step 5 b: Down-up right main bronchus n The scope is slowly advanced down

Step 5 b: Down-up right main bronchus n The scope is slowly advanced down the RMB to RLL and pulled back upwards while always keeping it in the middle of the airway lumen. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 17

Group 2 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 18

Group 2 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 18

Step 6 a: Left main to left upper lobe bronchus n From the LMB

Step 6 a: Left main to left upper lobe bronchus n From the LMB the scope is advanced to the entrance of the LUL bronchus. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 19

Step 6 b: Left main to left lower lobe bronchus n The scope is

Step 6 b: Left main to left lower lobe bronchus n The scope is advanced down the LMB to the entrance of the LLL bronchus. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 20

Step 6 c: Right main to right upper lobe bronchus n The scope is

Step 6 c: Right main to right upper lobe bronchus n The scope is advanced down the RMB then with the wrist twisted 60 degrees from midline the scope is flexed up to the entrance of RUL. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 21

Step 6 d: Right main to bronchus intermedius n From the carina advance the

Step 6 d: Right main to bronchus intermedius n From the carina advance the scope down the RMB to the distal bronchus intermedius and visualize the entrance to RB 456 and Click HERE to view video the basal pyramid. From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 22

Step 6 e: Right main to right lower lobe bronchus n Advance the scope

Step 6 e: Right main to right lower lobe bronchus n Advance the scope from the carina to the entrance of the RLL while always keeping it in the midline. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 23

Group 3 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 24

Group 3 Exercises 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 24

Step 7 a: Left upper lobe uno dos n From the carina, the scope

Step 7 a: Left upper lobe uno dos n From the carina, the scope is advanced to LUL entrance; there, just by thumb movement, the lingula and upper division bronchus are visualized. Click HERE to view video From the head Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 25

Step 7 b: Left before five six (LB 456) n n From the LMB,

Step 7 b: Left before five six (LB 456) n n From the LMB, the lingula is entered, then the scope is pulled back into the distal LMB and the scope is advanced into the superior segment of the LLL. ! Wrist movements are “in the mirror” 5/19/2021 Click to continue Click HERE to view video BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 From the head 26

Step 7 c: Left B 6 -8, 9, 10 n With the scope at

Step 7 c: Left B 6 -8, 9, 10 n With the scope at the LLL bronchus entrance, the superior segment is entered, then alternately, the antero, lateral and postero-basal segments of the LLL are entered. Click HERE to view video From the head Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 27

Step 7 d: Right upper lobe uno-dos-tres n From the RMB the scope is

Step 7 d: Right upper lobe uno-dos-tres n From the RMB the scope is advanced and flexed up into the RUL bronchus where just by wrist and thumb movements the three segments are visualized; then the scope is withdrawn to the main carina. Click to continue From the head Click HERE to view video 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 28

Step 7 e: Right before five six (RB 4, 5, 6) n n From

Step 7 e: Right before five six (RB 4, 5, 6) n n From the distal bronchus intermedius, the RML and superior segment are entered alternatively; ! Wrist movements are “in the mirror”. Click HERE to view video From the head Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 29

Step 7 f: Right medial basal (RB 7) (d”Artagnan) n From the distal bronchus

Step 7 f: Right medial basal (RB 7) (d”Artagnan) n From the distal bronchus intermedius the scope is advanced and the medio-basal segment is entered. Click HERE to view video From the front Click to continue 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 30

Step 8 a: Left lower lobe basal pyramid n From the entrance of the

Step 8 a: Left lower lobe basal pyramid n From the entrance of the LLL bronchus go in and out of the 3 basal segments, then withdraw the scope to the carina. Pan - Pan Click HERE to view video Click to continue From the head 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 31

Step 8 b: Right lower lobe basal pyramid (D’Artagnan and the three musketeers) n

Step 8 b: Right lower lobe basal pyramid (D’Artagnan and the three musketeers) n From the carina advance the scope to the RLL bronchus entrance and then enter the medial-basal segment, pull back and then examine the other three segments of the basal pyramid. Click to continue 5/19/2021 Click HERE to view video From the front STAY OFF THE WALL BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 32

This presentation is part of a comprehensive curriculum for Flexible Bronchoscopy. Our goals are

This presentation is part of a comprehensive curriculum for Flexible Bronchoscopy. Our goals are to help health care workers become better at what they do, and to decrease the burden of procedurerelated training on patients. 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 33

Step by Step© A new curriculum Assured competency and proficiency 1. 2. 3. 4.

Step by Step© A new curriculum Assured competency and proficiency 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Web-based Self-learning study guide. Computer-based simulations, didactic lectures, and image encyclopedia. Bronchoscopy step-by-step©: Practical exercises, skills and tasks, competency testing. Guided apprenticeship. Learning the art of Bronchoscopy. BRONCHATLAS© DEMOCRATIZATION AND GLOBALIZATION OF KNOWLEDGE 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 34

All efforts are made by Bronchoscopy International to maintain currency of online information. All

All efforts are made by Bronchoscopy International to maintain currency of online information. All published multimedia slide shows, streaming videos, and essays can be cited for reference as: Bronchoscopy International: Bronchoscopy Step-by-Step, an Electronic On-Line Multimedia Slide Presentation. http: //www. Bronchoscopy. org/Bronchoscopy Step-by-step/htm. Published 2005 (Please add “Date Accessed”). Thank you 5/19/2021 BI, All Rights Reserved, 2005 35