Standard 6 b Review Notes and Primary source

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Standard 6 b Review Notes and Primary source Activity answer key

Standard 6 b Review Notes and Primary source Activity answer key

6 b. I can describe the role of the Dec of Ind in expressing

6 b. I can describe the role of the Dec of Ind in expressing the reasons for separating from GB 1. The Preamble – sets the purpose of the doc • Explain to the world why we are separating from GB 2. Statement of Rights- characteristics of good government (the 4 principles) • Equality • All people have rights • Government power comes from the people • Bad governments should be changed

3. List of grievances (spells out all the Kings Crimes) – identifies what the

3. List of grievances (spells out all the Kings Crimes) – identifies what the British government has done wrong • Proof that the king is a tyrant • Lists all things the king did wrong 4. Statement of Independence- identifies what the colonies are going to do now • explains that the colonies are now separate from GB, • can/will act as other countries do. • Signers were willing to give up everything (lives, honor, fortunets)

How does the format help to express reasons for separating from Great Britain? •

How does the format help to express reasons for separating from Great Britain? • It is a well-organized argumentative essay • The format is easy to follow Jefferson's very basic argument • Good government is based on 4 principles • The British Government was bad • Therefore the colonies had no choice but to break up

1 HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for

1 HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public 2 Good. 3 HE has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance, 4 unless suspended in their Operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so 5 suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 6 HE has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodation of large Districts of People, 7 unless those People would relinquish the Right of Representation in the Legislature, a 8 Right inestimable to them, and formidable to Tyranny only. 9 HE has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and 10 distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing 11 them into Compliance with his Measures. 12 HE has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for 13 establishing Judiciary Powers. 14 HE has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the Tenure of their Offices, and 15 the Amount and Payment of their Salaries. 16 HE has kept among us, in Times of Peace, Standing Armies, without the Consent of 17 our Legislatures. 18 FOR quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us: 19 FOR protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they 20 should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: 21 FOR cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World:

Statement Line(s) # Actual Text He has refused to enforce laws He has made

Statement Line(s) # Actual Text He has refused to enforce laws He has made it difficult for colonists to participate in government He has forced colonists to house military personnel Taxed citizens without the citizens giving their approval Refused to protect the colonists from foreign aggression on colonial lands 1 -2 9 -11 18 HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public Good. HE has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing them into Compliance with his Measures. FOR quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us: FOR imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 22 2425 HE has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection, and waging War against us.

Thinking Questions 1. What is a Grievance? A complaint about something believed to be

Thinking Questions 1. What is a Grievance? A complaint about something believed to be unfair 2. Who is the “He” that the writer of the Declaration is referring to? King George III 3. Can you match any of the grievances with acts or other events that we have learned about? Next to the ones you recognize write the name of the event you can match it with

1 HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for

1 HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public 2 Good. 3 HE has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance, 4 unless suspended in their Operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so 5 suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 6 HE has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodation of large Districts of People, 7 unless those People would relinquish the Right of Representation in the Legislature, a 8 Right inestimable to them, and formidable to Tyranny only. 9 HE has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and 10 distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing 11 them into Compliance with his Measures. 12 HE has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for 13 establishing Judiciary Powers. 14 HE has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the Tenure of their Offices, and 15 the Amount and Payment of their Salaries. 16 HE has kept among us, in Times of Peace, Standing Armies, without the Consent of 17 our Legislatures. 18 FOR quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us: 19 FOR protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they 20 should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: 21 FOR cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World: 22 FOR imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 23 FOR depriving us, in many Cases, of the Benefits of Trial by Jury: 24 HE has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection, and waging 25 War against us.

Thinking Questions 4. Why do you think the writer included such a long list

Thinking Questions 4. Why do you think the writer included such a long list of grievances? • To convince the world that they had every right to declare independence because of so many “injustices” on behalf of the King 5. Would the list have been more or less effective had it been shorter? Explain 4. How does this part of the document help us to understand the colonists’ reasons for separating from Great Brain?