# Solving Equations from Word Problems Basic AmountSum Problems

Solving Equations from Word Problems Basic Amount/Sum Problems Rectangle Problems Algebra 1 Krista Craig

There are 54 54 kilograms of apples in two baskets. The second basket of apples weighs 12 kilograms more than the first. How many kilograms are in each basket? Assign Labels. let f = first basket f let (f f ++ 12 12)= second basket Verbal Model first basket + second basket = total Algebraic Model. (Equation) + = Solve. Why is it f+12 Sentence. and not 12+f? Remove parentheses when there is an addition sign beside it. There are 21 kg of apples in the first basket and 33 kg in the second basket. Does 21 and 33 equal 54? Does the second basket weigh 12 kg more than the first basket?

The length of a rectangle is 8 cm longer than twice the width. If the perimeter is 34 find the dimensions of the rectangle. length Labels. Let w = width Let(2 w 2 w + 8) 8 = length width lengths V. M. + twoof widths Perimeter = two Remember when asked for the dimensions a rectangle, you are and the length. being asked for the measurement of the width + 2 A. M. = 2 Solve. Sentence. Check The width is 3 cm and the length is 14 cm. Perimeter = 2 lengths + 2 widths 34 = 2(14) + 2(3) 34 = 28 + 6 34 = 34 Is the length twice the width plus 8?

The length of a rectangle is 8 cm longer than twice the width. If the perimeter is 34 find the dimensions of the rectangle. length Labels. Let w = width Let 2 w + 8 = length V. M. Perimeter = two lengths + two widths A. M. 34 = 2 (2 w + 8) + 2 w width length Complete the steps highlighted above for the seven class work problems. When you have finished those steps, go back and solve the equations.

Example 1 The sum of the ages of two sisters is 25. The second sister’s age is 5 more than three times the first sister’s age. Find the two ages. Assign Labels. Verbal Model. Algebraic Model. Solve. Sentence. Let f = first sister’s age Let 3 f + 5 = second sister’s age first sister’s age + second sister’s age =total + = The first sister is 5 and the second sister is 20.

Example 2 A carpenter cut a board that was 10 feet long into two pieces. The longer piece is two feet longer than three times the length of the shorter piece. What is the length of each piece? Assign Labels. Let s = short board Let 3 s + 2 = long board Verbal Model. Algebraic Model. Solve. Sentence. short board + long board = total + = The short board is 2 feet and the long board is 8 feet long.

Example 3 The length of a rectangle is 1 meter less than twice its width. If the perimeter is 112 meters, find the dimensions. Labels. V. M. A. M. Let w = width Let(2 w 2 w - 1) 1 = length Perimeter = two lengths + two widths + 2 112 = 2 length width length Solve. Sentence. The width is 19 meters and the length is 37 meters.

Example 4 The length of a rectangle is twice its width. If the perimeter is 60 meters, find the dimensions (length and width) of the rectangle. Labels. V. M. A. M. Let w = width Let(2 w) 2 w = length Perimeter = two lengths + two widths + 2 60 = 2 length width length Solve. Sentence. The width is 10 meters and the length is 20 meters.

Example 5 There are three numbers. The first is twice as big as the second, and the second is twice as big as the third. The total of the numbers is 224. What are the numbers? Assign Labels. Verbal Model. Let t = third number Let 2 t = second number Let 2(2 t) = first number first # + second # + # number = total Algebraic Model. Solve. Sentence. Check The number are 32, 64, and 128.

Example 6 Mary and Betty have saved $43. Betty has saved $3 more than three times the amount Mary has saved. How much money has each girl saved? Assign Labels. Let m = Mary’s savings Verbal Model. Let 3 m + 3 = Betty’s savings Mary’s savings + Betty’s savings = total Algebraic Model. Solve. Sentence. Mary saved $10 and Betty saved $33.

Example 7 Marge worked three times as many problems as Sue. They worked a total of 32 problems. How many problems did Sue work? Assign Labels. Let s = Sue’s problems Let 3 s = Marge’s problems Verbal Model. Sue’s problems + Marge’s problems = total Algebraic Model. Solve. Sentence. Check Sue worked 8 problems.

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