Space and Space Travel ESS 102 Space and

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Space and Space Travel ESS 102

Space and Space Travel ESS 102

Space and Space Travel Lecturers: Prof. Walt Harris Room 265 Johnson Hall e-mail: harris@

Space and Space Travel Lecturers: Prof. Walt Harris Room 265 Johnson Hall e-mail: [email protected] ess. washington. edu Dr. Erika Harnett Room 267 Johnson Hall e-mail: [email protected] ess. washington. edu Teaching Assistants: Matthew Smith Room 262 Johnson Hall e-mail: [email protected] u. washington. edu Ariah Kidder Room 262 Johnson Hall e-mail: [email protected] u. washington. edu Matthew Kuharic -mail: [email protected] u. washington. edu Room 362 Johnson Hall e

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun. 2) To explore how the Earth and planets interact with space, and how this interaction affects our environment. 3) To Examine the Methods, Challenges, and Future of Space Exploration for both Human and Robot Probes. 4) To Introduce the Explorable Inventory of the Solar System and the Targets of Current Interest.

Space and Space Travel Learning Materials: 1) Textbook “Sun Earth & Sky” by K.

Space and Space Travel Learning Materials: 1) Textbook “Sun Earth & Sky” by K. R. Lang 2) Web Site www. ess. washington. edu/Space/ESS 102/ 3) Weekly Web Site(s) of Interest: 4) Moodle (We’ll get to this in a minute):

Space and Space Travel Course Expectations: 1) Basic Understanding of Physics and Chemistry: (Atoms,

Space and Space Travel Course Expectations: 1) Basic Understanding of Physics and Chemistry: (Atoms, Molecules & their Parts, Energy, Waves, and Momentum) 2) Ability to use Basic Mathematical Techniques: (Algebra, Geometry, and Scientific Notation) 3) Computer Literacy: (Internet, E-mail, and Calculator) 1) Attendance and On-Time Submission of Assignments: (Writing assignments submitted after the week due can not be accepted without valid excuse - Moodle assignments have defined time periods during which they can be done. )

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1) Lecture, Homework, Quizzes, and Computer Labs. 1.

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1) Lecture, Homework, Quizzes, and Computer Labs. 1. The primary vehicle for this section of the course is Moodle. 1. https: //webcourse. ess. washington. edu. 35131/moodle/

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1. 2) Experiential Learning. 1. 2 a) week!).

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1. 2) Experiential Learning. 1. 2 a) week!). 1. 2 b) Weekly Laboratory: (Fridays-None this 1. 2 c) Propulsion Lab: (How far can water get you? ). 1. 2 d) Water Rocket!!! Solar Viewing: (if we get a sunny day).

Spring Quarter 2006 – 5 Credits Build an experiment to fly on a balloon

Spring Quarter 2006 – 5 Credits Build an experiment to fly on a balloon at 100, 000 ft No Prerequisites, Open to all Majors! Offered by Dept. of Earth and Space Science http: //www. ess. washington. edu/Space/ESS 205/

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1. 3) The Writing Component (credit): 1. 3

Space and Space Travel Course Elements: 1. 3) The Writing Component (credit): 1. 3 a) Rocket Project Report 20% 1. 3 b) Scientifically correct article. 80% 1. Secrets to success on the writing component! 2. 1) Bad 3. 2) Use your own words (aka: If you can find it on the web, we can find it on the web) Working together = Good: Writing together =

Space and Space Travel Course Content and Grading: 1) Weekly Assignments based on text

Space and Space Travel Course Content and Grading: 1) Weekly Assignments based on text and lectures. 2) Weekly Hands-On Concepts Lab. (127 JHN) 3) Weekly Computer Lab. (21 JHN) } 30% 4) 3 Quizzes. 30% 5) Writing projects. 40% 1. Secret to Success: Do ALL of the assignments!

A POP QUIZ!!! 1) Astronauts are weightless because there is no gravity in space.

A POP QUIZ!!! 1) Astronauts are weightless because there is no gravity in space. False!!! 2) Visible sunlight plays no role in the upper atmosphere and space. True!!! 3) The most difficult challenge in human space flight is the lack of air. False!!! 4) The major limitation to space travel is the weight of experiments. False!!! 5) The Earth’s magnetic field is essential for the existence of life. False!!! 6) The Sun is hotter now than it was during the time of the dinosaurs. True!! 7) Rockets work by pushing off from the launch pad and air. False!!!

Space and Space Travel Topic 1: Foundation 1) A Brief Inventory of the Solar

Space and Space Travel Topic 1: Foundation 1) A Brief Inventory of the Solar System and our reasons for studying it. 1. 2) Highlights of Space Exploration. 3) Physical Perspectives on the Scale of the Solar system. • • • How Big? How Far? How Hot? How Much? How Long? 4) The Nature of Light and Light Propagation.

Exploring our Star System: Why do it? The Copernican Principle: Any observation that suggests

Exploring our Star System: Why do it? The Copernican Principle: Any observation that suggests our position in the Universe is somehow unique or special is wrong or incomplete. What we know: We live in a star system that contains a single central Sun with several planets of different types orbiting it. Our Hypothesis: This is NORMAL. Is this true and what does it mean? ? ?

Our Local Inventory: What makes up our star system? 1) A single central star

Our Local Inventory: What makes up our star system? 1) A single central star with a temperature of 5785 K. 2) Two sub-stellar giant planets of roughly solar composition. (Jupiter & Saturn) 3) Two icy-gas hybrid planets. (Uranus & Neptune) All of the above planets have large systems of satellites; some planet sized. (Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, Titan, and Triton) 4) Four much smaller rocky (iron-nickel-silicate) planets. (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) 5) Two areas of remnants from planet formation, one rock based (Asteroid Belt) and one ice-based (Kuiper Belt). 6) An extended distribution of ejected debris located well past the planets. (Oort Cloud)

Exploring our Star System How and Where? History is Written in what we see:

Exploring our Star System How and Where? History is Written in what we see: The distribution, composition, and evolution of material in the solar system tells us how we got from a cold cloud of gas & dust to the present: 1) How did the Sun form and evolve? 2) How do planets form and where? 3) What does the distribution of planets and debris tell us about the early solar system? 4) How do planets change with time and what are the processes involved? 5) How does the interaction with the Sun affect conditions on a planet on various time scales? 6) What does our system tell us about others?

Space and Space Travel Milestones in Space Exploration (1900 -1970): 1) 12/17/1903: First Human

Space and Space Travel Milestones in Space Exploration (1900 -1970): 1) 12/17/1903: First Human Flight. 2) 1/13/1920: R. Goddard Rocket Propulsion Treatise. (NY Times Blasts Goddard) 4) 3/26/1926: Launch of First Liquid Fuel Rocket. 5) 10/04/1957: Sputnik 1 Orbits Earth. 6) 4/12/1961: Yuri Gargarin Orbits Earth. 7) 12/14/1962: Mariner 2 Flys by Venus. 8) 7/16/1969: Apollo 11 Lands on Moon. (NY Times Apologizes to Goddard)

Space and Space Travel Milestones in Space Exploration (1970 -2004): 9) 12/15/1970: Vernera 7

Space and Space Travel Milestones in Space Exploration (1970 -2004): 9) 12/15/1970: Vernera 7 Lands on Venus 10) 04/19/1971: Salyut 1 is the First Space Station 11) 11/14/1971: Mariner 9 Orbits Mars 12) 07/20/1976: Viking 1 -first long duration lander 13) 04/12/1981: First Flight of Shuttle Columbia. 14) 08/29/1989: Voyager 2 Reaches Neptune. 15) 07/4/1997: Pathfinder Lands on Mars 16) 12/17/2003: Attempt to recreate Kitty Hawk 17) 01/2004: Spirit and Opportunity Land on Mars 18) 01/14/2005: Huygens Spacecraft Lands on Titan. Flight Fails…

Scales in the Solar System The Solar System is characterized by extremes: 1) The

Scales in the Solar System The Solar System is characterized by extremes: 1) The very hot to the very cold 2) The very big to the very small 3) The very dense to the very tenuous 4) The very close to the very distant 5) The very numerous to the very unique 4) The very fast to the very slow

Scientific Notation: Scientific Notation is a shorthand way of writing and multiplying large (and

Scientific Notation: Scientific Notation is a shorthand way of writing and multiplying large (and small) numbers. 0. 00001 10 -9 Nano (n) (billionth) 0. 000001 10 -6 Micro ( ) (millionth) 0. 001 10 -3 Milli (m) (thousandth) 1 100 Unity 1000 103 Kilo (k) (thousands) 1, 000 106 Mega (M) (millions) 1, 000, 000 109 Giga (G) (billions) 1, 000, 000 1012 Terra (T) (trillions) To do numbers that are not divisible by ten, we multiply by an exponential number. 4, 275, 000 = 4. 275 x 109 or 0. 000374 = 3. 74 x 10 -4

Using Scientific Notation: To multiply numbers using scientific notation we add the exponents. 103

Using Scientific Notation: To multiply numbers using scientific notation we add the exponents. 103 x 10 -9 102 x 105 = 10(3) + (- 9) = 10(2) + (5) =10 -6 =107 To divide numbers using scientific notation we subtract the exponents. 103 ÷ 10 -9 = 10(3) - (- 9) =1012 102 ÷ 105 = 10(2) + (5) =107 To add or subtract numbers using scientific notation we work in front of the exponents. 3. 0 x 102 + 2. 6 x 105 1. 0 x 105 - 7. 0 x 102 =2. 603 x 105 =0. 993 x 105

Scientific Notation Example Course Objectives: How long does light take to travel from the

Scientific Notation Example Course Objectives: How long does light take to travel from the visible surface of the Sun to the Earth? Distance from Sun to Earth D = 150, 000 km In Scientific Notation D = 1. 5 108 km In Meters D = 1. 5 108 103 = 1. 5 x 1011 m The Speed of Light C = 3 x 108 m/s The time = distance/speed = D/C =(1. 5 x 1011)÷(3 108)=(15 x 1010)÷(3 x 108) D/C = time =5 x 102 = 500 seconds = 8. 33 minutes

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space

Space and Space Travel Course Objectives: 1) To Describe the Properties of the Space Environment and the Sun.