- Slides: 23
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 3 Topic: Ch. 1 Medical and Applied Science Vocabulary Essential Question: What areas of medical science are you familiar with? (Think type of doctors/medical terms or diseases/areas of medical study) 1 Medical 2. 1 Ch. Atoms, Ions, and Applied and Molecules Vocab Science What areas of medical science are you familiar with? (Think type of doctors/medical terms or diseases /areas of medical study)
• Please turn in your • 1) Signed Syllabus • 2) Signed Safety Contract • If you forgot it, you MUST bring it to me on Monday
Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology • Please get your cell phones out… Polleverywhere. com 3
Some Medical and Applied Science Vocabulary • • • • Cardiology • Dermatology • Endocrinology (endo-krin-ology) • Gastroenterology(gastro-enter-ology) Geriatrics • Gerontology • Gynecology • Hematology • Histology • Immunology • Neonatology • Nephrology • Neurology • Obstetrics Oncology Ophthalmology (off-thal-mology) Orthopedics Otolaryngology (Otto-lar-en-gol-ogy) Pathology Pediatrics Pharmacology (farm-a-cology) Podiatry Psychiatry Radiology Toxicology Urology Write the medical vocabulary words in two columns on pg. 3. Leave space for a short description/picture next to each word. DO NOT use up whole page.
As we review what parts of science these medical areas are associated with, please write the key words and/or a small picture to help you remember them in the future. Ex: Cardiology- Heart
Cardi-ology- Branch of medical science dealing with the heart and heart diseases (cardiologist) Derma-tology- Study of skin and its diseases (dermatologist) Endo-crin-ology- Study of hormones, hormone-secreting glands, and associated diseases (endocrinologist) Gastro-enter-ology- Study of the stomach and intestines, as well as their diseases (gastroenterologist) Geri-atrics- Branch of medicine dealing with older individuals and their medical problems (gerontologist)
Ger-on-tology- Study of the process of aging and the various problems of older individuals (gerontologist) Gy(guy)-ne-cology- Study of the female reproductive system and its diseases (gynecologist) Hema-tology- Study of blood and blood diseases (hematologist) Hist-ology- Study of the structure and function of tissues (histologist) Immun-ology- Study of the body’s resistance to disease (immunologist)
Neo-na-tology- Study of newborns and the treatment of their diseases (neonatologist) Neph-rology-Study of the structure, function, and diseases of the kidneys (nephrologist) Neu-rology-Study of the nervous system in health and disease (neurologist) Ob-stet-rics- Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirth (obstetrician) On-col-ogy- Study of cancers (oncologist)
Oph(off)-thal-mology- Study of the eye and eye diseases (Ophthalmologist aka “eye doctor”) Ortho-pedics- Branch of medicine dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and their problems (orthopedist) Oto-laryn-gol-ogy- Study of the ear, throat, larynx, and their diseases (otolaryngologist aka “ear, nose, and throat doctor”) Path-ology- Study of the structural and functional changes within the body associated with disease (pathologist) Pedi-atrics- Branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases (pediatrician)
Pharm-acology- Study of drugs and their uses in the treatment of diseases (pharmacist) Pod-i-atry- Study of the care and treatment of the feet (podiatrist) Psych-i-atry- Branch of medicine dealing with the mind and its disorders (psychiatrist) Radi-ology- Study of X rays and radioactive substances, as well as their uses in diagnosing and treating diseases (radiologist)
Toxicology- Study of poisonous substances and their effects of physiology (toxicologist) Urology- Branch of medicine dealing with the urinary and male reproductive systems and their diseases (urologist)
“Anatomy of a Car Crash” Discussion Questions “Anatomy of a Car Accident” Reading (Taped to pg. 4) • Read story • Underline or highlight key points/phrases/main ideas/important info • Circle vocabulary or unknown words 1. What are vital signs? Name at least 3. 2. What are hematomas? Explain what they look like. 3. What might a hematoma indicate? 4. Why is it important to know a patients previous medical history when treating them? 5. How can listening to our internal organs help us identify if something is wrong?
1) Answer group discussion questions on pg. 4 of your interactive notebook 1. What are vital signs? Name at least 3. 2. What are hematomas? Explain what they look like. 3. What might a hematoma indicate? 4. Why is it important to know a patients previous medical history when treating them? 5. How can listening to our internal organs help us identify if something is wrong? This will be taped on pg. 4 of your INB 13
Classwork/Homework • Read the “History of Anatomy” • Underline or highlight main ideas/important information • Circle vocabulary or unknown words • Answer the 3 questions on the bottom of Pg. 4 in your interactive notebook
History of Anatomy Questions 1. What factors probably stimulated early interest in the human body? 2. How did human health change as lifestyle changed? 3. What kinds of activities helped promote the development of modern medical science?
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 5 Topic: 1. 1 Anatomy and Physiology Essential Question: What is the difference between anatomy and physiology? 1. 1 Anatomy 2. 1 Atoms, Ions, and Molecules and Physiology What is the difference between anatomy and physiology?
The 2 major areas of medical science are: Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – study of the structures of body parts: their forms and organization (Greek – “cutting up”) 17
Physiology – study of the functions or jobs of the body parts-what they do and how they do it (Greek – “relationship to nature”) 18
In Anatomy there is a statement, “Structure is always related to function”. Please hypothesize what you think this statement means. 19
Structure is always related to function! The structures are developed or evolved to perform a specific job or function 20
Think of different parts of your body, or of another animal’s body: How do their structures relate to their functions? Please come up with at least 5 examples. Exs: Hand/fingers= to grasp, grab, or hold objects Teeth= to grind up food so we can swallow them Pelican’s bill= to scoop up fish from the sea for eating 21
On the bottom ½ of pg. 5 Innovations in Physiology -100 Greatest Discoveries (9 mins) 1. When was the science of human anatomy “born”? 2. Where did Andreas Vesalius get the bodies that he dissected? 3. Why was Vesalius’ “The Structure of the Human Body” so important to science? 4. How many gallons of blood does our body pump a minute? 5. What was William Harvey’s great discovery? 6. Why did some blood transfusions work and others didn’t? 7. What was the impact of Karl Landsteiner’s discovery about blood?
Innovations in Physiology -100 Greatest Discoveries (9 mins) 1. When was the science of human anatomy “born”? • The Renaissance 2. Where did Andreas Vesalius get the bodies that he dissected? • Graves- Grave Robbing- Executions 3. Why was Vesalius’ “The Structure of the Human Body” so important to science? • 1 st accurate description of the interior of the human body 4. How many gallons of blood does our body pump a minute? • 5 5. What was William Harvey’s great discovery? • Blood pumps in a circular motion or cycle 6. Why did some blood transfusions work and others didn’t? • Not all blood is the same! Some combos will clot, leading to death 7. What was the impact of Karl Landsteiner’s discovery about blood? • Blood transfusions were much safer- organ transplants possiblesaves lives