- Slides: 9
Statutes What is a statute?
Statutes are laws created by 2 legislative bodies. (Legislatures) These 2 legislative bodies are comprised of: 1. The U. S. Congress (made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate) Was created by the Federal Constitution. 2. State legislatures Was created by the state ted ple. c e l re e he peo a s e constitution. di of t th bo ves Bo tati n e s e repr
An example of a statute The law requiring cigarette warnings on packages…all cigarette manufactures must indicate this warning on their packages. If not, they are breaking the law.
Some legislative authority is given to local governments of towns, cities, and counties. These laws created at this level are usually called ordinances. (Legislation at the local level)
Case Law Case law is created by the judicial branch of government. These are laws made by a higher court such as the supreme court.
• A trial has ended and one of the parties has appealed the verdict to a higher court. • This appeal will be based on legal rulings made by the lower court. • When the appellate court (the higher court) decides a verdict, that verdict may create a new law to be used in deciding another case like it………. this keeps the same appeals from occurring over and over. Stare decisis Latin for “Let the decision stand”. It requires that lower courts must follow the established case law in deciding similar cases.
Administrative Law The federal, state, and local legislatures create administrative agencies.
Administrative agencies are governmental bodies formed to carry out particular laws. They are usually controlled by the Executive branch of government. The laws made by administrative agencies are often called Rules and Regulations
Examples of Administrative Agencies Social Security Administration (an example of a law: you must sign your SS card. ) Division of Motor Vehicles (an example of a law: you must renew your license on or before your birthday in the year your license expires. )