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Soul One and Soul Two Write two sentence which show the soul being used in the two different contexts described by Dawkins. Which one did he reject? Why?
Evaluation of Dawkin’s concept of the soul
Learning Outcome • To be able to demonstrate understanding of Dawkin’s concept of the soul. • To be able to critically evaluate Dawkins’ concept of the soul.
Michael Behe: Irreducible Complexity • Michael J. Behe, a biochemist at Lehigh University, has published a insider's attack on Darwinism. He is a biologist who does not totally deny evolution. • He has no problem with stories of moths evolving dark coloration so as to hide on polluted trees or of streptococci outwitting antibiotics. Nor does he deny common descent, the notion that all species, including humans, are derived from one or a few common ancestors. • But Behe's chief claim remains deeply revolutionary: evolution, he says, cannot account for the cell, the very basis of life. Instead the cell shows unequivocal signs of design by an intelligent agent
What does Behe actually think? Read through the article and pick 5 sentences that you think explain why Behe rejects Dawkins. Write them in your book. Be prepared to share all five with the class. Next step: Find out the definitions of these terms: • Hard Materialism • Soft Materialism Which one does Dawkins fit into? Which would Behe fit into? Stretch yourself: What is intelligent design? Why does Behe hold this view?
William of Ockham His principle, known as Ockham’s Razor, Suggests that the simplest explanation is usually the best. He would rather believe in one thing (a brain) than two separate things (body and soul). But how do we explain qualia consciousness?
Gilbert Ryle (1900 -76) ‘Belief in a soul is a category mistake’ A mistake of language that resulted in people speaking about the mind and body as different things. Remember: ‘where is the team spirit? ’ To call someone ‘happy’ or ‘clever’ does not require existence of separate soul or mind. It refers only to the way they behave.
Essay question Critically assess Dawkin’s claim that since life is no more that DNA reproducing itself there can be no life after death.  Consider how you would plan this essay. . .
Evaluation zig-zag Complete the zig-zag in your notes. Zig-zag from arguments that support and criticise Dawkin’s concept of the soul. For Stretch yourself: To reach a better A 02 grade you must always link your arguments. E. g. However Dawkins would disagree with Plato because…. . For Against
A 2 Question structure Introduction For Against Conclusion In each paragraph: Point Evidence Explanation Link You must refer to the question throughout your answer. Note: Change all questions into ‘discuss’ questions. This means you can see a clear argument to improve your AO 2.
Homework Make sure you understand clearly and have two definitions in your book for the terms: • Hard Materialism • Soft Materialism You may want to add examples of philosophers who fit into these categories.