- Slides: 20
Sports Taping Chapter 10 – Sports Medicine for Sports Trainer Manual
Personal Reflection Using the student worksheet spend 2 minutes to write your personal reflection. Please consider the following. • What current knowledge do you have about this module? • Where have your pre-conceived ideas come from i. e. training, internet, experience? • Do you foresee any knowledge gaps? This is aimed at challenging your thinking and opening you up to new information.
Learning Outcomes List contraindications and precautions for taping. Preventative taping: • Ankle. • Thumb. • Fingers. • Safe removal of tape.
Group Discussion The purpose of taping is to increase proprioceptive feedback, reduces severity of injury, individually applied, less bulky than a brace. Sports Trainer need to understand what they are taping for before they can tape a joint. • What are some of the risks involved with taping? • What are things we need to consider before we tape?
Ankle Sprain Mechanism of injury • Force causing excessive range or movement at the joint. • Inversion/Eversion. Risk Factors • Previous injury. • Inappropriate footwear. • Uneven/Slippery surfaces. • Sudden change in direction.
Inversion / Eversion Inversion: On the outside of the ankle (lateral) the joint is stabilised by 3 smaller ligaments. - the anterior talofibular (front) - the calconeofibular (side) - the posterior talofibular (back). Sprains to these ligaments account for 80% of all ankle sprains. Eversion: On the inside of the ankle (medial), the joint is stabilised by a thick, strong fibrous ligament called the deltoid ligament.
Class Discussion Would you consider taping these injuries so the athlete can return to the field of play?
Tendon Injuries • • • Connect muscle to bone. Enormous tensile strength. Not as stretchy as ligaments. Related to overuse injuries. Most common injuries occur to the Achilles Tendon. Tape has little impact in managing tendon injuries.
Ligaments Dense connective tissue that binds bones together at “joints”. Ligaments have great resistance to pulling forces. Ligaments contain more elastic fibres than tendons and are therefore more stretchy. Can we tape a ligament injury? What is the chance of re-injury for ligament injuries?
Taping and Bracing • Athletic taping and bracing can help in the prevention of injury and facilitate return to play. • Reduces the risk of re-injury. • Can improve proprioceptive ability. • Reduces the incidence and severity of ankle injuries, especially in athletes with previous injuries. As a general rule taping loses its effect by 40% after 15 -20 minutes. (Mac. Auley & Best, 2002, p. 464).
Bracing Convenient to apply and remove. Non allergic, re-adjustable and cost effective • • • Athletes should complete a supervised rehabilitation program before returning to competition. Taping or bracing should be worn for the duration of the rehab program. A combination of taping/bracing and a rehabilitation program is the optimal way to recover from injuries.
Taping Products • Underwrap helps prevent skin irritation and rashes. • Tape adherent • Tape remover • Gauze pads / foam • Elastowrap
Practical Preparation: • Tape for the individual injury. § Ask the athlete about the injury and whether they have seen a physio or doctor. § What was the outcome? § Do they have a preferred way of taping? • Clean skin, remove sweat and oil. • Ask athlete whether they have been taped before? Did they have an allergic recreation to tape? • Use appropriate size tape for the joint. The Sports Trainer should be in a comfortable position for tape application.
Considerations Post-taping checks • Impaired circulation. • Impaired sensation. • Restriction of movement. Removing tape • Use of adhesive solvent. • Application of pressure and pull tape back on itself.
Thumb / Finger Sprain Mechanism of injury: • Force causing excessive range or movement at the joint. • Finger/thumb caught in jumper while tackling (ie Rugby, football). • Catching/marking. Risk factors: • Previous injury.
Practical Taping an ankle joint to prevent an inversion injury.
Practical tape an thumb. This thumb taping technique is used to support the proximal thumb joint after an abduction sprain.
Summary SUMMARY: • Tape the individual. • The skills in this unit has provided you with the foundations for taping the ankle, thumb and finger. • Experience will allow you to expand on these skills. • Know the mechanism of the injury and risk factors involved. • Refer to health professional if you suspect a fracture. Don’t tape a joint that you have not been trained to tape.
Unit Self Reflection Using your worksheet consider the following when writing your reflection of this unit. Reflect on what you have taken out of this unit and how you will go about taping an athlete.