- Slides: 15
Southwest Asia and North Africa Physical Geography
Location Southwest Asia is also called the Middle East It is called the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia People call Southwest Asia different names depending on who you talk to!
Climate Most of the area is desert or semiarid climate Sahara Desert in North Africa is the largest desert in the world Sahel is a region south of the Sahara (dry but not entirely desert) Take it from me. The Sahara Desert is hot!
Hazards Desertification is when the desert expands due to human and natural conditions A drought is a long period of time without rain
Mountains Atlas – located in northwest Africa Taurus – located in southern Turkey Zagros – located in Iran Find them on your map! Dudes, I didn’t make it across the mountains!
Water Features Mediterranean Sea Bosporus Strait Red Sea Dardanelles Strait Black Sea Nile River (located in Egypt) Arabian Sea Persian/Arabian Gulf Tigris River (located in Iraq) Strait of Hormuz (connects Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea) Euphrates River (located in Iraq) Jordan River (located in Israel)
Suez Canal Human made waterway connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea Owned by Egypt
Bosporus/Dardanelles These are narrow straits that connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean Sea Istanbul is located on the Dardanelles
Soil Areas near the rivers will flood during the wet season Some areas of alluvial soils Deltas near the Nile and Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Tigris and Euphrates Delta
Oasis/Wadi An Oasis is an area in the desert that has water and vegetation can grow A wadi is a dry riverbed in the desert that will fill with water when it rains An oasis can save your life in the desert!