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Spanish Period Group 3 Reinwald Tan Ian Lipio Ethan Lim Nicholas Chua Jorge Tesoro
t n e d m n n a r ) e e v r o u t G s c f o tru tion i m S s e l t ca po s y i t S li eir o h t P (
Governor-General �Highest position in a colony is the Governor-General �The Governor General is the near equivalent to a president of the country but he has limitations to be a ruler of the colony. �One of the limitations is the Governor General can’t make new laws
Provincial Governor �The Provincial Governor is the one managing the province's economy and security
Corregidores �The unpacified military zones (corregidor), such as Mariveles and Mindoro, were headed by the corregidores. �The Corregidores are the commander of the military zones of the Spaniards and were also headed by the provincial governor. �The Governor-General, Provincial Governor, and the Corregidores have equal power
Gobernadorcillo �The pueblo or town is headed by the gobernadorcillo or little governor. �The little governor is the one who’s managing the town for peace and security.
Rights and duties of the Filipinos as “subjects” of Spanish Crown Forced Labor (Polo y servicios) �The system of forced labor otherwise known as polo y servicios evolved within the framework of the encomienda system, introduced into the South American colonies by the Conquistadores and Catholic priests who accompanied them.
�Polo y servicios is the forced labor for 40 days of men ranging from 16 to 60 years of age who were obligated to give personal services to community projects �One could be exempted from polo by paying the falla (corruption of the Spanish Falta, meaning "absence"), a daily fine.
�The falla is like a payment wherein to those who wish to be exempted in the force labor must pay a daily fine to the government. This is also known as corruption to us in the present. The “right” of the Filipinos in Force Labor is the right to choose if the individual wants to pay the falla or condemned to force labor. �In 1884, labor was reduced to 15 days. The polo system was patterned after the Mexican repartimento, selection forced labor.
Im For ple mu me lat nta ion tio an no d f. L aw s
Maura Law �The legal foundation for municipal governments in the country was laid with the promulgation of the Maura Law on May 19, 189 was Named after its author, Don Antonio Maura, the Spanish Minister of Colonies at the time, the law reorganized town governments in the Philippines with the aim of making them more effective and autonomous. �This law created the municipal organization that was later adopted, revised, and further strengthened by the American and Filipino governments that succeeded Spanish.
Divorce �In the pre-Hispanic era Filipinos have Divorce law which enables them to separate and remarry. When the Spaniards came to the Philippines in 1521 the divorce law only allowed permanent separation/ divorce.
Religion as a means to conquer or subjugate the people �Church and state were inseparably linked in Spanish policy, with the state assuming responsibility for religious establishments. One of Spain's objectives in colonizing the Philippines was the conversion of Filipinos to Catholicism.
Religion as a means to conquer or subjugate people �The work of conversion was facilitated by the absence of other organized religions, except for Islam, which dominated the south. The pageantry of the church had a wide plea, reinforced by the incorporation of Filipino social customs into religious observances. The eventual outcome was a new Christian majority of the main Malay low land population, from which the Muslims of Mindanao and the upland tribal peoples of Luzon remained detached and separated.
Visita and Royal Audiencia �To check the abuse of power of royal officials, two ancient castilian institutions were brought to the Philippines. The Residencia, dating back to the 5 th century and the Visita differed from the residencia in that it was conducted by a visitador-general sent from Spain and might occur anytime within the official’s term, without any previous notice. Visitas may be specific or general.
Sources http: //www. asiatour. com/philippines/e-02 trav/eptra 10_e. htm http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/History_of_the_Philippine s_(1521%E 2%80%931898)#Political_System